Blog Profile / ScienceDaily: Science Society

Filed Under:Academics / General Science
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Archived Since:September 10, 2008

Blog Post Archive

Forest degradation in the tropics

Village communities in the tropical regions of Africa, Asia and South America have not been using local forest resources as sustainably as is often assumed. According to the study, in 90 percent of the 233 villages analyzed at least one forest product such as firewood, timber, food or animal feed has declined over five years.

Racial, ethnic, gender bias occurs in pathway from teacher to principal

Race and sex still matter when public school teachers seek to become principals, a new study has found.

Using Google to map our ecosystem

Researchers have developed a method to quantify ecosystem services of street trees. Using nearly 100,000 images from Google Street View, the study helps further understanding on how green spaces contribute to urban sustainability.

Calculating recharge of groundwater more precisely

Current models underestimate role of subsurface heterogeneity, researchers suggest in a new article. Groundwater is a vital resource in many regions around the globe. For managing drinking water, the recharge rate is an important quantity for securing sustainable supplies.

Finer raw cotton best for oil spill remediation, collaborative research shows

Cotton, a longtime staple crop on the South Plains and major part of the region’s economy, is growing into a new sector: environmental cleanup following oil spills. Now a new study concludes that finer raw cotton in loose form performs best for absorbing oil.

Research advances energy savings for oil, gas industries

A research team has improved an important catalytic reaction commonly used in the oil and gas industries. The innovation could lead to dramatic energy savings and reduced pollution, they say.

Public may be more accepting of advocacy by climate scientists than previously thought

Research suggests that scientists may have more freedom than previously thought to engage in certain forms of climate change advocacy without risking harm to their credibility.

New standards for better water quality in Europe

The European Water Framework Directive (WFD) is due to be revised by 2019. The necessary work process is already in full swing and scientific research is providing important input. In a recent study, an international team of researchers formulated recommendations designed to improve the monitoring, assessment and management of pollutants.

In first, scientists forecast West Nile Virus outbreaks

Scientists, for the first time, are reporting a method to accurately predict the timing and intensity of West Nile Virus (WNV) outbreaks.

Science versus the 'Horatio Alger myth'

In a new study scientists have taken a condensed matter physics concept usually applied to the way substances such as ice freeze, called 'frustration,' and applied it to a simple social network model of frustrated components. They show that inequality of wealth can emerge spontaneously and more equality can be gained by pure initiative.

Farther from the forest: 'Eye-opening' study shows rural US loses forests faster than cities

Between 1990 and 2000, the average distance from any point in the United States to the nearest forest increased by 14 percent, a new study shows. The distance can present challenges for wildlife and have broad effects on ecosystems.

Average life expectancy set to increase by 2030

Average life expectancy is set to increase in many countries by 2030 – and will exceed 90 years in South Korea, according to new research.

Study to focus on pollution potential of oil and gas wastewater spread on roadways

Understanding the environmental impact of using oil and gas wastewater as a road treatment may lead to safer water resources and stricter government regulations, according to researchers.

Bringing evidence to health screening debates

Questions about health screenings -- Whether to screen? How often? At what age? At what cost? -- seem to readily breed conflicting opinions and public confusion. What's needed is rigorously produced evidence.

Global vaccine injury system needed to improve public health

A global vaccine injury compensation system administered through the World Health Organization would address the global public health issue of vaccine injuries, experts argue.

Over time, nuisance flooding can cost more than extreme, infrequent events

Global climate change is being felt in many coastal communities of the United States, not always in the form of big weather disasters but as a steady drip, drip, drip of nuisance flooding. These smaller events can actually be more expensive overall, researchers report.

Risk of Ross River virus global epidemic

Australia’s Ross River Virus (RRV) could be the next mosquito-borne global epidemic, according to a new research study.

Reduction of energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions: Promotion or steering?

Policy interventions to reduce energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions have a variety of effects on the economy and on households. A study has provided the first detailed impact assessment of the efficiency and social balance of the energy policy measures “steering” and “promotion.”

Dream of energy-collecting windows is one step closer to reality

Researchers are bringing the dream of windows that can efficiently collect solar energy one step closer to reality thanks to high tech silicon nanoparticles.

Youth more likely than adults to report seeing alcohol marketing online, pilot study finds

Underage youth are nearly twice as likely to recall seeing alcohol marketing on the internet than adults, with almost one in three saying they saw alcohol-related content in the previous month, according to a new pilot survey.

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