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Fetal surgery stands to advance from new glues inspired by mussels

University of California, Berkeley engineer Phillip Messersmith is happy to be learning lessons from a lowly mollusk, with the expectation that the knowledge gained will enable him and fellow physicians to prevent deaths among their youngest patients -- those who haven't been born yet. read more

Twisting and turning to target antibiotic resistance

Researchers are getting closer to understanding how some natural antibiotics work so they can develop drugs that mimic them. A recent review commissioned by the British government reported that, "without policies to stop the worrying...Show More Summary

Treating diseases at their origin

The protein STAT3 plays an important role in cell proliferation, survival and migration, making it an important modulator in inflammatory and malignant diseases. Mutations to the gene that signals its production can lead to a variety of diseases, including cancers and autoimmune disorders such as lymphoma, leukaemia, and childhood-onset autoimmunity. Show More Summary

Seaweeds get sick too when they're stressed

A variety of normally harmless bacteria can cause bleaching disease in seaweeds when the seaweeds become stressed by high water temperatures, UNSW Australia researchers have discovered. Seaweeds are the "trees" of the ocean, providing...Show More Summary

Why 'Never Trump' Conservatives are Wrong about Trump

An excellent, balanced, piece by Charles Kesler. Charles R. Kesler is a professor of government at Claremont McKenna College and editor of the Claremont Review of Books.

Researchers identify human fingerprint on Indo-Pacific warm pool growth

The Indo-Pacific warm pool (IPWP), Earth's largest region of warm sea surface temperatures (SSTs), has the highest rainfall and is fundamental to global atmospheric circulation and the hydrological cycle. The IPWP has experienced substantial warming and growth during the past century. Show More Summary

Iowa State researchers describe copper-induced misfolding of prion proteins

AMES, Iowa - Iowa State University researchers have described with single-molecule precision how copper ions cause prion proteins to misfold and seed the misfolding and clumping of nearby prion proteins. The researchers also found the copper-induced misfolding and clumping is associated with inflammation and damage to nerve cells in brain tissue from a mouse model. read more

E. coli: The ideal transport for next-gen vaccines?

BUFFALO, N.Y. - Most people recoil at the thought of ingesting E. coli. But what if the headline-grabbing bacteria could be used to fight disease? Researchers experimenting with harmless strains of E. coli - yes, the majority of E. coli are safe and important to healthy human digestion - are working toward that goal. Show More Summary

Are we giving up on cardiac arrest patients too soon?

TUCSON, Ariz. - Physicians may be drawing conclusions too soon about survival outcomes of patients who suffered a cardiac arrest outside the hospital. read more

Study reveals reasons for delays in early autism diagnoses in Australia

Brisbane, Australia: A new study has found many Australian children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) may not be diagnosed until long after initial signs appear, prompting calls for improvements to the diagnostic process. Researchers...Show More Summary

Pyridine based antitumor compounds acting at the colchicine site

Tubulin inhibitors are amongst the most successful anti-cancer, anti-parasitic and herbicidal agents. Their vascular disrupting activity has recently attracted research focus as it elicits anti-cancer effects at doses well below that of other toxic agents. Show More Summary

New method provides better information on gene expression

Scientists at Karolinska Institutet and the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) in Sweden have devised a new high-resolution method for studying which genes are active in a tissue. The method can be used on all types of tissue and is valuable to both preclinical research and cancer diagnostics. The results are published in the journal Science. read more

The discovery of a totally new kind of 'mark' in human cell nucleus

A Japanese research group verified the presence of a protein modification that is a unique mark in human cell nucleus. This protein modification, Histone H4 lysine 20 acetylation (H4K20ac), was only discovered in plant cells and its existence in mammalian cells has been indirectly proven. Show More Summary

Prenatal exposure to paracetamol may increase autism spectrum symptoms

A new study has found that paracetamol (acetaminophen), which is used extensively during pregnancy, has a strong association with autism spectrum symptoms in boys and for both genders in relation to attention-related and hyperactivity symptoms. read more

3-D paper-based microbial fuel cell operating under continuous flow condition

A team of researchers from the Iowa State University in Ames, IA has demonstrated a proof-of-concept three-dimensional paper-based microbial fuel cell (MFC) that could take advantage of capillary action to guide the liquids through the MFC system and to eliminate the need for external power. Their report appears in the forthcoming issue of the journal TECHNOLOGY. read more

Zika virus research at Biosecurity Research Institute aims to control, fight mosquitoes

MANHATTAN, KANSAS -- Kansas State University is helping the fight against Zika virus through mosquito research. The university's Biosecurity Research Institute is taking a two-part approach: Researchers are studying mosquitoes to understand how they become infected with Zika virus and researchers are providing the virus to collaborative organizations for further study. read more

Women's connections in extreme networks

CORAL GABLES, Fla. (July 5, 2016) - A team of researchers at the University of Miami who examined the role of women in extreme networks or organizations, such as terrorist groups dispelled the common assumption that women are lured into these dangerous environments solely to offer support while men are recruited and tend to be the key players. Show More Summary

Decoding the complete genome of the Mediterranean's most emblematic tree: The olive

The olive was one of the first trees to be domesticated in the history of mankind, probably some 6,000 years ago. A Mediterranean emblem par excellence, it is of vital importance to the Spanish and other regional economies (Italy, Greece and Portugal). Show More Summary

Individual mycobacteria respond differently to antibiotics based on growth and timing

BOSTON (July 1, 2016) -- Tuberculosis is one of the most common infectious diseases in the world, infecting almost 10 million people each year. Treating the disease can be challenging and requires a combination of multiple antibiotics delivered over several months. Show More Summary

Black, Hispanic drivers stopped most often, white drivers most likely to have contraband

A new study analyzing traffic stops in Vermont shows that black and Hispanic drivers are pulled over, searched and arrested far more often than whites, yet white drivers are more likely to be carrying illegal contraband. read more

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