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Small offshore oil spills put seabirds at risk

Seabirds exposed to even a dime-sized amount of oil can die of hypothermia in cold-water regions, but despite repeated requests by Environment Canada, offshore oil operators are failing when it comes to self-monitoring of small oil spills, says new research. Show More Summary

Present-day measurements yield insights into clouds of the past

Researchers have shown how fine particles are formed from natural substances in the atmosphere. These findings will improve our knowledge about clouds in the pre-industrial era and thus will contribute to a more accurate understanding...Show More Summary

Higher wages for UK's lowest paid improve productivity

Employees work harder and more cohesively if they feel they and their colleagues are paid a wage which reflects their skill and effort, new research has found. Data from more than 360,000 UK firms following the introduction of the National Minimum Wage showed 'statistically significant' increase in productivity in Britain's low-paying employment sectors.

Invasive trash-eating jackals save Europe €2 million a year

The wolf-like animal now spreading across Europe may not be all bad - it feeds on trash and pest rodents, providing millions in ecosystem services

Deep in a Cave, Neanderthals Did Something Remarkable

For tens of thousands of years, the secrets of France's Bruniquel Cave went unknown, its mouth closed off by a rock slide. That began to change in the late '80s, the Atlantic reports, when a boy named Bruno Kowalsczewski started clearing away what obstructed the opening; three years later, in...

Harnessing solar and wind energy in one device could power the 'Internet of Things'

The "Internet of Things" could make cities "smarter" by connecting an extensive network of tiny communications devices to make life more efficient. But all these machines will require a lot of energy. Rather than adding to the global reliance on fossil fuels to power the network, researchers say they have a new solution. Show More Summary

Neuroscientists illuminate role of autism-linked gene

CAMBRIDGE, MA -- A new study from MIT neuroscientists reveals that a gene mutation associated with autism plays a critical role in the formation and maturation of synapses -- the connections that allow neurons to communicate with each...Show More Summary

Why fruit fly sperm are giant

In the animal kingdom, sperm usually are considerably smaller than eggs, which means that males can produce far more of them. Large numbers of tiny sperm can increase the probability of successful fertilization, especially when females mate with several males. Show More Summary

New concept turns battery technology upside-down

CAMBRIDGE, Mass. -- A new approach to the design of a liquid battery, using a passive, gravity-fed arrangement similar to an old-fashioned hourglass, could offer great advantages due to the system's low cost and the simplicity of its design and operation, says a team of MIT researchers who have made a demonstration version of the new battery. read more

Women cooking with biomass fuels more likely to have cataracts

Women in India who cook using fuels such as wood, crop residues and dried dung instead of cleaner fuels are more likely to have visually impairing nuclear cataracts¹, according to a new study published in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives. read more

Investigating how 'chemo brain' develops in cancer patients

During and after chemotherapy, many cancer patients describe feeling a mental fog, a condition that has been dubbed "chemo brain." Why this happens is unclear, but researchers have found a new clue to understanding this syndrome. A study...Show More Summary

Is aging inevitable? Not necessarily for sea urchins

BAR HARBOR, MAINE -- Sea urchins are remarkable organisms. They can quickly regrow damaged spines and feet. Some species also live to extraordinary old ages and -- even more remarkably -- do so with no signs of poor health, such as a decline in regenerative capacity or an increase in age-related mortality. Show More Summary

Forget peacock tails, fruit fly sperm tails are the most extreme ornaments

When it comes to mating, male animals show off the flashiest of ornaments to convince females of their suitability. A peacock's ornate tail may be the best-known example of a mate-attracting ornament, but a new study finds that peacock tails have nothing on a tail of another kind. Sperm tails in fruit flies are the most extreme ornament ever described. read more

Following tricky triclosan

Most U.S. homes are full of familiar household products with an ingredient that fights bacteria: triclosan. Triclosan seems to be everywhere. When we wash our hands, brush our teeth, or do our laundry, we are likely putting triclosan into our water sources. read more

Close encounters of a tidal kind could lead to cracks on icy moons

A new model developed by University of Rochester researchers could offer a new explanation as to how cracks on icy moons, such as Pluto's Charon, formed. Until now, it was thought that the cracks were the result of geodynamical processes,...Show More Summary

40-year math mystery and 4 generations of figuring

This may sound like a familiar kind of riddle: How many brilliant mathematicians does it take to come up with and prove the Kelmans-Seymour Conjecture? But the answer is no joke, because arriving at it took mental toil that spanned four...Show More Summary

Scripps Florida scientists show commonly prescribed painkiller slows cancer growth

JUPITER, FL - May 25, 2016 - Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have found that one of the most widely prescribed pain and anti-inflammation drugs slows the growth rate of a specific kind of cancer...Show More Summary

Saving Nemo: Bleaching threatens clownfish

Clownfish became a household name over a decade ago when Disney released the movie "Finding Nemo." Found exclusively in the Indo-Pacific, clownfish are symbiotic animals that only live in sea anemones, a close relative of corals that don't have a hard outer shell. Show More Summary

Humiliation from stares are worse than tiny seats for obese air travelers -- new study

BEER-SHEVA, Israel... May 25, 2016 - Feelings of shame and humiliation bother obese air passengers more than tight seat belts and tiny seats, according to a study published by Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) researchers. Participants...Show More Summary

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