New blood and urine tests which search for damage to proteins could lead to earlier detection of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and consequently children with autism could be given appropriate treatment much earlier in their lives.Show More Summary
Increasing evidence has linked autism spectrum disorder (ASD) with dysfunction of the brain's cerebellum, but the details have been unclear. In a new study, researchers used stem cell technology to create cerebellar cells known as Purkinje cells from patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), a genetic syndrome that often includes ASD-like features.
Few research efforts have focused on interventions for adults, but a new six-year collaborative trial tested two treatments for adults with autism -- and found strong, but different, results.
Most medical conditions are largely defined by their physical symptoms. Psychiatric illnesses, however, are largely defined by a person's behavior. A new study challenges that distinction, identifying many shared -- and distinct -- patterns of gene expression in the brains of people with autism, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Show More Summary
Know someone suffering from a concussion or MTBI? Learning about neuroplasticity and reading The Ghost In My Brain might offer hope and practical insight for treatment.
It has often been claimed that humans learn language using brain components that are specifically dedicated to this purpose. Now, new evidence strongly suggests that language is in fact learned in brain systems that are also used for many other purposes and even pre-existed humans.
Scientists have looked closely at electrical activity in the brains of children with autism spectrum disorder, or ASD, and typical development, or TD, to discern differences in the respective groups' reward systems. Recent findings provide...Show More Summary
Previously, research has shown that children at risk of an autism diagnosis respond less to hearing their own name. Now, a new study shows for the first time that the brain response to hearing one’s own name is also diminished in adults with an autism diagnosis.
Rett syndrome is a devastating genetic, neurologic disorder that typically affects girls, resulting in severe disability and often accompanied by autistic behavior. Most Rett patients will live into middle age and require specialized full-time care. Show More Summary
Exposure to a compound used to treat migraines and seizures causes characteristics associated with autism, groundbreaking research with zebrafish has demonstrated.
Where does consciousness come from? Is it just within us, or is it in all life? Is it in all things?
When people see what life with my son, Jeremy, entails they often ask, “How do you do it? How do you handle raising a child so impacted by autism, besides having Rebecca?”
A new study provides the strongest evidence yet that nearly imperceptible changes in how people move can be used to diagnose neurodevelopmental disorders, including autism.
How is it that non autistic parents can hail a memoir of raising an autistic child, even as actual autistic people rise up in outrage at how hurtful and destructive the book is?
How is it that we are able -- without any noticeable effort -- to listen to a friend talk in a crowded café or follow the melody of a violin within an orchestra? Scientists have developed a new approach to how the brain singles out a specific stream of sound from other distracting sounds.
Scientists have taken the first step towards a comprehensive atlas of gene expression in cells across the developing human brain, making available new insights into how specific cells and gene networks contribute to building this most...Show More Summary
Are you born or do you become right-handed or left-handed? A study shows that hand preference is already well defined at the 18th gestational week. The predictive capacity of the method used seems a good starting point for the early recognition of pathologies characterized by cerebral asymmetries, such as depression, schizophrenia and autism spectrum disorders.
Low vitamin D levels at birth are associated with an increased risk of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) at the age of 3 years.
Using new pluripotent stem cell technology, researchers have discovered unexpected effects on calcium flux on neurons from patients with neuropsychiatric disorders carrying either fewer or extra copies of the CHRNA7 gene.
Autism typically involves the inability to read social cues. We most often associate this with visual difficulty in interpreting facial expression, but new research suggests that the sense of smell may also play a central role in autism.