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Interactive tool offers window intohHistory of Arab-Americans in NYC

(North Carolina State University) Researchers are unveiling an interactive site that allows scholars and the public to better understand the long history of Syrian and Lebanese immigrants to the United States. Focused on New York City in the early 20th century, the tool highlights the growth of Arab-American communities in the city and their integration into American life.

How the shape and size of your face relates to your sexuality

(Springer) Men and women with shorter, wider faces tend to be more sexually motivated and to have a stronger sex drive than those with faces of other dimensions. These are the findings from a study led by Steven Arnocky of Nipissing University in Canada. Show More Summary

Contribution of opioid-related deaths to the change in life expectancy in the US

(The JAMA Network Journals) Between 2000 and 2015 in the US, life expectancy increased overall but drug-poisoning deaths, mostly related to opioids, contributed to reducing life expectancy, according to a study published by JAMA.

Supercontinuum lasers can lead to better bread and beer

Technologically, the supercontinuum laser has undergone extensive development since the turn of the century due to the development of the photonic crystal fibres on which the laser is based. The project Light & Food (see the facts below) investigates, among other things, how to use this super-powerful laser to analyse food.

The brain at work: Spotting half-hidden objects

How does a driver's brain realize that a stop sign is behind a bush when only a red edge is showing? Or how can a monkey suspect that the yellow sliver in the leaves is a round piece of fruit? The human (and non-human) primate brain is remarkable in recognizing objects when the view is nearly blocked. Show More Summary

Scientists discover genetic markers for severe form of multiple sclerosis

Scientists have uncovered two related cytokines and associated genetic markers that may explain why some people develop progressive multiple sclerosis, or MS. The study, led by researchers at OHSU in Portland, Oregon, and Yale University,...Show More Summary

Weighing nonsurgical treatment options for knee osteoarthritis pain

ROSEMONT, Ill. (Sept. 19, 2017) -- Osteoarthritis (OA) is a progressive "wear and tear" disease of the joint. Osteoarthritis of the knee (knee OA) may not be totally preventable but according to Elizabeth Matzkin, MD, an orthopaedicShow More Summary

Molecular motors: Slowing the clockwork

(Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München) Progress on the way to smart nanomachines: Chemists of Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich have modified the synthesis of a molecular motor so as to reduce the speed of its light-driven rotation, thus permitting the researchers to analyze the mechanism of motion in complete detail.

Fluorescence microscopy on a chip -- no lenses required

(American Institute of Physics) Fluorescence microscopy gives researchers power to illuminate the tiniest structures and capture the real-time activities of cells by tagging biological molecules with a rainbow of fluorescent dyes. Researchers...Show More Summary

Cell-based therapy success could be boosted by new antioxidant

(University of Edinburgh) Cell therapies being developed to treat a range of conditions could be improved by a chemical compound that aids their survival, research from the University of Edinburgh suggests. Lab tests found that the man-made...Show More Summary

Nonlinear physics bridges thoughts to sounds in birdsong

(American Institute of Physics) Physicist Gabriel Mindlin has been looking at the phenomena from what is one of the most unifying and potentially enlightening perspectives of the issue: the dynamical physics of birds' vocal organs. In...Show More Summary

NASA Astrobiologists --"Life On Saturn's Enceladus and Alien Bodies May Have Exotic Molecular Structures" (WATCH Video)

NASA astrobiologists say that we must recognize that life on Enceladus or other alien bodies may have originated by a process very different from the process by which life emerged on Earth. Alternatively, alien life may have originated in the...        

The Sky This Week - Thursday September 21 to Thursday September 28

18 minutes agoAcademics / Astronomy : Astroblog

The First Quarter Moon is Thursday, September 28. Jupiter and the bright star Spica are nearby in the late twilight sky. The thin crescent Moon is close to Jupiter on the 22nd. Earth is at spring equinox on the 23rd. Saturn is visible all evening in the heart of the Milky Way and is close to the Moon on the 26th and 27th. Show More Summary

I Hear You, Matt Damon

In school choice circles, a lot of people don’t much care for actor Matt Damon, at least his education politics. (I’m not sure where they stand on The Bourne Identity or Stuck on You.) Damon—son of education professor Nancy Carlsson-Paige—has...Show More Summary

Shaken baby syndrome is not definitive proof of child abuse

While a debate over the medical diagnosis of shaken baby syndrome rages on, one thing is clear: it is no longer proof of child abuse, says Deborah Tuerkheimer

Nonlinear physics bridges thoughts to sounds in birdsong

The beautiful sound of birdsongs emerging from the trees is a wonderful example of how much nature can still teach us, even as much about their origins are still mysterious to us. About 40 percent of bird species learn to vocalize when they are exposed to a tutor, a behavior of interest to many neurologists and neurobiologists. Show More Summary

New biomaterial could replace plastic laminates, greatly reduce pollution

An inexpensive biomaterial that can be used to sustainably replace plastic barrier coatings in packaging and many other applications has been developed by Penn State researchers, who predict its adoption would greatly reduce polluti...

Fabric made from VTT's recycled fiber feels half way between cotton and viscose

(VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland) The method develop at VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland involves dissolving worn and discarded cotton and using it as a raw material for new fiber.

Scientists from Russia and Germany implement a closed cycle algae processing mechanism

(Peter the Great Saint-Petersburg Polytechnic University) A unique cycle of processing algae into valuable materials and its residual biomass into sorbents for water purification with biogas generation was proposed by scientists of Peter the Great St. Show More Summary

Cost effective quantum moves a step closer

(IOP Publishing) Canadian and US researchers have taken an important step towards enabling quantum networks to be cost-effective and truly secure from attack.The experiments, by the team from the University of Calgary, the California...Show More Summary

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