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Progress in refining the genetic causes of schizophrenia

The study, published today in Genome Biology and funded by the Medical Research Council, combined genetic sequence information with measures of gene regulation in schizophrenia patients and matched controls. Schizophrenia is an inherited, neuropsychiatric disorder characterised by episodes of psychosis and altered brain function. Show More Summary

Researchers discover machines can learn by simply observing

It is now possible for machines to learn how natural or artificial systems work by simply observing them, without being told what to look for, according to researchers at the University of Sheffield. This could mean advances in the world of technology with machines able to predict, among other things, human behaviour. read more

Technique could assess historic changes to Antarctic sea ice and glaciers

Historic changes to Antarctic sea ice could be unravelled using a new technique pioneered by scientists at Plymouth University. It could also potentially be used to demonstrate past alterations to glaciers and ice shelves caused by climatic...Show More Summary

Factors associated with improvement in survival following heart attack

Among nearly 400,000 patients hospitalized with a certain type of heart attack in England and Wales between 2003 and 2013, improvement in survival was significantly associated with use of an invasive coronary strategy (such as coronary...Show More Summary

System may help treat rare genetic disorder, reduce severe side effects

PORTLAND, Ore. - Researchers at Oregon State University and other institutions have discovered a type of drug delivery system that may offer new hope for patients with a rare, ultimately fatal genetic disorder - and make what might become...Show More Summary

People with alcohol dependency lack important enzyme

A research group under the leadership of Linköping University Professor Markus Heilig has identified an enzyme whose production is turned off in nerve cells of the frontal lobe when alcohol dependence develops. The deficiency in this...Show More Summary

A new animal model to understand metastasis in sarcomas

The Sarcoma research group of Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBELL), led by Dr. Òscar Martínez-Tirado, has developed a modified version of an orthotopic model that allows researchers to recreate more closely the metastatic steps in Ewing sarcoma (ES), the second most common bone tumor in children and adolescents. read more

Friendships, vaccines, and impressions: Upcoming studies in SPPS

While many scientists explore what people have in common, several studies publishing online to Social Psychological and Personality Science show us how differences help us understand individuals. The company you keep: Personality and friendship characteristics Laakasuo, Michael; Rotkirch, Anna; Berg, Venla; Jokela, Markus read more

Cell phone conversations hinder child pedestrian crossing abilities -- Ben Gurion U. study

BEER-SHEVA, Israel...August 30, 2016 - Researchers at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) have determined that a child pedestrian's ability to safely cross the road is hindered more during a cell phone conversation than an adult's. The study will be published in the November, 2016 issue of Safety Science (Elsevier). read more

Let It Burn?

WEST YELLOWSTONE, Mont.—The town of West Yellowstone should have spent last week focusing on the influx of tourists in town to celebrate the 100 th anniversary of the founding of the National Park Service, the culminating huzzah of the...Show More Summary

Molecular switch may sensitize triple-negative breast cancers to immunotherapy

A new study offers compelling evidence that enzyme PRL-3 is 'switch' in TNF-R1 pathway, determining whether pathway helps cancer cells survive or die when challenged with immunotherapy.

Five-year study reveals patients operated on at night twice as likely to die as patients who have daytime operations

New research shows that patients who have surgery during the night are twice as likely to die as patients operated on during regular working hours.

Interactive map shows where animals will move under climate change

Researchers have created an animated map showing where mammals, birds and amphibians are projected to move in the Western Hemisphere in response to climate change.

Shark fins and meat contain high levels of neurotoxins linked to Alzheimer's disease

Scientists found high concentrations of toxins linked to neurodegenerative diseases in the fins and muscles of 10 species of sharks. The research team suggests that restricting consumption of sharks can have positive health benefits for consumers and for shark conservation, since several of the sharks analyzed in the study are threatened with extinction due to overfishing.

Characteristic chemical signature for chronic fatigue syndrome identified

Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a mysterious and maddening condition, with no cure or known cause. But researchers, using a variety of techniques to identify and assess targeted metabolites in blood plasma, have identified a characteristic...Show More Summary

Radiologists detect breast cancer in 'blink of an eye'

Visual attention researchers showed radiologists mammograms for half a second and found that they could identify abnormal mammograms at better than chance levels. They further tested this ability through a series of experiments to explore...Show More Summary

Blinding disease in canines and humans shares causative gene, pathology

Scientists report that they've directly compared the disease course of a blinding ciliopathy between humans and dogs and found remarkable similarities.

Artificial intelligence expedites breast cancer risk prediction

Researchers have developed an artificial intelligence (AI) software that reliably interprets mammograms, assisting doctors with a quick and accurate prediction of breast cancer risk. The AI computer software intuitively translates patient charts into diagnostic information at 30 times human speed and with 99 percent accuracy.

A device to control 'color' of electrons in graphene provides path to future electronics

A device made of bilayer graphene is one step forward in a new field of physics called valleytronics.

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