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Brain imaging predicts language learning in deaf children

MRI brain scans can predict language improvement after a cochlear implant, laying the foundation for creation of brain specific therapy, according to new research.

First discover the disorder and then find the patients

Biochemists have confirmed the cause of initially unclear symptoms of patients in Israel. Their studies reveal that the patients suffer from a disorder called 'MPS III-E'. It was discovered by the researchers in 2012. However, until now there were no known patients.

In scientific first, IU researchers grow hairy skin in a dish

Researchers have successfully developed a method to grow hairy skin from mouse pluripotent stem cells -- a discovery that could lead to new approaches to model disease and new therapies for the treatment of skin disorders and cancer...

Electrical stimulation in brain bypasses senses, instructs movement

The brain's complex network of neurons enables us to interpret and effortlessly navigate and interact with the world around us. But when these links are damaged due to injury or stroke, critical tasks like perception and movement can be disrupted. Show More Summary

3-D-printed prosthetic implants could improve treatment for hearing loss

Researchers using CT scans and 3-D printing have created accurate, custom-designed prosthetic replacements for damaged parts of the middle ear, according to a new study. The technique has the potential to improve a surgical procedure that often fails because of incorrectly sized prosthetic implants, researchers said.

Brain is strobing not constant, neuroscience research shows

It's not just our eyes that play tricks on us, but our ears too. That's the finding of a landmark collaboration that provides new evidence that oscillations, or 'strobes', are a general feature of human perception. While our conscious experience appears to be continuous, the study suggests that perception and attention are intrinsically rhythmic in nature.

Navigating the genome to cure deafness

A new study solves a critical piece of the puzzle of human deafness by identifying the first group of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in the auditory system.

Spider silk could be used to power microphones in hearing aids, cell phones

Would you want a spider web inside your ear? Probably not. But if you're able to put aside the creepy factor, new research shows that fine fibers like spider silk actually improve the quality of microphones for hearing aids.

Stopping children getting unnecessary antibiotics for colds, sore throats

New research has helped to reduce the over-prescription of unneeded antibiotics to children in rural China, according to research.

Preventing a form of hereditary hearing loss

A research advance may stop the progression of hearing loss and lead to significant preservation of hearing in people with Usher syndrome type III, a form of hereditary hearing loss linked to defects in the sensory "hair" cells in the inner ear. USH3 is caused by a mutation in the clarin-1 gene.

Psychologists give new insight into the nature of psychosis

Psychologists challenged common wisdom about the nature of mental illness.

Study puts different tone on hidden hearing loss theory

A recent study does not support the belief that 'hidden hearing loss' is likely to affect young adults who use headphones and attend concerts.

Study raises expectations for improved language skills in the deaf and hard-of-hearing

Universal screening of newborns for hearing loss before they leave the hospital is not enough to improve language skills of children who are deaf and hard of hearing. At least 40 percent of children with a hearing loss have the capacity for higher language levels -- beyond what test scores indicate.

Usher syndrome: Gene therapy restores hearing and balance

Scientists have recently restored hearing and balance in a mouse model of Usher syndrome type 1G characterized by profound congenital deafness and vestibular disorders caused by severe dysmorphogenesis of the mechanoelectrical transduction apparatus of the inner ear's sensory cells. Show More Summary

Scientists discover brain area which can be targeted for treatment in patients with schizophrenia who 'hear voices'

For the first time, scientists have precisely identified and targeted an area of the brain which is involved in 'hearing voices,' experienced by many patients with schizophrenia. They have been able to show in a controlled trial that targeting this area with magnetic pulses can improve the condition in some patients.

Ringing in ears keeps brain more at attention, less at rest, study finds

Tinnitus, a chronic ringing or buzzing in the ears, has eluded medical treatment and scientific understanding. A new study found that chronic tinnitus is associated with changes in certain networks in the brain, and furthermore, those changes cause the brain to stay more at attention and less at rest. Show More Summary

Age-related hearing loss, communication breakdown in the clinical setting

It was not uncommon for older adults to report mishearing a physician or nurse in a primary care or hospital setting, according to a study.

Serotonin may worsen tinnitus

Millions of people suffer from the constant sensation of ringing or buzzing in the ears known as tinnitus, creating constant irritation for some and severe anxiety for others. Research shows why a common antidepressant medication may worsen the condition.

What happens when people hear voices that others don't

People who hear voices -- both with and without a diagnosed psychotic illness -- are more sensitive than other subjects to a 125-year-old experiment designed to induce hallucinations. And the subjects' ability to learn that these hallucinations were not real may help pinpoint those in need of psychiatric treatment, suggests a new study.

Cognitive hearing aid filters out the noise

Brain activity to determine whether a subject is conversing with a specific speaker would be very useful for the hearing impaired. Using deep neural network models, researchers have made a breakthrough in auditory attention decoding methods and are coming closer to making cognitively controlled hearing aids a reality.

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