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26 novel genes linked to intellectual disability

26 new genes have now been linked to intellectual disability. Currently most patients with intellectual disability receive no molecular diagnosis, which significantly affects their health and shortens their lifespan.

Mechanism that regulates acoustic habituation identified

Most people will startle when they hear an unexpected loud sound. The second time they hear the noise, they'll startle significantly less; by the third time, they'll barely startle at all. This ability is called acoustic habituation, and new research has identified the underlying molecular mechanism that controls this capability. Show More Summary

One in three teens with autism spectrum disorder receives driver's license

One in three adolescents with autism spectrum disorder acquires an intermediate driver's license, and the majority does so in their 17th year. The vast majority of teens with ASD who receive a learner's permit goes on to receive their...Show More Summary

The Controversy Around Autism and Neurodiversity

April is autism month. For some it's about acceptance. For other's its about awareness. Some want a cure and others just want to be left alone. And What about neurodiversity?

Mini brains from the petri dish

A new method could push research into developmental brain disorders an important step forward. This is shown by a recent study in which the researchers investigated the development of a rare congenital brain defect. To do so, they converted skin cells from patients into so called induced pluripotent stem cells. Show More Summary

Researchers turn urine into research tools

Researchers have developed a breakthrough technique to harvest cells directly from urine, and grow them into durable, clinically relevant stem cells to study Down syndrome.

Study finds social media course impacts online behavior in first-year medical students

A majority of first-year medical students changed their online behavior after participating in a social media and professionalism course, researchers have found. Their report highlights effective methods for teaching medical students about the importance of responsible social media use as it relates to their careers.

OTUD6B gene mutations cause intellectual and physical disability

Mutations of the OTUD6B gene result in a spectrum of physical and intellectual deficits, an international team of researchers has discovered.

New toxic pathway identified for protein aggregates in neurodegenerative disease

Scientists have identified new processes that form protein "clumps" that are characteristic of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD). How these proteins, which can bind RNA in normal cells,Show More Summary

Problematic social media use linked to brain imbalance

The impulsive act of checking Facebook while driving, in a work meeting, or at other times that could lead to negative consequences has been linked to a deficiency in the balance between two systems in the brain, find researchers.

Brain networks at rest are ready for action, researchers suggest

Brain networks at rest appear to be waiting in a state of potentiation to execute even the simplest of behaviors, report researchers.

What is innovation, and how can we awaken its dormant traits and cultivate them?

While education may not be able to create innovative traits in individuals, education may improve the ability of individuals to utilize the traits they already possess. To that end, the authors begin by defining innovation and identifying...Show More Summary

Brain is 10 times more active than previously measured

A new study could change scientists' understanding of how the brain works -- and could lead to new approaches for treating neurological disorders and for developing computers that 'think' more like humans.

Optimized sensors to study learning and memory

Scientists are working to understand how molecules send messages throughout the neuron, constantly working to develop high-resolution imaging techniques to visualize the activity and location of the molecules involved in the process. This...Show More Summary

Social phobia: Indication of a genetic cause

People with social anxiety avoid situations in which they are exposed to judgment by others. Those affected also lead a withdrawn life. Researchers have now found evidence for a gene that is believed to be linked to the illness. It encodes a serotonin transporter in the brain. Interestingly, this messenger suppresses feelings of anxiety and depressiveness.

New software allows for 'decoding digital brain data'

New software allows for 'decoding digital brain data' to reveal how neural activity gives rise to learning, memory and other cognitive functions. The software can be used in real time during an fMRI brain scan.

New insights into the information processing of motor neurons

Scientists are working to understand how neurons in the cerebellum, a region in the back of the brain that controls movement, interact with each other. The team showed that a form of short-term neuronal plasticity known as analog-to-digital...Show More Summary

Nationwide teen bullying and cyberbullying study reveals significant issues impacting youth

In one of the latest and most ambitious studies on bullying and cyberbullying in middle and high school students, researchers found that 1 in 5 students said that they had been threatened with a weapon at school, 73 percent of students...Show More Summary

Human brain processes critical to short-term memory

Neuroscientists have uncovered processes involved in how the human brain creates and maintains short-term memories. This study is the first clear demonstration of precisely how human brain cells work to create and recall short-term memories.

Nodding syndrome caused by response to parasitic protein, international study suggests

New clues to the link between Nodding syndrome, a devastating form of pediatric epilepsy found in specific areas of east Africa, and a parasitic worm that can cause river blindness have now been uncovered by researchers. The study suggests that the mysterious neurological disease may be caused by an autoimmune response to the parasitic proteins.

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