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Using Yeast to Decrease Mercury Uptake

11 hours agoAcademics / Chemistry : ChemViews

Baker's yeast reduces bioavailability of Hg compounds from some food sources

Surprising twist in confined liquid crystals: A simple route to developing new sensors

(Georgia Institute of Technology) Researchers at Georgia Tech found that a class of water soluble liquid crystals, called lyotropic chromonic liquid crystals, exhibited unexpected characteristics that could be harnessed for use in sensors and other potential applications.

Study confirms prescription weight-loss medication helps with opiate addiction recovery

(University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston) Researchers from the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston have confirmed that a prescription weight-loss pill decreases the urge to use opiates such as oxycodone. In a study...Show More Summary

Microwave-induced bismuth salts-mediated synthesis of molecules of medicinal interests

(Bentham Science Publishers) The products obtained via bismuth salts-mediated reactions are medicinally active or starting materials for the synthesis of biologically active molecules including sex hormones, anticancer agents, antibacterial agents and agents for chagas diseases.

The world's largest diamond foil

(University of Erlangen-Nuremberg) Material researchers of Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen Nürnberg have come a step closer to their goal of providing large diamond foils for practical applications. In a test reactor, they have succeeded in producing the world's largest diamond foil with a diameter of 28 cm. Show More Summary

On the trail of Parkinson's disease

(University of Konstanz) The molecular causes of diseases such as Parkinson's need to be understood as a first step towards combating them. University of Konstanz chemists working alongside Professor Malte Drescher recently succeeded in analysing what happens when selective mutations of the alpha-synuclein protein occur -- a protein that is closely linked to Parkinson's disease.

New study identifies successful method to reduce dental implant failure

(University of Plymouth) A research team comprising scientists from the School of Biological Sciences, Peninsula Schools of Medicine and Dentistry and the School of Engineering at the University of Plymouth, have joined forces to develop and evaluate the effectiveness of a new nanocoating for dental implants to reduce the risk of peri-implantitis.

Lighting up antibiotic resistance

(Wiley) Carbapenems are among the 'antibiotics of last resort' and can fight infections for which other drugs have longlost their effectiveness. However, even carbapenem-resistant pathogenic strains have emerged over the last decade...

Hydrophobic proteins on virus surfaces can help purify vaccines

(Michigan Technological University) Through experimental and computational tests, new research expands on the theory of virus surface hydrophobicity. By being slightly water-repellent, the outer layers of proteins in virus capsids affect how it interacts with cells and the environment. Understanding this more can improve vaccine production and virus detection.

Evolutionary advantage of the common periwinkle

(Wiley) A special kind of small sulfur-rich proteins, the metallothioneins, have an extraordinarily large capability for bindingheavy metals. An international team of scientists has now discovered that the marine common periwinkle, which...Show More Summary

Big data approach to predict protein structure

(Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT) ) Nothing works without proteins in the body, they are the molecular all-rounders in our cells. If they do not work properly, severe diseases, such as Alzheimer's, may result. To develop methods to repair malfunctioning proteins, their structure has to be known. Show More Summary

New lab-on-a-chip platform seeks to improve pathogen detection

Nuclear amplification testing is commonly used for pathogen detection; however, the process is currently manually intensive and complex, and requires dedicated equipment. This prevents its use in some settings, and pathogen detection in individual samples.

OFC concludes featuring the evolution of silicon photonics, 5G networking and the Internet of Things

(The Optical Society) OFC, the world's leading conference and exhibition for optical communications and networking professionals, concludes with 663 exhibiting companies, over 1,100 peer-reviewed papers and 14,500 attendees.

WPI, BSEE, and the US Coast Guard successfully test a novel oil spill cleanup technology

(Worcester Polytechnic Institute) Tests of a novel technology that can accelerate the combustion of crude oil floating on water demonstrated its potential to become an effective tool for minimizing the environmental impact of oil spills. Show More Summary

Creating materials in a novel way by 3-D printing bacteria

(Phys.org)—A team of researchers at Delft University of Technology has developed a means for 3-D printing a gel containing bacteria onto a base to create materials in a novel way. In their paper published in the journal ACS Synthetic Biology, the team describes their technique and how they used it to simulate a process for creating small graphene samples.

Converting water into hydrogen more efficiently

Scientists have long been puzzled why it is easier to produce hydrogen from water in an acidic environment than in an alkaline environment. Marc Koper comes with an explanation: the reason is the electric field at the surface of the catalyst, which is larger in an alkaline environment, as he writes in a publication in Nature Energy on 20 March.

Electrodeposition and annealing used to allow for adjusting hardness in nanograined metals

(Phys.org)—A team of researchers from China and France have adjusted the hardness of nanograined metals by applying electrodeposition and annealing. In their paper published in the journal Science, the team describes their technique and suggests some applications they believe could benefit from such metal treatments.

Virus hydrophobicity can help purify vaccines

A person doesn't have to get sick to catch a virus. Researchers hope to catch viruses for detection and vaccinations by understanding their sticky outer layers.

A fluorogenic probe can detect the activity of multidrug-resistant pathogens in an assay system

Carbapenems are among the "antibiotics of last resort" and can fight infections for which other drugs have long lost their effectiveness. However, even carbapenem-resistant pathogenic strains have emerged over the last decades. To find...Show More Summary

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