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Earth's first ecosystems were more complex than previously thought, study finds

Computer simulations have allowed scientists to work out how a puzzling 555-million-year-old organism with no known modern relatives fed, revealing that some of the first large, complex organisms on Earth formed ecosystems that were much more complex than previously thought. read more

Soil pulled from deep under Oregon's unglaciated Coast Range unveils frosty past climate

EUGENE, Ore. -- Nov. 27, 2015 -- Lush greenery rich in Douglas fir and hemlock trees covers the Triangle Lake valley of the Oregon Coast Range. Today, however, geologists across the country are more focused on sediment samples dating back 50,000 years that were dug up by University of Oregon scientists. read more

Mystery of how snakes lost their legs solved by reptile fossil

Fresh analysis of a reptile fossil is helping scientists solve an evolutionary puzzle - how snakes lost their limbs. The 90 million-year-old skull is giving researchers vital clues about how snakes evolved. Comparisons between CT scans...Show More Summary

Scientists single out individual photons from a pulse of light

A research team has devised a way to pluck a single photon from a pulse of light. This breakthrough can both aid further basic research into the nature of light and help advance quantum communication systems, which will likely be based on single photons.

Extreme heatwaves may hit Europe in the short term

Regional climate projections for the two coming decades (2021-2040) suggest enhanced probability of heatwaves anywhere in Europe, which would be comparable or greater than the Russian heatwave in 2010 - the worst since 1950 - according to a new article. Show More Summary

Seizure risk of anti-shivering agent meperidine greatly overstated

Meperidine, an opioid analgesic commonly used to control shivering in accidental or therapeutic hypothermia, has been linked to increased seizure risk, but a new study finds little published evidence to support this risk. While use of...Show More Summary

Immune-disorder treatment in mice holds potential for multiple sclerosis patients

A University of Florida Health researcher has found a simple, rapid way to treat an immune-related disorder in mice, an approach that could eventually help multiple sclerosis patients after further research. The process attaches disease-related...Show More Summary

"Feeding the Beast" --First Observation of a Star-Consuming Supermassive Black Hole

An international team of astrophysicists led by a Johns Hopkins University scientist has for the first time witnessed a star being swallowed by a black hole and ejecting a flare of matter moving at nearly the speed of light. The...

Microgravity reduces regenerative potential of embryonic stem cells

A study performed on the NASA Space Shuttle Discovery showed that exposure of mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) to microgravity inhibited their ability to differentiate and generate most cell lineages, needed for the development of bone, muscle, the immune system, and other organs and tissues. Show More Summary

The Generic City

Adapted from Places of the Heart: The Psychogeography of Everyday Life by Colin Ellard. Out now from Bellevue Literary Press. In 2007, Whole Foods Market built one of its largest stores in New York City’s Bowery District in its storied Lower East Side. Show More Summary

Monks Lied About King Arthur's Burial to Raise Cash

A team of 31 specialists led by an archaeologist at the University of Reading are shedding light on some supposed Dark Age legends in their four-year work at Glastonbury Abbey in the UK, reports the Guardian. To wit: "Those feet, immortalized in William Blake’s poem Jerusalem, never walked on the...

Immunotherapy for type 1 diabetes deemed safe in first US trial

Patients experienced no serious adverse reactions after receiving infusions of as many as 2.6 billion cells that had been specially selected to protect the body's ability to produce insulin, report scientists and physicians at the end of a trial focused on a new type 1 diabetes immunotherapy approach.

Discovery could open door to frozen preservation of tissues, whole organs

A new approach to 'vitrification,' or ice-free cryopreservation, has been discovered, which could ultimately allow a much wider use of extreme cold to preserve tissues and even organs for later use.

New strategy discovered for treating arthritis

Arthritis patients could one day benefit from a novel form of medicine, according to researchers. Their early study indicates that arthritic cartilage, previously thought to be impenetrable to therapies, could be treated by a patient's own 'microvesicles' that are able to travel into cartilage cells and deliver therapeutic agents.

Two-thirds of studies on 'psychosocial' treatments fail to declare conflicts of interest

The creators of commercially sold counseling programs increasingly profit from public health services across the world. However, a new study on the evidence basis for some of the market leaders reveals that serious conflicts of interest across the majority of the research go habitually undisclosed.

Increased carbon dioxide enhances plankton growth, opposite of what was expected

Science study reports that coccolithophores’ abundance has increased by an order of magnitude since 1960s, significantly changing ocean garden From the BIGELOW LABORATORY FOR OCEAN SCIENCES Coccolithophores–tiny calcifying plants that are part of the foundation of the marine food web–have been increasing in relative abundance in the North Atlantic over the last 45 years, as…

El Niño Meets the Rain Forest

On a recent Saturday afternoon, George Weiblen, a forty-six-year-old professor at the University of Minnesota, got behind the wheel of a beige Toyota Land Cruiser in Madang, a town on the northern coast of Papua New Guinea. P.N.G., as it is known, occupies the eastern half of the huge Pacific island of New Guinea. Show More Summary

Similarities to Jim Jones and the Cult of Climate Change

Guest opinion by Arkady Bukh, Esq The apocalypse of an alleged climate change shares many of Jones’ cult-like qualities. Jim Jones, the People’s Temple leader, led over 900 persons to commit suicide 32 years ago. Jones was charismatic and knowledgeable of both Scriptures and human behavior. After the mass murder/suicide and the murder of U.S. Congressman,…

Hunting for DNA in Doggerland, an Ancient Land Beneath the North Sea

Eight thousand years ago climate change and rising sea levels inundated the country of Doggerland. Now archaeologists are mapping its terrain—and its DNA. The post Hunting for DNA in Doggerland, an Ancient Land Beneath the North Sea appeared first on WIRED.

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