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"Life on Dwarf Planet Ceres?" Mysterious Daily Changes in Bright Spots Baffle Scientists

Bright spots on the dwarf planet Ceres continue to stump researchers, led by Paolo Molaro of the Trieste Astronomical Observatory in Italy, who conducted the observations using the HARPS spectrograph at ESO’s La Silla Observatory in Chile. Molaro's team made...

Cyborgs closer to becoming a reality of human evolution

Our excitement with and rapid uptake of technology -- and the growing opportunities for artificial brain enhancement -- are putting humans more firmly on the path to becoming cyborgs, according to evolution experts.

Predicting the spread of the Zika virus

A new tool predicts the risk of Zika virus importation and local transmission for 189 countries.

Zika’s Getting All of the Attention. It Shouldn’t.

We did not beat Ebola. If the West Africa Ebola epidemic follows the history of past outbreaks, it is highly likely that it will become endemic to the subregion and subsequent outbreaks can begin at any time. In fact, errant cases of Ebola have continued into 2016. Show More Summary

Mimicking deep sleep brain activity improves memory

It is not surprising that a good night's sleep improves our ability to remember what we learned during the day. Now, researchers have discovered a brain circuit that governs how certain memories are consolidated in the brain during sleep. Show More Summary

For millions on long-term opioid medications, change will be a challenge

A recent study surveyed patients to understand barriers to reducing the use of opioids to manage chronic pain. Millions of Americans take opioid medications daily to manage chronic pain, but there are growing concerns among health care professionals of opioid misuse and overdose.

Genes that increase children's risk of blood infection identified

Genes that make certain children more susceptible to invasive bacterial infections have been identified by performing a large genome-wide association study in African children.

Study reveals the impact of the giant reed, an exotic invader plant in the riverbeds, on the ground arthropods

The reed, an abundant plant in the riverbanks around the world, alters the ground arthropods communities and it reduces the body size of these invertebrates in the natural habitats it colonizes, according to a study.

Underwater grass beds have ability to protect and maintain their own health

CAMBRIDGE, MD (May 26, 2016)--An expansive bed of underwater grass at the mouth of the Susquehanna River has proven it is able to "take a licking and keep on ticking." A recent study has found that the submersed aquatic vegetation (SAV)...Show More Summary

A planet 1,200 light-years away is a good prospect for a habitable world

A distant planet known as Kepler-62f could be habitable, a team of astronomers reports. The planet, which is about 1,200 light-years from Earth in the direction of the constellation Lyra, is approximately 40 percent larger than Earth. Show More Summary

Palliative, hospice care lacking among dying cancer patients, Stanford researcher finds

Medical societies, including the American Society of Clinical Oncology, recommend that patients with advanced cancer receive palliative care soon after diagnosis and receive hospice care for at least the last three days of their life. Yet major gaps persist between these recommendations and real-life practice, a new study shows. read more

Remains of bizarre group of extinct snail-eating Australian marsupials discovered

Fossil remains of a previously unknown family of carnivorous Australian marsupials that lived 15 million years ago have been discovered at the Riversleigh World Heritage Fossil Site in north-western Queensland by a UNSW Australia-led...Show More Summary

Study finds that protein puts the brakes on melanin

A year and a half ago, researchers at Brown University found a molecular gas pedal for melanin production. Now they've found a brake. For scientists, the finding deepens not only the basic understanding of how eyes, skin and hair gain color, but also what perhaps can be done in disorders, such as albinism, when that doesn't happen. read more

Baby talk words with repeated sounds help infants learn language

Babies find it easier to learn words with repetitive syllables rather than mixed sounds, a study suggests. Assessments of language learning in 18-month-olds suggest that children are better at grasping the names of objects with repeated...Show More Summary

Hawk moths have a second nose for evaluating flowers

Flowers without scent produce fewer seeds, although they are visited as often by pollinators as are flowers that do emit a scent. Scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology in Jena, Germany, made this surprising observation, when they studied tobacco plants that have been silenced in their ability to produce floral volatiles. read more

Slithery new species

The team encountered the first individual, a beautiful meter-long silvery female, climbing in a Silver Palm tree near the water's edge on a remote island in the southern Bahamas. As dusk approached, Harvard graduate student and teamShow More Summary

Pharmacist prescribes education as key to curbing opioid abuse

Technologies that make it harder for people to abuse opioids - like doctoring pills so that they produce unpleasant side effects if broken, crushed or injected -- likely will have limited effectiveness in stemming the global epidemic...Show More Summary

Expert urges voluntary family planning to mitigate climate change

With climate change already close to an irreversible tipping point, urgent action is needed to reduce not only our mean (carbon) footprints but also the "number of feet" - that is, the growing population either already creating large...Show More Summary

Restoring chemotherapy sensitivity by boosting microRNA levels

By increasing the level of a specific microRNA (miRNA) molecule, researchers have for the first time restored chemotherapy sensitivity in vitro to a line of human pancreatic cancer cells that had developed resistance to a common treatment drug. read more

Brivaracetam in epilepsy: Added benefit not proven

Brivaracetam (trade name: Briviact) has been approved since January 2016 as add-on therapy for adolescents from the age of 16 years and adults with epileptic seizures. The German Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG)...Show More Summary

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