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Agroindustrial waste can be used as material for housing and infrastructure

Guidelines for a research project about agroindustrial wastes and their potential use as appropriate materials for housing and infrastructure include converting waste into resources, substituting toxic raw materials for healthy inputs, and migrating from harmful to sustainable production processes.

Bisphenol A Exposure through the Skin

Dermal absorption causes prolonged exposure to problematic compound

Data revealed under FOI shows benefits of MS drug currently blocked by regulators

(Queen Mary University of London) A drug that is blocked by the EU regulatory system has now been found to improve the quality of life of people with multiple sclerosis, according to a study by Queen Mary University of London.

AI implications: Engineer's model lays groundwork for machine-learning device

In what could be a small step for science potentially leading to a breakthrough, an engineer at Washington University in St. Louis has taken steps toward using nanocrystal networks for artificial intelligence applications.

Astrophysicists explain the mysterious behavior of cosmic rays

(Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology) The model focuses mainly on the nature of Fermi bubbles and explains the spectral distribution of the observed cosmic rays flux. It can be said that the processes they described are capable of re-accelerating galactic cosmic rays generated in supernova explosions. Show More Summary

RIT astrophysics Ph.D. student wins competitive NASA fellowship

(Rochester Institute of Technology) Rochester Institute of Technology graduate student Chi Nguyen was selected for a NASA Earth and Space Science Fellowship in Astrophysics Research. She is one of eight fellowship recipients selected from 141 applicants to the Astrophysics Science Research Program, a division of the NASA Earth and Space Science Fellowship Program.

Engineering team images tiny quasicrystals as they form

(Cornell University) What makes quasicrystals so interesting? Their unusual structure. A Cornell lab has joined scientists pursuing this relatively new area of study.

Potato waste processing may be the road to enhanced food waste conversion

(Penn State) With more than two dozen companies in Pennsylvania manufacturing potato chips, it is no wonder that researchers in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences have developed a novel approach to more efficiently convert potato waste into ethanol. This process may lead to reduced production costs for biofuel in the future and add extra value for chip makers.

Scientists identify central neural circuit for itch sensation

(Chinese Academy of Sciences Headquarters) A recent study carried out by Dr. Sun Yangang's lab at the Institute of Neuroscience of the Chinese Academy of Sciences discovered a central neural circuit that is critical for transmitting the itch signal. Show More Summary

Lubricant-infused material is a slick trick against mussels

(American Association for the Advancement of Science) A lubricant-infused polymer could reduce the problem of fouling, in which mussels, barnacles and other organisms encrust themselves to ship hulls and marine pipes.

Slippery liquid surfaces confuse mussels

(Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard) Mussels are one of the worst perpetrators of biofouling, or the unwanted accumulation of organisms on underwater structures. A team of scientists from the Wyss Institute...Show More Summary

Tuberculosis drug may work better than others in its class

(PLOS) Treatment of tuberculosis involves a combination of several drugs, sometimes including drugs from a class known as fluoroquinolones. Using computer simulations, scientists have shown that the fluoroquinolone known as moxifloxacin may be superior to two other commonly used fluoroquinolones, according to a new paper in PLOS Computational Biology.

Discovery could lead to new catalyst design to reduce nitrogen oxides in diesel exhaust

Researchers have discovered a new reaction mechanism that could be used to improve catalyst designs for pollution control systems to further reduce emissions of smog-causing nitrogen oxides in diesel exhaust.

Slippery liquid surfaces confuse mussels

It all began with a bet at a conference in Italy in 2013. Nicolas Vogel, Ph.D., then a postdoctoral fellow in Joanna Aizenberg's lab at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University and Harvard's John A. Show More Summary

Researchers develop model for lighter armor

The US Army Research Laboratory is working on developing new light-weight ceramic materials that resist fracture, and has teamed with researchers from the University of Florida to better understand exactly how these materials, which are suited for Soldier personal protection and Army systems, fracture, and how they can be further improved. Show More Summary

Mutarotation

In our recent post on ring-chain tautomerism, we said that there are two isomers of D-glucose in its 6-membered ring (“pyranose”) form. These two diastereomers – which, to make matters more confusing, are called “anomers” in the context of sugar chemistry –  differ in the orientation of the hydroxyl group on C-1. (Note that C-1 […]

Researchers make surprising discovery about how neurons talk to each other

(University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences) New findings challenge existing dogma that neurons release fixed amounts of chemical signal at any one time and could have implications for brain disorders including Parkinson's and schizhophrenia.

Researchers printed graphene-like materials with inkjet

(Aalto University) Researchers have developed inks made of graphene-like materials for inkjet printing. New black phosphorous inks are compatible with conventional inkjet printing techniques for optoelectronics and photonics. The inkjet...Show More Summary

NIH funds Rosalind Franklin University study on role of oxytocin in anxiety

(Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science) Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science researcher Joanna Dabrowska has been awarded a five-year, $2 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to investigate the role of the hormone oxytocin in stress-induced psychiatric disorders. Show More Summary

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