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Chimpanzees learn rock-paper-scissors

(Kyoto University) Chimpanzees of all ages and all sexes can learn the simple circular relationship between the three different hand signals used in the well-known game rock-paper-scissors.

mal waldron review at the nation

The Nation continues to be an excellent source of commentary on jazz. From a new article by Adam Shatz about the pianist Mal Waldron: Waldron’s style is invariably described as “brooding”—almost all of his pieces are in a minor key—but it could also be described as analytical. Most jazz pianists work to create an effect […]

11 minutes of mindfulness training helps drinkers cut back

(University College London) Brief training in mindfulness strategies could help heavy drinkers start to cut back on alcohol consumption, finds a new UCL study published in the International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology.

Death rates from rheumatic heart disease falling since 1990

(Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation) The risk of dying from rheumatic heart disease, a condition of damaged heart valves caused by bacterial infection that leads to rheumatic fever, has dropped around the world over the last 25 years, according to a new scientific study published today in The New England Journal of Medicine.

what’s love got to do with it (sociology, that is)

“My conclusion became my calling: that justice is what love looks like in public, just as deep democracy is what justice looks like in practice. When you love people, you hate the fact that they’re being treated unjustly. Justice is not simply an abstract concept to regulate institutions, but also a fire in the bones […]

Building an inclusive community of scholars through mentoring and research

(University of Massachusetts at Amherst) Two longtime advocates of broadening science education, UMass Amherst biologist Margaret Riley and education professor Elizabeth McEneaney, have received a three-year, $987,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to continue their efforts to increase student participation and success in STEM careers and research.

Low-Income extraverts spend more on status than introverted peers

(Association for Psychological Science) The types of goods and services that low-income individuals buy may depend, at least in part, on their personality traits, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

More education linked to better cognitive functioning later in life

(Lumosity) New research from the University of California, Berkeley, analyzed the performance of around 196,000 Lumosity subscribers to quantify the cumulative effect of attending school on cognition, finding that more education is linked to better cognitive functioning later in life.

A tale of how imagination came to be loses sight of the evidence

Author Stephen Asma knows how to improvise, but The Evolution of Imagination begs the question: what can unbridled thought bring to science?

Labor market effects of trade liberalization

(Carnegie Mellon University) A new study on the Brazilian labor market found that workers in regions with industries facing increased competition from imports experienced a steady decrease in earnings over time in comparison to other regions.

Repetition, Context, Meaning

August 23, 2017 Posted by Jay Livingston “Barcelona” is a tender and amusing song in the second act of Stephen Sondheim’s “Company.” I saw a production of the show last night at the Barrington Stage Company in Pittsfield, Massachusetts.It’s early morning, Bobby’s apartment. Show More Summary

Is MRI needed in children with a sports-related concussion?

(Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News) A new study reviewed more than five years of records of pediatric patients treated for sports concussion, the most common form of traumatic brain injury (TBI) among children, to determine if magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed structural changes to the brain that may be related to persistent symptoms.

Smokers in clinical studies who say they've quit often haven't

(Society for the Study of Addiction) A new US study published by the scientific journal Addiction has found that a high proportion of smokers enrolled in stop-smoking programs during a hospital stay report having quit when in fact they have not. The findings mean that in these kinds of study it is vital to check claims of having quit using an objective measure.

Antipsychotics common for adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities

(Centre for Addiction and Mental Health) Antipsychotic medication is frequently being prescribed to individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities, often without a psychiatric diagnosis, a new study conducted by the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health and Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences has found.

Study of homeless finds women at disadvantage for accessing disability benefits

(North Carolina State University) A recent study of homeless adults finds that women are at a significant disadvantage compared to men when it comes to accessing disability benefits. The study also finds that medical records are key to accessing disability benefits, which poses a problem for many homeless adults.

Comparing food allergies: Animals and humans may have more in common than you think

(University of Veterinary Medicine -- Vienna) Not only people, but mammals like cats, dogs and horses suffer from symptoms and problems of food intolerance and allergies. The Messerli Research Institute of Vetmeduni and Meduni Vienna, now condensed the knowledge about human and animal food allergies and intolerance into a new European position paper. Show More Summary

Researchers link high levels of 'good' cholesterol with excessive mortality

(University of Copenhagen The Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences) In striking contrast to the general perception, researchers from the University of Copenhagen have shown in a new study that people with extremely high levels of HDL...Show More Summary

Children with fragile X syndrome have a bias toward threatening emotion

(Elsevier) Anxiety occurs at high rates in children with fragile X syndrome (FXS), the most common form of inherited intellectual disability. Children with co-occurring anxiety tend to fare worse, but it can be hard to identify in infants. Show More Summary

Psychotic disorders and obesity: New report shows big waistlines are to blame

(Florida Atlantic University) A number of factors, including obesity, shorten the lifespan for those with schizophrenia by 20 years and by 10 years for those with bipolar disorder compared to the general population. In the first study...Show More Summary

New use of blood cleaning device saves high-risk patients with liver failure

(University of Maryland Medical Center) University of Maryland School of Medicine researchers report that a device that removes toxins from the blood can also effectively provide a bridge to liver transplantation or buy time for a traumatically injured liver to heal, suggesting broader uses for the device than previously thought.

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