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Higher dose of vitamin D increases bone density in premature babies, study finds

If the standard supplementation of 400 IUs of vitamin D is increased to 800 IUs daily there are reductions in the number of premature and preterm babies with extremely low bone density, new research has found.

New congenital heart disease genes uncovered

A new study has helped shed new light on some of the underlying genetic causes of cases of CHD as well as the long-term outlook for patients who carry these mutations.

A candidate genetic factor for effects of prenatal alcohol exposure has been found

Researchers have found a genetic variation, which associates with the damage caused by maternal alcohol consumption. This genetic variation clarifies the role of genetic factors in the alcohol-induced developmental disorders and could be useful in future diagnostics.

Newborns with congenital heart disease show signs of brain impairment even before cardiac surgery

Using a novel imaging technique, researchers demonstrate for the first time that the brains of high-risk infants with congenital heart disease already show signs of functional impairment even before they undergo corrective open heart surgery.

Key component of respiratory center identified

Star-shaped cells called astrocytes are much more than simple support cells in the brain. In a new study on mice, researchers demonstrate that they also play a key part in the respiratory center of the brainstem and release inflammatory molecules that regulate breathing. Show More Summary

Bioengineering as viable alternative to open fetal repair for spina bifida, research proves

Researchers have discovered a promising alternative to open fetal surgery for spina bifida repair. The team has developed an alternative approach to current in utero treatment for spina bifida: a minimally-invasive repair using a bioengineered...Show More Summary

Why Zika became more dangerous: Discovery offers clues

Virus with a certain sugar in its protein envelope more readily passes to the brain in infected mice, causing inflammation and death.

Study links neighborhood affluence, positive birth outcomes

It’s not uncommon for new parents to relocate in search of neighborhoods with better schools, safer streets and healthier, more kid-friendly activities. But a new study has found that living in such neighborhoods before a baby is born protects against the risks of poor birth outcomes.

Radical research raises hopes for eye disease treatment for premature babies

Ground-breaking research has demonstrated the previously unknown existence of a disease-fighting immune cell in the eye and points to potential novel ways of treating eye disorders in premature babies and diabetic adults.

Influence of C-section, formula feeding and antibiotics on infant gut microbiome

Researchers characterize the combined influence of cesarean delivery, antibiotic treatment, and formula feeding on the development of gut microbiota in infants.

Iron supplements have long-term benefits for low birth-weight babies

Babies classified as low birth weight (under 2,500 grams) are at risk of iron deficiency, which is linked to impaired neurological development. A long-term randomized study now shows that providing such babies with iron supplements can prevent behavioral problems at school age.

Babies can learn that hard work pays off

A new study reveals babies as young as 15 months can learn the value of hard work. Researchers found babies who watched an adult struggle to reach two different goals before succeeding tried harder at their own difficult task than babies who saw an adult succeed effortlessly.

Parents: How you manage conflict has an impact on your kids

It's not always bad for children to be exposed to their parents' disagreements. It's how those disagreements are handled that really matters, according to a new study.

Potential Zika vaccine protects against pregnancy transmission and testicular damage

For the first time, a research team led has shown that a potential Zika vaccine quickly can protect fetuses against infection as well as protect males against testicular infection and injury. It also prevents a lowered sperm count after one vaccination.

Agent Orange still linked to hormone imbalances in babies in Vietnam

Could herbicides that were sprayed during the Vietnam War still be causing health problems?

Preterm children have more medical sleep problems but fall asleep more independently

A new study suggests that while healthy preterm children have more medical sleep problems than full-term children, they are more likely to fall asleep independently.

Premature births cost health plans $6 billion annually

A new study estimates employer-sponsored health plans spent at least $6 billion extra on infants born prematurely in 2013 and a substantial portion of that sum was spent on infants with major birth defects.

Oxidative stress produces damage linked with increased risk of preterm birth

A group of scientists has gained new insights into what factors can lead to preterm birth. The researchers sought to understand what leads to early microfractures and focused on oxidative stress.

Infection in pregnant pigs leads to antisocial piglets

When a pregnant woman gets a bad case of the flu, her immune system may react in a way that affects her baby’s developing brain, which could lead to behavioral disorders like autism in the child or schizophrenia in the young adult. The link is well established in humans, which is one reason it’s standard practice to get a flu shot during pregnancy. Show More Summary

Infants with congenital Zika virus syndrome suffer serious visual impairment

There is a broad collection of anomalies now known as congenital Zika syndrome (CZS). Some of the most serious are ophthalmologic. Two articles evaluated visual function among infants with suspected and confirmed CZS. Both studies found...Show More Summary

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