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Infant skull binding shaped identity, inequality in ancient Andes

The idea of binding and reshaping a baby's head may make today's parents cringe, but for families in the Andes between 1100-1450, cranial modification was all the rage. The post Infant skull binding shaped identity, inequality in ancient Andes appeared first on HeritageDaily - Heritage & Archaeology News.

Human brain evolution looks gradual. If you ignore enough data...

Bernard Wood’s research group has a new paper on brain size evolution in hominins, led by Andrew Du in Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B: “Pattern and process in hominin brain size evolution are scale-dependent”. In this paper,...Show More Summary

Link: An Ethiopian government transition

Ethiopia is undergoing an unexpected government transition, and Yohannes Gedamu in The Conversation gives some context: “Premier quitting and state of emergency signal urgent need for reform in Ethiopia”. All eyes are now on the ruling...Show More Summary

Brain size of human ancestors evolved gradually over 3 million years

Modern humans have brains that are more than three times larger than our closest living relatives, chimpanzees and bonobos. The post Brain size of human ancestors evolved gradually over 3 million years appeared first on HeritageDaily - Heritage & Archaeology News.

Link: Sicilian wine from the Copper Age retrieved from deep in geothermal caves

The Conversation has a nice article by Davide Tanasi reviewing recent work uncovering historic secrets locked away by sulfuric cave fumes in Sicily: “Prehistoric wine discovered in inaccessible caves forces a rethink of ancient Sicilian culture”. It’s pretty neat. Show More Summary

What keeps astronomers from publishing their results?

An article in Science by Daniel Clery investigates the mystery of why half the astronomers who are granted telescope time never seem to publish their results: “‘Still working’: Astronomers explain why they don’t publish”. I’ve often compared anthropology to astronomy in terms of data sharing and data generation. Show More Summary

First 3D morphometric study of the molars of Sima de los Huesos

The Dental Anthropology Group of the Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana (CENIEH) forms part of the team which has just published a paper in American Journal of Physical Anthropology on the morphological analysis...Show More Summary

The Haitian Tragedy. Part 3

François Duvalier, President of Haiti (1957-1971) In 1957, François Duvalier was elected President of Haiti. He won massively: 679,884 votes to the 266,992 of his nearest frontrunner, Louis Déjoie. Once in power he exiled Déjoie's major supporters and had a new constitution proclaimed. Show More Summary

Link: Finding the lost rice of the American South

The New York Times has a fascinating story about a lost strain of rice that once was widely grown by slaves and freedmen in the South: “Finding a Lost Strain of Rice, and Clues to Slave Cooking”. Mr. Dennis had heard about hill riceShow More Summary

Ideological purity tests are not the way to build public engagement with science

Undark is running an op/ed by Aspen Reese, a former visiting scientist at the American Museum of Natural History, about the recent (and ongoing) flap concerning the politics of a museum trustee, Rebekah Mercer: “There’s an Anti-Science Conservative on Your Museum’s Board. Show More Summary

A genomic look at hybridization in citrus fruits

I just love this article about hybridization and the origins of different varieties of citrus fruits: “Genomics of the origin and evolution of Citrus”. Here’s the key figure: Figure 2b from Wu et al. 2018. Original caption: "Genealogy of major citrus genotypes. Show More Summary

Time to publish peer referee comments?

A meeting at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute last week asked whether journals should start publishing the reviews they receive on papers. As reported by Jeffrey Brainard in Science, the consensus was yes: “Researchers debate whether...Show More Summary

The Haitian Tragedy. Part 2

Dumarsais Estimé, President of Haiti 1946-1950 (Wikicommons) Elderly Haitians remember the postwar era with nostalgia. Their country benefited from the postwar doubling of sisal and coffee exports, as well as the boom in tourism. The...Show More Summary

The so-called Toba bottleneck didn't happen

Chad Yost and colleagues have a long and detailed article in the current Journal of Human Evolution about why the Toba volcanic eruption 74,000 years ago did not drive ancient humans near extinction. I want to quote the last two paragraphs...Show More Summary

Link: Sci-Hub profiled

Verge has a long article on Sci-Hub, focusing on its founder, Alexandra Elbakyan: “Science’s Pirate Queen”. If you have not heard of Sci-Hub, it is a major search engine and repository allowing people around the world to download scientific research articles for free, without paying publishers. Show More Summary

Link: Robots in retail

MIT Technology Review has an interview with an exec from a company making robots for Walmart: “Walmart’s new robots are loved by staff—and ignored by customers”. Erin: How have employees responded to the robots? Have you received any...Show More Summary

Earliest Figurative Art in Crete and Greece

The earliest known figural art from Greece was once thought to be from the Neolithic (8,500 to 5,000 years ago). New research on old data [...] The post Earliest Figurative Art in Crete and Greece appeared first on Archaeology Revie...

Mass grave dates from Viking Era

Archaeologists from the Anthropology and Archaeology department at the University of Bristol has revealed that a mass grave discovered in the 1980s dates from Viking era thanks to Radiocarbon dating. The post Mass grave dates from Viking Era appeared first on HeritageDaily - Heritage & Archaeology News.

Link: China CRISPR-ing away

Gizmodo: “China Has Already Gene-Edited 86 People With CRISPR”. In China’s 2015 CRISPR trial, the WSJ reports, 36 patients with cancers of the kidney, lung, liver and throat had cells removed from their bodies, altered with CRISPR, and then infused back into their bodies to fight the cancer. Show More Summary

The Haitian tragedy. Part 1

J acques Roumain (1907-1944) - poet, anthropologist, and founder of the Haitian Communist Party Haiti is the most African of all countries in the New World, the average Haitian being 95% African by ancestry. In comparison, the proportion is 77-82% for the average Jamaican (Simms et al. Show More Summary

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