Blog Profile / ScienceDaily: Science Society

Filed Under:Academics / General Science
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Archived Since:September 10, 2008

Blog Post Archive

Congo's miners often resort to hunting wildlife for food, study finds

Mining for valuable minerals in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is a major driving factor in the illegal hunting of great apes and other wildlife for food, a new study has found. Authors of the new report recommend strengthening...Show More Summary

Concrete for taller wind turbine towers passes tests, could help expand wind energy nationwide

An 18-month, $1 million study of concrete technology for taller wind turbine towers has just wrapped up, with results indicating that the taller towers could enable wind energy production in all 50 states.

Sorting out HIV: Research collaboration devises a new method that could speed up vaccine development for HIV

A new technique for rapidly sorting HIV viruses has now been created, which could lead to more rapid development of a vaccine for HIV, say experts. The technique will enable scientists to identify specific features in the proteins on...Show More Summary

Where rivers meet the sea: Harnessing energy generated when freshwater meets saltwater

A new hybrid technology has been created that produces unprecedented amounts of electrical power where seawater and freshwater combine at the coast.

Targeted conservation could protect more of Earth's biodiversity

Major gains in global biodiversity can be achieved if an additional 5 percent of land is set aside to protect key species, say experts. Scientists report such an effort could triple the protected range of those species and safeguard their functional diversity. Show More Summary

Fighting forgery with paper fingerprints

A cyber team has found a simple new way to prevent forgery of official documents such as certificates and passports. Fingerprinting official documents could provide a cost-effective way to prevent forgery, they say.

Balancing rights and responsibilities in insurers' access to genetic test results

Researchers have compared the regulation of life insurers' use of genetic information in the UK, Canada, and Australia.

The perils of publishing location data for endangered species

While the increasing accessibility of data from scientific studies creates many benefits -- and represents a process that should be broadly embraced -- in the context of conserving endangered species it can actually be problematic, experts say.

Countries most affected by weather disasters do not spend more on weather services

Countries hit hardest by weather-related disasters do not necessarily spend more on commercial weather and climate information services that assist in preparing for these events, a new study finds. Identifying countries for which this...Show More Summary

Government transparency limited when it comes to America's conserved private lands

A new study examined why private-land conservation data is sometimes inaccessible and found that limited capacity within some federal agencies as well as laws prohibiting others from disclosing certain information are to blame.

US nuclear regulators greatly underestimate potential for nuclear disaster

The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission relied on faulty analysis to justify its refusal to adopt a critical measure for protecting Americans from nuclear-waste fires at dozens of reactor sites around the country, according to a recent article. Radioactivity from such a fire could force approximately 8 million people to relocate and result in $2 trillion in damages.

Population only part of tornado casualty story

The strength of a tornado has a significantly larger effect than population on the number of casualties, new research concludes.

Volunteers help find star that exploded 970 million years ago, predating the dinosaurs

Online volunteers have helped astronomers find a star that exploded 970 million years ago, predating the dinosaurs' time on Earth.

Natural gas facilities with no carbon dioxide emissions

How can we burn natural gas without releasing carbon dioxide (CO2) into the air? This feat is achieved using a special combustion method: chemical looping combustion (CLC). In this process, CO2 can be isolated during combustion without having to use any additional energy, which means it can then go on to be stored. This prevents it from being released into the atmosphere.

Fuel from the air technology provides a path to new business for OPEC countries

Pioneering technology makes OPEC countries prime regions to produce synthetic fuels. This could be a key asset in phasing out fossil fuels after the Paris Agreement, while also keeping some of the existing oil industry value chain intact.

Nanoalloys ten times as effective as pure platinum in fuel cells

A new type of nanocatalyst can result in the long-awaited commercial breakthrough for fuel cell cars. Research results show that it is possible to significantly reduce the need for platinum, a precious and rare metal, by creating a nanoalloy using a new production technique. The technology is also well suited for mass production.

Increasing aridity and land-use overlap have potential to cause social and economic conflict in dryland areas

Drylands are of environmental concern because broad-scale changes in these systems have the potential to affect 36 percent of the world's human population, suggests new research.

Carcinogenic soot particles from petrol engines

First, diesel vehicles tainted their reputation with soot particles, then high nitric oxide emissions. So are owners of new gasoline cars environmentally friendly? Not always, says a new study scientists, some direct-injection gasoline engines emit just as many soot particles as unfiltered diesel cars did in the past. Particle filters can remedy this.

Pope's encyclical boosted his credibility on climate change, especially among liberals

The Pope's 2015 encyclical on climate change did not directly influence people's beliefs about the seriousness of climate change or its effect on the poor, a study has found. The papal message did, however, indirectly influence people's beliefs about climate change by raising the Pope's credibility on that issue, most strongly among liberals.

The competition between airlines and high-speed trains

Researchers have developed a model to optimize the decision making of airlines against their competitors.

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