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The Whale Guardians of San Francisco Bay

This time of year, humpback and blue whales come to feed on masses of krill in the San Francisco Bay. They make for an amazing research opportunity. The post The Whale Guardians of San Francisco Bay appeared first on WIRED.

Unusual new zoantharian species is the first described solitary species in over 100 years

A very unusual new species of zoantharian surprised Drs Takuma Fujii and James Davis Reimer, affiliated with Kagoshima University and University of the Ryukyus. read more

Scientists develop painless and inexpensive microneedle system to monitor drugs

Researchers at the University of British Columbia and the Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI) in Switzerland have created a microneedle drug monitoring system that could one day replace costly, invasive blood draws and improve patient comfort. The...Show More Summary

NASA --"Enormous Solar Flares Sparked Creation of DNA Molecules Necessary for Life on Earth"

NASA’s Kepler Mission found stars that resemble our sun about a few million years after its birth. The Kepler data showed many examples of what are called “superflares” – enormous explosions so rare today that we only experience them once...

Could Brain Training Prevent Dementia?

It’s been a lousy couple of years for researchers who study the effects of computerized brain training. In October of 2014 a group of more than seventy academics published what they called a consensus statement, asserting that playing brain games had been shown to improve little more than the ability to play brain games. Show More Summary

E-cigarette nicotine labels not always accurate

A study found that 51 percent of labels on e-cigarette liquid nicotine containers from 16 North Dakota stores don’t accurately reflect the levels of nicotine found in the products. In one instance, actual nicotine levels were 172 percent higher than labeled. The majority of e-cigarette liquid containers also did not provide child-resistant packaging.

Drug targeting BRAF mutation slows thyroid cancer, too

Researchers found that treating metastatic thyroid cancer patients harboring a BRAF mutation with the targeted therapy vemurafenib -- originally approved for melanoma patients with the mutation -- showed promising anti-tumor activity in a third of patients.

For whom the births (and worms) toll

Studies of Bolivian forager-farmers shed light on costs of high birthrates, effects of pathogens on metabolism.

How rope was made 40,000 years ago

Rope and twine are critical components in the technology of mobile hunters and gatherers. In exceptional cases impressions of string have been found in fired clay and on rare occasions string was depicted in the contexts of Ice Age art, but on the whole almost nothing is known about string, rope and textiles form the Paleolithic. Show More Summary

Physicists revisit spin-bowling puzzle: How cricket spin bowlers do it

Spin bowlers in cricket are masters at making the ball loop slowly through the air to confuse batsmen. Legends of the game know the magic combinations of top-spin, side-spin and off-spin necessary to fool the opposition, but some clever calculations by physicists in Australia could help to share this knowledge with a wider audience.

Similarities unite three distinct gene mutations of Treacher Collins syndrome

Scientists have reported a detailed description of how function-impairing mutations in polr1c and polr1d genes cause Treacher Collins syndrome (TCS), a rare congenital craniofacial development disorder that affects an estimated one in 50,000 live births.

Vaccine strategy induces antibodies that can target multiple influenza viruses

Scientists have identified three types of vaccine-induced antibodies that can neutralize diverse strains of influenza virus that infect humans. The discovery will help guide development of a universal influenza vaccine.

Plant compounds give '1-2' punch to colon cancer

A preliminary cell study finds combining curcumin, the active ingredient in spicy curry dishes, and silymarin, a component of milk thistle, inhibited the spread of colon cancer cells and increased cancer cell death.

This Russian City Is Called the 'Graveyard of the Earth'

On the face of it, the living is good in Ozersk, Russia. The 100,000 people living in the city tucked in the Ural Mountains have always had plenty of food, private apartments, well-regarded schools, and good healthcare—even when the rest of the country lived in poverty. But there...

Parasite proteins prompt immune system to fight off ovarian tumors in mice

Scientists identified the specific proteins secreted by the parasite Toxoplasma gondii that cause the immune system in mice to attack established ovarian tumors. The study, led by David Bzik of the Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth in Hanover, New Hampshire, is published on July 22 in PLOS Genetics. read more

Behavioral activation as effective as CBT for depression, at lower cost

A simple and inexpensive therapy is equally as effective at treating depression as the "gold standard" of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), a largescale study has concluded. read more

The Lancet: Simpler, cheaper psychological treatment as effective as cognitive behavioural therapy for treating depression

A simple and inexpensive psychotherapy or talking therapy known as behavioural activation (BA) is as effective at treating depression in adults as the gold-standard cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), and can be delivered by non-specialist staff with minimal training at far less cost, according to new research published in The Lancet. read more

Ultrasensitive sensor using N-doped graphene

A highly sensitive chemical sensor based on Raman spectroscopy and using nitrogen-doped graphene as a substrate was developed by an international team of researchers working at Penn State. In this case, doping refers to introducing nitrogen atoms into the carbon structure of graphene. Show More Summary

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