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Labeling a bacterial cell 'jacket': Team invents scientific method to track cells implicated in immune diseases

You have three to five pounds of bacteria living in and on your body right now. That's some 38 trillion bacteria, researchers estimate. Your immune system has to manage all of them, sorting out the good from the bad bugs.

Labeling a bacterial cell 'jacket'

(University of Delaware) A team of researchers from the University of Delaware have discovered how to label and light the sugar backbone of a bacterial cell wall. The findings will advance immune system research.

The birth and death of a tectonic plate

(University of California - Santa Barbara) Geophysicist Zachary Eilon developed a new technique to investigate the underwater volcanoes that produce Earth's tectonic plates

D and L Sugars

What differentiates “D-glucose” from “L-glucose” ? Or D-alanine from L-alanine? What’s this D- and L- nomenclature, anyway? For everyone in a rush, here is the quick and dirty answer: For a sugar drawn in the Fischer projection with the most oxidized carbon at the top:  if the OH on the bottom chiral centre points to the […]

Printed, flexible and rechargeable battery can power wearable sensors

(University of California - San Diego) Nanoengineers at the University of California San Diego have developed the first printed battery that is flexible, stretchable and rechargeable. The zinc batteries could be used to power everything from wearable sensors to solar cells and other kinds of electronics. The work appears in the April 19, 2017 issue of Advanced Energy Materials.

Scientists capture the first cryo-EM images of cellular target for type 2 diabetes in action

(University of Michigan) Researchers at the University of Michigan, Stanford University and biotech company ConfometRx have captured the first cryo-electron microscopy snapshots of a key cellular receptor in action.

First-of-its-kind study shows how hand amputation, reattachment affect brain

(University of Missouri-Columbia) Researchers from the University of Missouri have found evidence of specific neurochemical changes associated with lower neuronal health in these brain regions. Further, they report that some of these changes in the brain may persist in individuals who receive hand transplants, despite their recovered hand function.

Where you grow what you grow

(American Society of Agronomy) A new study looks at how three varieties of camelina perform when grown in two different regions within the Great Plains. The end goal is to find the camelina variety that performs best in each location or environment -- beyond the genetics involved.

Discovered: Fast-growing galaxies from early universe

(Carnegie Institution for Science) A team of astronomers including Carnegie's Eduardo Bañados and led by Roberto Decarli of the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy has discovered a new kind of galaxy which, although extremely old -- formed less than a billion years after the Big Bang -- creates stars more than a hundred times faster than our own Milky Way.

Scientists find simple copper complex shuts down botulinum neurotoxin poisoning

Botulinum neurotoxin is probably best known to Americans as BOTOX, a cosmetic medicine, rather than as a cause of potentially dangerous foodborne illnesses. Lesser known is that Clostridium botulinum, the bacterium that causes the neurointoxication, produces one of the most potent toxins on earth and is classified as a potential bioterrorism threat.

Chemical Safety Board faces uncertain future

(American Chemical Society) Under President Donald Trump's proposed 2018 budget, the world's only independent body dedicated to investigating chemical-related industrial accidents would be abolished. A story in Chemical & Engineering...Show More Summary

INEOS to Buy Oil & Gas Business from DONG Energy

Deal positions INEOS as a top ten company and the biggest private enterprise operating in the North Sea

Paper test strip could help heart failure patients monitor their condition at home

(American Chemical Society) Contrary to the condition's name, heart failure doesn't mean the heart has stopped pumping -- it's just not working at full strength. It can often be managed with medications and lifestyle changes, but its progression needs to be monitored closely. Show More Summary

Neutrons provide the first nanoscale look at a living cell membrane

(DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory) A research team from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory has performed the first-ever direct nanoscale examination of a living cell membrane. In doing so, it also resolved a long-standing debate by identifying tiny groupings of lipid molecules that are likely key to the cell's functioning.

Sorghum: Health food, sweetener and now, clothing dye

(American Chemical Society) Sorghum has long been a staple food in many parts of the world, but in the US, it's best known as a sweetener and livestock feed. As demand for the grain soars, so does the amount of waste husks. To reduce...Show More Summary

Three-dimensional graphene: Experiment at BESSY II shows that optical properties are tuneable

(Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie) An international research team has for the first time investigated the optical properties of three-dimensional nanoporous graphene at the IRIS infrared beamline of the BESSY II electron storage ring. Show More Summary

Volunteers help ANU find star that exploded 970 million years ago, predating the dinosaurs

(Australian National University) Online volunteers have helped astronomers at The Australian National University find a star that exploded 970 million years ago, predating the dinosaurs' time on Earth.

Physicists discover mechanism behind granular capillary effect

(University of Cologne) The origin of the granular capillary effect -- the rise of sand or other granules in a tube -- was a long-standing mystery. Only recently did an international team of physicists succeed in unveiling it. Further research may open up new ways to move materials, leading to promising new applications in trade and industry.

Researchers develop molecule that may lead to first synthetic one-dose antimalarial

Researchers at LSTM, working in partnership with the University of Liverpool and other colleagues, have developed a molecule which has the potential to become the first fully synthetic, one-dose treatment for malaria.

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