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New lightweight shape-shifting alloy shows potential for a variety of applications

A team of researchers at Tohoku University has discovered that the Mg-Sc alloy shows shape memory properties. This finding raises the potential for development and application of lightweight SMAs across a number of industries, including...Show More Summary

New index reveals likelihood of terrestrial or aquatic lifestyles of extinct mammals

Researchers have developed a new index based on rib and body weight measurements that predicts whether a mammal lived on land, in water, or both. When applied to extinct mammalian species, the index showed that some could not have supported their own weight while walking or crawling, and thus must have been restricted to an aquatic life. Show More Summary

Vast majority of guns recovered by Pittsburgh police not in possession of legal owners

PITTSBURGH, July 25, 2016 - Nearly 80 percent of perpetrators carrying a gun recovered by Pittsburgh Police were not the lawful owners, a strong indication that theft and trafficking are significant sources of firearms involved in crimes in southwest Pennsylvania, a new University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health analysis reveals. read more

Researchers make new projections for spread of the Zika virus

New research from the University of Notre Dame places a new upper limit on the total number of people who could become infected by the Zika virus in the first wave of the current epidemic. read more

Hot desert storms increase risk of bacterial meningitis in Africa

Exposure to airborne dust and high temperatures are significant risk factors for bacterial meningitis, a new study has found. The Sahel region of West Africa has the highest number of bacterial meningitis cases in the world. Previous...Show More Summary

First discovery from 'New Riversleigh' -- a new extinct carnivorous marsupial

A new species of extinct flesh-eating marsupial that terrorised Australia's drying forests about 5 million years ago has been identified from a fossil discovered in remote northwestern Queensland. The hypercarnivore, which is thought...Show More Summary

Risk factors identified in patient-to-patient transmission of resistant bacteria

Three key factors increase the risk for patient-to-patient transmission of an extremely drug-resistant bacteria known as CP-CRE, according to a new study. The research helps explain why some contacts of an infected patient acquire the dangerous bacteria while others do not.

A bioink by any other name: Clarifying definitions in 3-D bioprinting

Future Science Group (FSG) today announced the publication of a new article in Future Science OA looking to identify and define key terms associated with bioinks and bioprinting. read more

Developmental differences in late preterm babies may not emerge until after age two

Developmental differences in babies born four to six weeks early may not show up until after they turn two, a new study suggests. At age two, late preterm babies were developmentally on track with peers, performing equally well on tasks such as recognizing faces and objects, understanding directions and naming items. Show More Summary

Added bacterial film makes new mortar resistant to water uptake

Moisture can destroy mortar over time - for example when cracks form as a result of frost. A team of scientists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has found an unusual way to protect mortar from moisture: When the material is being mixed, they add a biofilm - a soft, moist substance produced by bacteria. read more

Added bacterial film makes new mortar resistant to water uptake

Moisture can destroy mortar over time -- for example when cracks form as a result of frost. A team of scientists has found an unusual way to protect mortar from moisture: When the material is being mixed, they add a biofilm -- a soft, moist substance produced by bacteria.

Developmental differences in late preterm babies may not emerge until after age 2

ANN ARBOR, Mich. - Developmental differences in babies born 4 to 6 weeks early may not show up until after they turn two, a new study suggests. Researchers from C.S. Mott Children's Hospital at the University of Michigan tracked children...Show More Summary

New lightweight shape-shifting alloy shows potential for a variety of applications

A team of researchers has discovered that the Mg-Sc alloy shows shape memory properties. Shape memory alloys (SMAs) show distinctive behaviors such as shape recovery upon heating and have a superelastic effect. They have been used in various industrial fields such as consumer electronics, housing facilities, personal ornaments, anti-seismic engineering and medical equipment.

Risk factors identified in patient-to-patient transmission of resistant bacteria

NEW YORK (July 25, 2016) - Three key factors increase the risk for patient-to-patient transmission of an extremely drug-resistant bacteria known as CP-CRE, according to a new study published today in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America. Show More Summary

Hypoxia radiotracer produced automatically in dose-on-demand fashion

Positron Emission Tomography (PET) is a non-invasive imaging modality with applications for diagnosis and patient management in the specialties of oncology, neurology and cardiology. The possibility of imaging cellular processes in real...Show More Summary

Osteopathic manipulation can improve pain in postpartum women

Preliminary results demonstrate that osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) helps reduce acute pain in postpartum women, regardless of whether they delivered vaginally or via cesarean.

Research shows sharing of cavity-causing bacteria may not be only from mothers to children

BIRMINGHAM, Ala. - New ongoing research from the University of Alabama at Birmingham Department of Biology and School of Dentistry is showing more evidence that children may receive oral microbes from other, nonrelative children. ItShow More Summary

Growing large-volume protein crystals bigger, better in space

An out of this world experiment to grow large-volume protein crystals aboard the International Space Station has proven successful. These sorts of crystals, which may be used in everything from basic biomedical research to drug design,...Show More Summary

Hot desert storms increase risk of bacterial meningitis in Africa

Exposure to airborne dust and high temperatures are significant risk factors for bacterial meningitis, a new study by the University of Liverpool's Institute of Infection and Global Health has found. The research, published in the Journal...Show More Summary

Unlocking the secret to cheaper solar power

As climate change garners more attention around the world, scientists have made critical advances in understanding the physical properties of an emerging class of solar cells that have the potential to dramatically lower the cost of solar energy.

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