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The toes tell the tale

(Harvard University) Though modern horses now have a single toe, their earliest ancestors had three on their front legs, and four on the back. Harvard scientists are shedding new light on what drove those changes, and in a new studyShow More Summary

Best ever image of a star's surface and atmosphere

(ESO) Using ESO's Very Large Telescope Interferometer astronomers have constructed the most detailed image ever of a star -- the red supergiant star Antares. They have also made the first map of the velocities of material in the atmosphere of a star other than the sun, revealing unexpected turbulence in Antares's huge extended atmosphere. Show More Summary

17.6 million Americans live close to active oil and gas (and fracking) wells

(PSE Healthy Energy) An estimated 17.6 million Americans live within one mile of an active oil or gas well, according to a study published today in Environmental Health Perspectives, a peer-reviewed journal published by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. Show More Summary

Breaking Bad in South Florida (3)

This is a work of fiction. Names, characters, businesses, places, events and incidents are either the products of the author’s imagination or used in a fictitious manner. If you find any resemblance to actual persons, living or dead, or actual events, deadly or lively, or actual molecules, carbons or heteroatoms, it is purely coincidental. Part […]

Self-powered paper-based 'SPEDs' may lead to new medical-diagnostic tools

A new medical-diagnostic device made out of paper detects biomarkers and identifies diseases by performing electrochemical analyses - powered only by the user's touch - and reads out the color-coded test results, making it easy for non-experts to understand.

Self-powered paper-based 'SPEDs' may lead to new medical-diagnostic tools

(Purdue University) A new medical-diagnostic device made out of paper detects biomarkers and identifies diseases by performing electrochemical analyses -- powered only by the user's touch -- and reads out the color-coded test results, making it easy for non-experts to understand.

Study finds that gravity, 'mechanical loading' are key to cartilage development

(University of Missouri-Columbia) Mechanical loading is required for creating cartilage that is then turned to bone; however, little is known about cartilage development in the absence of gravity. Now, in a study led by the University of Missouri, bioengineers have determined that microgravity may inhibit cartilage formation. Show More Summary

How cytoplasm 'feels' to a cell's components

(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) In a study that may guide drug design, MIT researchers find organelles encounter varying levels of resistance, depending on their size and speed, as they move through a cell's cytoplasm.

When given the chance to pay less, patients choose cheaper prescription drugs

(University of California - Berkeley) As prescription drug spending continues to rise in the United States, along with prices for new and well-established drugs, insurers, employers and patients are searching for ways to cut costs. A...Show More Summary

New approach makes lightest automotive metal more economic, useful

Magnesium—the lightest of all structural metals—has a lot going for it in the quest to make ever lighter cars and trucks that go farther on a tank of fuel or battery charge.

Researchers devise microreactor to study formation of methane hydrate

(NYU Tandon School of Engineering) Researchers at the NYU Tandon School of Engineering are using a novel means of studying how methane and water form methane hydrate that allows them to examine discrete steps in the process faster and more efficiently.

Thesis prize winner explores the proton's spectrum

(DOE/Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility) When it comes to laying bare the secrets of the proton, Priyashree Roy's efforts at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility have already contributed a whole swath of new information useful to researchers. Now, the thesis she wrote about her work has earned her the 2016 Jefferson Science Associates Thesis Prize.

Study suggests serotonin may worsen tinnitus

(Oregon Health & Science University) Millions of people suffer from the constant sensation of ringing or buzzing in the ears known as tinnitus, creating constant irritation for some and severe anxiety for others. Research by scientists at OHSU shows why a common antidepressant medication may worsen the condition.

Bond dissociation energies for transition metal silicides accurately determined

Transition metal silicides, a distinct class of semiconducting materials that contain silicon, demonstrate superior oxidation resistance, high temperature stability and low corrosion rates, which make them promising for a variety of future developments in electronic devices. Show More Summary

Bond dissociation energies for transition metal silicides accurately determined

(American Institute of Physics) Transition metal silicides are promising for future developments in electronic devices, but fundamental aspects of the chemical bonding between their transition metal atoms and silicon remain poorly understood. Show More Summary

Nanoparticle ink produces glowing holograms with simple inkjet printer

(ITMO University) Researchers at ITMO University unveiled a new approach for printing luminescent structures based on nanoparticle ink. The unique optical properties of the ink were achieved by means of europium-doped zirconia. Particles...Show More Summary

Research team uses computation and experiment to understand how novel material properties form

Since the dawn of Enlightenment-era chemistry and physics, scientists have tried to document materials' properties different conditions. These investigations spawned the field of materials science and have helped humanity create aircraft...Show More Summary

How continents were recycled

(Ruhr-University Bochum) Researchers from Germany and Switzerland have used computer simulations to analyse how plate tectonics have evolved on Earth over the last three billion years. They show that tectonic processes have changed in the course of the time, and demonstrate how those changes contributed to the formation and destruction of continents. Show More Summary

Satellite photos reveal gigantic outburst floods

(Faculty of Science - University of Copenhagen) Researchers from Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Denmark, studied satellite photographs of Lake Catalina, an ice-dammed lake in East Greenland -- and were truly amazed:Show More Summary

Methane hydrate is not a smoking gun in the Arctic Ocean

(CAGE - Center for Arctic Gas Hydrate, Climate and Environment) Methane hydrate under the ocean floor was assumed to be very sensitive to increasing ocean temperatures. But a new study in Nature Communications shows that short term warming of the Arctic ocean barely affects it.

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