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New study to characterize methane emissions from natural gas compressor stations

(Colorado State University) Colorado State University, home to some of the world's top researchers on methane emissions, will lead a Department of Energy-supported project to analyze emissions from a specific part of the natural gas supply chain: compressor stations. The new project will help scientists develop a more complete picture of overall emissions.

Earlham Institute launches first CyVerse-UK hub for 'big data' analysis

(Earlham Institute) The Earlham Institue establishes the first UK dedicated high-performance computing (HPC) cluster for international data portal 'CyVerse' -- providing free, open-source genome analysis for big data research.

Advances in Alzheimer's research by Dr. Caghan Kizil and his research group

(Technische Universität Dresden) The research team of Dr. Caghan Kizil at the DFG-Center for Regenerative Therapies Dresden -- Cluster of Excellence at the TU Dresden, achieved a major advance in Alzheimer's research. They showed how a diseased vertebrate brain can naturally react to Alzheimer's pathology by forming more neurons.

When quantum scale affects the way atoms emit and absorb particles of light

(Springer) In 1937, US physicist Isidor Rabi introduced a simple model to describe how atoms emit and absorb particles of light. Until now, this model had still not been completely explained. In a recent paper, physicists have used an exact numerical technique. Show More Summary

A moving story of FHL2 and forces

(National University of Singapore) Researchers from the Mechanobiology Institute at the National University of Singapore have revealed the molecular events leading to the regulation of cell growth and proliferation in response to stiffness of the extracellular matrix that surrounds them.

QUT professor honored with prestigious award

(Queensland University of Technology) A QUT professor has become the first Australian since Professor Ian Frazer to receive the prestigious West Lake Friendship award.

Discovery of blood biomarkers for early pancreatic cancer detection

(Kumamoto University) Pancreatic cancer is one of the most lethal forms of cancer. Early detection is essential to improve prognoses. Working toward that goal, a collaboration of researchers in Japan has discovered proteins in the blood which improve the detection of pancreatic cancer. Show More Summary

Paving the road to drug discovery

(Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology (OIST) Graduate University) When treated with an anti-cancer drug, ICRF-193, fission yeast produce an 'arched and snapped' phenotype that may be used to screen for other cancer drugs.

Understanding bacteria's slimy fortresses

(Princeton University, Engineering School) Engineers and biologists have for the first time revealed the mechanics of how bacteria build up slimy masses called biofilms, cell by cell. When encased in biofilms in the human body, bacteria are a thousand times less susceptible to antibiotics, making certain infections, such as pneumonia, difficult to treat and potentially lethal.

Windsurfing swans—an overlooked phenomenon

It is well-known that birds can fly, swim and walk, but now there is scientific evidence that birds also can windsurf. Olle Terenius from the Department of Ecology at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences reports that the Mute swan occasionally uses the wings as sails when moving quickly on water surfaces.

Correctly packaging the complete yeast genome using purified components in the test-tube

An LMU team has succeeded in correctly packaging the complete yeast genome using purified components in the test-tube. This is a first that yields new insights into the mechanisms of genome organization above the level of the DNA sequence.

Characterizing the mechanical properties of biomolecules

Physicists at LMU have developed a novel nanotool that provides a facile means of characterizing the mechanical properties of biomolecules.

Wildlife migration routes for multiple species can link conservation reserves at lower cost

Scientists have demonstrated a new technique for designing effective wildlife migration corridors while reducing the costs of conservation.

Ultrastructure of a condensed chromosome-like structure in a cyanobacterium

Eukaryotic cells, including human cells, form paired condensed chromosomes before cell division. The paired chromosomes are then equally divided into daughter cells. Prokaryotic cells, including bacteria, do not have such a DNA distribution system.

The real meaning of Trump’s Al Smith fiasco

A presidential election season involves a series of debates. After the last debate, a day or a few days after, the main candidates attend and speak at a charity dinner run by the Archdiocese of New York, to raise money for Catholic Charities. It is the last event at which the candidates will appear together,…

Titanosaurs Crossing Continents – Savannasaurus elliottorum

“Wade” Finally Gets a Name – Savannasaurus elliottorum An Australian Titanosaur, nicknamed “Wade”, whose fossilised bones were discovered in 2005, has been formally described and named.  Say hello to Savannasaurus elliottorum, the scientific...Show More Summary

Meeting of the Biology Working Group of the Global Ocean Acidification Observing Network (GOA-ON), 10-11 October 2016, Monaco

The first in-person meeting of the Biology Working Group of the Global Ocean Acidification Observing Network (GOA-ON) took place from 10-11 October 2016 at the IAEA Environment Laboratories in Monaco, hosted by the OA-ICC. The meeting brought together 14 participants from 9 countries and was led by the co-chairs of the Working Group, Mr Sam […]

WESTPAC scientists step up efforts to combat ocean acidification

46 Scientists from the region gathered again in Phuket, Thailand, 29?31 August 2016, stepping up their efforts to develop a long term program monitoring the ecological impacts of ocean acidification on coral reef ecosystems for the region. The three-day WESTPAC event is a follow-up to previous two workshops in 2015, with the aim to review […]

Second research flight into zero gravity

(University of Zurich) Saturday, a parabolic flight is set to take off from Swiss soil for the second time. It will be carrying experiments from various Swiss universities on board to research the effects of zero gravity on biological and physical processes, and test technologies. Show More Summary

John Innes Centre scientists solve 60-year-old Septoria mystery

(John Innes Centre) A new paper from scientists at the John Innes Centre in Norwich explains why plant breeders have found it difficult to produce wheat varieties which combine high yield and good resistance to Septoria, a disease in wheat which can cut yield losses by up to 50 percent. It traces the problem back to decisions made nearly 60 years ago.

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