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Breakthrough study shows how plants sense the world

(University of Alabama at Birmingham) Plants lack eyes and ears, but they can still see, hear, smell and respond to environmental cues and dangers. They do this with the aid of hundreds of membrane proteins that sense microbes or other stresses. Show More Summary

Hybridization And Bond Strengths

Quick quiz. What’s the strongest C–H bond, below? (In other words, which C–H bond has the highest bond-dissociation energy?)  The answer is C. In a), the carbon is sp3 hybridized and the bond dissociation energy is 105 kcal/mol In b), the carbon is sp2 hybridized and the bond dissociation energy is 110 kcal/mol In c), […]

Radioactivity from oil and gas wastewater persists in Pennsylvania stream sediments

(Duke University) More than seven years after Pennsylvania officials requested that the disposal of radium-laden fracking wastewater into surface waters be restricted, a new Duke study finds that high levels of radioactivity persist in stream sediments at three disposal sites. Show More Summary

Superconducting X-ray laser takes shape in Silicon Valley

(DOE/SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory) An area known for high-tech gadgets and innovation will soon be home to an advanced superconducting X-ray laser that stretches 3 miles in length, built by a collaboration of national laboratories. Show More Summary

Virtual reality goes magnetic

(Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf) The success of Pokémon GO made many people familiar with the concept of 'augmented reality': computer-generated perception blends into the real and virtual worlds. So far, these apps largely used optical methods for motion detection. Show More Summary

Charge order and electron localization in a molecule-based solid

(Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids) Charge ordering in cationic mixed-valence compounds is of crucial importance for materials science. The prototypic example for a transition from a charge-disordered to a charge-ordered state has been magnetite, Fe3O4, where Evert Verwey observed a sudden jump in resistivity near -150°C. Show More Summary

Bio-renewable process could help 'green' plastic

When John Wesley Hyatt patented the first industrial plastic in 1869, his intention was to create an alternative to the elephant tusk ivory used to make piano keys. But this early plastic also sparked a revolution in the way people thought about manufacturing: What if we weren't limited to the materials nature had to offer?

Piecework at the nano assembly line

(Technical University of Munich (TUM)) Scientists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have developed a novel electric propulsion technology for nanorobots. It allows molecular machines to move a hundred thousand times faster than with the biochemical processes used to date. Show More Summary

Fanconi anemia: Insight from a green plant

(American Society of Plant Biologists) Fanconi anemia is a human genetic disorder with severe effects, including an increased risk of cancer and infertility. Research in plants helps us understand the disease in humans, showing how a key protein functions in the exchange of genetic material.

Avangrid, UMass Lowell to collaborate on clean energy

(University of Massachusetts Lowell) A new research partnership between Avangrid, its subsidiary Central Maine Power and UMass Lowell will expand the use of clean-energy technology -- in hydropower, wind energy, power grids, energy storage, data science and more -- benefiting consumers, students and the environment.

A stopwatch for nanofluids: NIST files provisional patent for microflowmeter

(National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)) The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has filed a provisional patent application for a microflow measurement system, about the size of a nickel, that can track the movement of extremely tiny amounts of liquids--as small as nanoliters per minute. Show More Summary

A nanophenomenon that triggers the bone-repair process

(Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona) Researchers at the Institut Català de Nanociència i Nanotecnologia have resolved one of the great unknowns in bone self-repair: how the cells responsible for forming new bone tissue are called into action. Show More Summary

Thorium reactors may dispose of enormous amounts of weapons-grade plutonium

(Tomsk Polytechnic University) Scientists from Tomsk Polytechnic University are developing a new technology for multipurpose application of large amounts of weapons-grade plutonium accumulated in Russia and across the world. InsteadShow More Summary

HKU chemist Dr Li Xuechen receives Croucher Senior Research Fellowship 2018

(The University of Hong Kong) The research of Dr Li lies in the interface of synthetic chemistry, medicinal chemistry and biology, spanning from innovative synthetic method development to biological studies and drug discovery, with the ultimate aim to develop novel therapeutics.

NMRCloudQ: A quantum cloud experience on a nuclear magnetic resonance quantum computer

(Science China Press) Cloud-based quantum computing is the most useful form for public users to experience with the power of quantum. Recently, a joint team led by G. Long at Tsinghua University, B. Zeng at University of Guelph and D. Show More Summary

A Russian scientist improved nanofluids for solar power plants

(Siberian Federal University) An associate of Siberian Federal University (SFU) teamed up with his foreign colleagues to increase the efficiency of the heat transfer medium used in solar power plants. The results of the study were published in Renewable Energy journal.

Simulations show how atoms behave inside self-healing cement

Researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) have developed a self-healing cement that could repair itself in as little as a few hours. Wellbore cement for geothermal applications has a life-span of only 30 to 40 years. Show More Summary

Lifespan of fuel cells maximized using small amount of metals

Fuel cells are a key future energy technology emerging as eco-friendly and renewable energy sources. In particular, solid oxide fuel cells composed of ceramic materials can directly convert fuels such as biomass, LNG, and LPG to electric energy. Show More Summary

More University of Toronto affiliated scientists to publish lab notes in real time

(University of Toronto) About 20 scientists affiliated with a University of Toronto research organization have agreed to publish their lab notes in real time, a groundbreaking move aimed at hastening the discovery of new medical treatments.

New research collaboration with UTSA professor challenges existing models of black holes

(University of Texas at San Antonio) Chris Packham, associate professor of physics and astronomy at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), has collaborated on a new study that expands the scientific community's understanding of black holes in our galaxy and the magnetic fields that surround them.

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