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Sharing economy can help financial struggles

The power of the sharing economy in shaking up traditional industries can be harnessed to help financially struggling Queenslanders, according to QUT research. Dr Dhaval Vyas, from QUT's Science and Engineering Faculty, found the model...Show More Summary

Ants filmed building moving bridges from their live bodies

Army ants build living bridges by linking their bodies to span gaps and create shortcuts across rainforests in Central and South America. An international team of researchers has now discovered these bridges can move from their original building point to span large gaps and change position as required. read more

Blood from small children 'remembers' prenatal smoking exposure

New Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health-led research finds that blood taken from children up to the age of five contains molecular evidence about whether their mothers smoked during pregnancy. read more

Women with diabetes exposed to air pollution at higher risk for heart disease

DALLAS, Texas, Nov. 25, 2015 -- Women with diabetes who are exposed to air pollution for long periods may have a much higher risk for heart disease, according to a long-term, nationwide study published in the Journal of the American Heart Association. read more

Air pollution and cardiovascular disease: Increased risk for women with diabetes

Air pollution is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and some people may be more susceptible to its effects than others. Investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) and Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health...Show More Summary

How a genetic locus protects adult blood-forming stem cells

KANSAS CITY, MO--A particular location in DNA, called the Dlk1-Gtl2 locus, plays a critical role in protecting hematopoietic, or blood-forming, stem cells--a discovery revealing a critical role of metabolic control in adult stem cells,...Show More Summary

Closing the loop on an HIV escape mechanism

Nearly 37 million people worldwide are living with HIV. When the virus destroys so many immune cells that the body can't fight off infection, AIDS will develop. The disease took the lives of more than a million people last year. read more

New gene map reveals cancer's Achilles heel

Scientists have mapped out the genes that keep our cells alive, creating a long-awaited foothold for understanding how our genome works and which genes are crucial in disease like cancer. A team of Toronto researchers, led by Professor...Show More Summary

Researchers assess use of drug-susceptible parasites to fight drug resistance

Athens, Ga. - Researchers at the University of Georgia have developed a model for evaluating a potential new strategy in the fight against drug-resistant diseases. The strategy would take advantage of parasite refugia--host populations...Show More Summary

Shedding light on oil behaviors before the next spill

A comprehensive scientific report released today by The Royal Society of Canada (RSC) has concluded that there are still critical research gaps hampering efforts to both assess the environmental impacts of crude oil spills and to effectively remediate them. read more

'Material universe' yields surprising new particle

An international team of researchers has predicted the existence of a new type of particle called the type-II Weyl fermion in metallic materials. The discovery suggests a range of potential applications, from low-energy devices to efficient transistors.

Anticancer agent FL118 more potent than its analogs, not prone to typical channels of resistance

A new synthetic form of camptothecin appears to have greater potency, longer efficacy and fewer adverse side effects than irinotecan and topotecan, report investigators.

New treatment potential for heart attack sufferers

New hope in the fight against cardiovascular disease has arrived, following breakthrough research identifying a pigment in our bile which could protect us.

Umbilical cells help eye's neurons connect

Cells isolated from the human umbilical cord have been shown to produce molecules that help retinal neurons from the eyes of rats grow, connect and survive. The findings implicate one family of molecules in particular -- thrombospondins - that may have therapeutic potential for the treatment of degenerative eye diseases.

New strategy discovered for treating arthritis

Arthritis patients could one day benefit from a novel form of medicine, according to researchers at Queen Mary University of London (QMUL). Their early study indicates that arthritic cartilage, previously thought to be impenetrable to...Show More Summary

Overweight, obesity early in life increase risk of cardiac death

WASHINGTON (Nov. 25, 2015) -- Overweight and obesity throughout adulthood, and especially elevated weight in early adulthood, were associated with increased risk of sudden cardiac death in a 32-year study of more than 72,000 women published today in JACC: Clinical Electrophysiology. read more

NTDs disproportionately found in areas of poverty in Islamic Nations

The Organisation of the Islamic Cooperation (OIC) is an inter-governmental organisation of 57 Muslim-majority countries with a mission to promote human rights and advance science and technology development. In a new PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases Editorial, Drs. Show More Summary

Discovery could open door to frozen preservation of tissues, whole organs

CORVALLIS, Ore. - Researchers in the College of Engineering at Oregon State University have discovered a new approach to "vitrification," or ice-free cryopreservation, that could ultimately allow a much wider use of extreme cold to preserve...Show More Summary

Low sugar diet makes foods taste sweeter but does not change preferred level of sweetness

PHILADELPHIA (Nov. 25, 2015) - A new study from scientists at the Monell Center and collaborators reveals that while foods such as vanilla pudding taste sweeter following three months on a low-sugar diet, the level of sweetness most preferred in foods and beverages does not change. Show More Summary

Insect DNA extracted, sequenced from black widow spider web

Scientists extracted DNA from spider webs to identify the web's spider architect and the prey that crossed it, according to this proof-of-concept study published November 25, 2015 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Charles C. Y. Xu from the University of Notre Dame and colleagues. read more

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