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Counseling has limited benefit on young people drinking alcohol, study suggests

Counseling techniques used to help young people with drinking problems may be of limited benefit, a new study suggests. Researchers found that an approach known as motivational interviewing did not substantially reduce drinking or alter alcohol-related behavior.

Models to study polyelectrolytes developed, including DNA and RNA

A novel and versatile modeling strategy has been developed to simulate polyelectrolyte systems. The model has applications for creating new materials as well as for studying polyelectrolytes, including DNA and RNA. Polyelectrolytes are chains of molecules that are positively or negatively charged when placed in water. Show More Summary

New ant species evolved within the nest of its relatives

And they may only occupy a single stand of trees, conveniently located on campus.

Does your computer know how you're feeling?

Researchers have designed a computer program that can accurately recognize users’ emotional states as much as 87% of the time, depending on the emotion. The study combined -- for the first time -- two established ways of detecting user emotions: keystroke dynamics and text-pattern analysis.

Ibuprofen posing potential threat to fish, researchers say

Many rivers contain levels of ibuprofen that could be adversely affecting fish health, researchers report. In what is believed to be the first study to establish the level of risk posed by ibuprofen at the country scale, the researchers examined 3,112 stretches of river which together receive inputs from 21 million people.

For secure software: X-rays instead of passport control

Trust is good, control is better. This also applies to the security of computer programs. Instead of trusting “identification documents” in the form of certificates, JOANA, the new software analysis tool, examines the source text (code) of a program. Show More Summary

Clues to role of magnetism in iron-based superconductors uncovered

New measurements of atomic-scale magnetic behavior in iron-based superconductors are challenging conventional wisdom about superconductivity and magnetism.

Important clue found for potential treatments for absence seizures

A group of researchers has succeeded in revealing a principle mechanism of a neural network in the human brain, which will provide an important clue to potential treatments for absence seizures. Absence seizures are believed to be elicited by T-type calcium channels in the thalamic reticular nucleus of the brain that regulate influxes of calcium. Show More Summary

Culture at Risk: The Global Crisis of Cultural Racketeering

The Antiquities Coalition have a thought (and anger) - provoking infographic on the scale of the problem of cultural racketeering in eight countries (Egypt, Libya, Syria, China, Cambodia, Peru, Guatemala, Mexico). I'm sure I'm not the only one who'd like to see some sources for the figures presented as facts there. Show More Summary

Ice cream goes Southern, okra extracts may increase shelf-life

CHICAGO -- While okra has been widely used as a vegetable for soups and stews, a new study in the Journal of Food Science, published by the Institute of Food Technologists (IFT), shows how okra extracts can be used as a stabilizer in ice cream. read more

ADHD children make poor decisions due to less differentiated learning processes

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common psychiatric disorders among school children. Pupils with ADHD often make poorer decisions than their unaffected classmates. Researchers have now discovered that different learning and decision-making mechanisms are responsible for these behaviors, and localized the underlying impairments in the brain.

Novel pathway for prevention of heart attack, stroke

A recent study could pave the way for preventing brain and cardiac ischemia induced by atherosclerosis. Finnish researchers have found that the low-expression variant of fatty acid-binding protein 4 (FABP4), which is particularly common among Finns, reduces the risk of heart attack and stroke. Show More Summary

Tidal Dissipation and Enceladus' Observed Heat Flow

Tidal dissipation in the oceans of icy satellitesAuthor:Matsuyama Abstract:Dissipation of tidal energy is an important mechanism for the evolution of outer Solar System satellites, several of which are likely to contain subsurface oceans. Show More Summary

Questioning the use of acute hemodialysis treatment

A common approach to treating kidney failure by removing waste products from the blood did not improve survival chances for people who suddenly developed the condition, an analysis concludes. The findings suggest acute hemodialysis, an aggressive method that is commonly used for people with sudden kidney failure, may not provide a definitive benefit to the patient.

Climate Craziness of the Week: Lowbrow science schtick for the Florida Governor

From the you have to see this to believe it department. Dr. Ryan Maue brings attention to this ridiculous photo op outside the Florida Governor Rick Scott‘s office by an activist outfit called NextGenClimate. Unfortunately, @NextGenClimate campaign against @FLGovScott is … Continue reading ?

Large gaps between consecutive prime numbers

Kevin Ford, Ben Green, Sergei Konyagin, and myself have just posted to the arXiv our preprint “Large gaps between consecutive prime numbers“. This paper concerns the “opposite” problem to that considered by the recently concluded Polymath8 project, which was concerned with very small values of the prime gap. Here, we wish to consider the […]

Rülzheim Tekkie could be facing Jail Time

Not surprisingly, a 23-year-old man who unearthed treasure in a forest near Rülzheim in Rhineland-Palatinate with a metal detector is now facing embezzlement charges after trying to appropriate the objects and sell them in February.Show More Summary

Losing weight lowers health care costs for adults with type 2 diabetes

WINSTON-SALEM, N.C. – Aug. 21, 2014 – Overweight individuals with diabetes who lose weight by dieting and increasing their physical activity can reduce their health care costs by an average of more than $500 per year, according to a new study. read more

ORNL scientists uncover clues to role of magnetism in iron-based superconductors

OAK RIDGE, Tenn., Aug. 21, 2014—New measurements of atomic-scale magnetic behavior in iron-based superconductors by researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Vanderbilt University are challenging conventional...Show More Summary

Bloomsbury Countdown:

Come on, Bloomsbury, come on, you can do it.... PAS Countdown continues today: 995,517 objects within 629,220 records recorded (110 records up on yesterday), but..... more than eleven million probably missing.

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