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Save the whales

(University of California - Santa Barbara) Benioff Ocean Initiative announces first project, commits $1.5 million to finding solutions to whale deaths caused by vessel collisions.

Designer proteins fold DNA

(Technical University of Munich (TUM)) Florian Praetorius and Professor Hendrik Dietz of the Technical University of Munich have developed a new method that can be used to construct custom hybrid structures using DNA and proteins. The method opens new opportunities for fundamental research in cell biology and for applications in biotechnology and medicine.

Scientists reveal hidden structures in bacterial DNA

DNA contains the instructions for life, encoded within genes. Within all cells, DNA is organised into very long lengths known as chromosomes. In animal and plant cells these are double-ended, like pieces of string or shoelaces, but in bacteria they are circular. Show More Summary

Scientists use new technology to assemble genome of Zika virus mosquito

A team spanning Baylor College of Medicine, Rice University, Texas Children's Hospital and the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard has developed a new way to sequence genomes, which can assemble the genome of an organism, entirely from scratch, dramatically cheaper and faster. Show More Summary

Novel virus breaks barriers between incompatible fungi

Scientists have identified a virus that can weaken the ability of a fungus to avoid pairing with other incompatible fungi, according to new research published in PLOS Pathogens. By promoting fungal pairing, the virus could aid transmission of additional unrelated viruses between fungi.

How free speech can become censorship – and how to solve it

The more free speech, the better – or so we thought. But in a world of bots and misinformation, the online free-for-all is ruining debate

Stay in school, little fishes. To avoid hungry predators,...

Stay in school, little fishes. To avoid hungry predators, anchovies swim in schools of thousands. With all those moving targets, it’s hard for a predator to focus on just one!

Stress may protect—at least in bacteria

Antibiotics harm bacteria and stress them. Trimethoprim (TMP), an antibiotic, inhibits the growth of the bacterium Escherichia coli and induces a stress response. This response also protects the bacterium from subsequent deadly damage from acid. Show More Summary

Purging the body of 'retired' cells could reverse ageing, study shows

Findings raise possibility that a future therapy that rids the body of senescent cells might protect against the ravages of old age Purging retired cells from the body has been shown to undo the ravages of old age in a study that raises the prospect of new life-extending treatments. Show More Summary

Dairy farmers should rethink a cow's curfew, says UBC researchers

(University of British Columbia) Dairy cows housed indoors want to break curfew and roam free, suggests new research from the University of British Columbia, published today in Scientific Reports.

How chewing like a cow helped early mammals thrive

(University of Chicago Medical Center) In a paper published March 21, 2017, in Scientific Reports, David Grossnickle, a graduate student in the Committee on Evolutionary Biology at the University of Chicago, proposes that mammal teeth,...Show More Summary

SPICY: Discovery of new ginger species spices up African wildlife surveys

(Wildlife Conservation Society) Scientists from WCS have discovered a new species of wild ginger, spicing up a wave of recent wildlife discoveries in the Kabobo Massif -- a rugged, mountainous region in Democratic Republic of Congo.

New stem cell method produces millions of human brain and muscle cells in days

(Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute) Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute scientists and their collaborators at the University of Cambridge have created a new technique that simplifies the production of human brain and muscle cells -- allowing millions of functional cells to be generated in just a few days. Show More Summary

New tools to study the origin of embryonic stem cells

Researchers at Karolinska Institutet have identified cell surface markers specific for the very earliest stem cells in the human embryo. These cells are thought to possess great potential for replacing damaged tissue but until now have been difficult to distinguish from classical embryonic stem cells. The study is published in the prestigious journal Cell Stem Cell.

Research shows that circular RNAs, until now considered non-coding, can encode for proteins

A group of scientists in Israel and Germany, led by Prof. Sebastian Kadener from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, have discovered a protein-encoding function for circular RNA. This kind of RNA molecule is highly active in brain cells and could play an important role in neurodegenerative diseases.

Membrane lipids hop in and out of rafts in the blink of an eye

Researchers in Japan, India and France have found that molecules move into and out of a specialized region of the cell membrane, called the 'raft domain', at unexpectedly fast rates. The discovery was made possible by developing fluorescent...Show More Summary

Diabetes damages small coronary blood vessels and thus increases the risk of heart attacks

(Technical University of Munich (TUM)) Diabetics have a significantly higher risk of suffering a heart attack. A research team at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has now identified one of the causes: Diabetes is associated with the loss of small blood vessels around the heart. Show More Summary

The Anthropocene: Scientists respond to criticisms of a new geological epoch

(University of Leicester) 'Irreversible' changes to the Earth provide striking evidence of new epoch, University of Leicester experts suggest.

Membrane lipids hop in and out of rafts in the blink of an eye

(Kyoto University) New fluorescent lipids demonstrate how specialized regions in the cell membrane function.

Corals die as global warming collides with local weather in the South China Sea

(Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution) In the South China Sea, a 2°C rise in the sea surface temperature in June 2015 was amplified to produce a 6°C rise on Dongsha Atoll, a shallow coral reef ecosystem, killing approximately 40 percent of the resident coral community within weeks, according to a study published in Scientific Reports this week.

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