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In experiments on Earth, testing possible building blocks of alien life

Scientists are attempting to identify the amino acids—building blocks that make proteins and support all life on Earth—that might feasibly form the basis of extraterrestrial life. The researchers have analyzed how an assortment of 15...Show More Summary

Cancer research advances: 5 leads for better diagnosis and treatment

(Experimental Biology 2017) Featured research includes a non-invasive new screening approach for breast cancer, leads for drug discovery and insights on a cancer-protective diet.

Scientists and engineers push the envelope for better heart health

(Experimental Biology 2017) Featured research includes a 'neuroprosthetic' device that restores cardiac function in patients with spinal cord injuries, 3-D printed heart valves, new leads for the treatment of clogged arteries, advances in stem cell therapy and new ways to visualize immune system dynamics.

Long-term treatment of decompensated cirrhosis with human albumin improves survival

(European Association for the Study of the Liver) Results from the ANSWER study showed that long-term administration of human albumin improves the survival rate of patients with decompensated cirrhosis. The study, presented at The International...Show More Summary

Trial of fibrate therapy in primary biliary cholangitis shows treatment is well tolerated

(European Association for the Study of the Liver) The results of the BEZURSO study, found that bezafibrate in combination with UDCA normalized prognostic markers of liver disease in patients with PBC with an inadequate response to UDCA. Show More Summary

SIRT is better tolerated than sorafenib, but doesn't increase overall survival in HCC

(European Association for the Study of the Liver) Results of the SARAH trial demonstrate that SIRT resulted in median OS of 8.0 months compared to 9.9 months with sorafenib (p=0.179), in patients with locally advanced and inoperable HCC. Show More Summary

New therapy has potential to advance the treatment of pediatric cholestatic liver diseases

(European Association for the Study of the Liver) Results from a study of a novel ileal bile acid transport inhibitor, A4250, demonstrated that it reduced levels of blood bile acids, which are characteristic of many liver diseases and often associated with severe liver damage, in children with cholestatic liver diseases. Show More Summary

Progress in Indian Chemistry Research

India contributes growing numbers of chemistry articles, but is still underrepresented for highly cited papers

LSUHealthNO research shows fish oil component helps damaged brain & retina cells survive

(Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center) A team of researchers led by Nicolas Bazan, MD, PhD, Boyd Professor and Director of the Neuroscience Center of Excellence at LSU Health New Orleans School of Medicine, has shown for...Show More Summary

Two-dimensional melting of hard spheres experimentally unravelled after 60 years

(University of Oxford) After extensive research scientists from the Department of Chemistry at the University of Oxford have found experimental evidence of melting in two-dimensional substances. Findings from the study could be used to support technological improvements to thin film materials such as graphene.

Report recommends ways to improve response to toxic inhalation disasters

(American Thoracic Society) Better medical responses to the accidental or intentional release of inhaled toxic chemicals are being developed, but the field faces considerable challenges, according to a new report by an internationalShow More Summary

Molecular libraries for organic light-emitting diodes

(Goethe University Frankfurt) FRANKFURT. Organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) are promising candidates for flexible flat displays. By means of a screening process developed by chemists at Goethe University Frankfurt, it is now possible to identify more quickly lead structures with superior luminescence and charge-transport properties.

Quantum mechanics is complex enough, for now...

(University of Vienna) Physicists have searched for deviations from standard quantum mechanics, testing whether quantum mechanics requires a more complex set of mathematical rules. To do so a research team designed a new photonic experiment using exotic metamaterials, which were fabricated at the University of California Berkeley. Show More Summary

Molecular libraries for organic light-emitting diodes

The rising demand for increasingly sophisticated smartphones, tablets and home cinemas is a growing challenge for display technology. At present, organic materials are the most effective way to master this challenge. In particular molecules...Show More Summary

Nature: 3-D-printing of glass now possible

(Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT) ) 3-D-printing allows extremely small and complex structures to be made even in small series. A method developed at the KIT for the first time allows glass to be used for this technique. The...Show More Summary

DGIST develops 20 times faster biosensor

(DGIST (Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology)) DGIST's research team develops technology which is 20 times faster than the existing biosensors using micromagnetic pattern of spider web.The technology can be used for early diagnosis and recurrence diagnosis of diseases such as cancer.

Researchers produce all RNA nucleobases in simulated primordial Earth conditions

(Phys.org)—In 1952, chemists Stanley Miller and Harold Urey conducted a famous experimental simulation of the conditions thought to prevail on early Earth in order to determine possible pathways to the creation of life. The Miller-Urey experiment used water (H2O), methane (CH4), ammonia (NH3) and hydrogen (H2) sealed inside a glass flask. Show More Summary

X-ray scattering and molecular dynamics simulations used to create real-time imaging of nanoparticle oxidation

(Phys.org)—A team of researchers affiliated with Temple University and Argonne National Laboratory has developed a way to observe material restructuring at the atomic scale in real time. In their paper published in the journal Science,...Show More Summary

Light can be utilized to control gene function

Light can be used as an accurate method to control gene expression, shows groundbreaking optogenetics study by University of Colorado, Duke University and University of Helsinki researchers.

WHO's Global Hepatitis Report sets baseline to eliminate viral hepatitis by 2030

(World Hepatitis Alliance) The World Hepatitis Alliance today welcomes the publication of the first-ever Global Hepatitis Report by the World Health Organization (WHO), which includes new data on the prevalence and global burden of viral hepatitis.

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