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Fathers' brains respond differently to daughters than sons

Fathers with toddler daughters are more attentive and responsive to those daughters' needs than fathers with toddler sons are to the needs of those sons, according to brain scans and recordings of the parents' daily interactions with their kids.

Look at Eva, 4 months old and standing

Both the literature and practice indicate that children can stand without support starting at around 9 months old. Yet, with practice, children can stand without support even before they are 4 months old. This is much earlier than has been reported in the literature.

Mindfulness-focused childbirth education leads to less depression

A new study shows mindfulness training that addresses fear and pain during childbirth can improve women's childbirth experiences and reduce their depression symptoms during pregnancy and the early postpartum period.

Making biological drugs with spider silk protein

Researchers have managed to synthesize lung surfactant, a drug used in the care of preterm babies, by mimicking the production of spider silk. Animal studies reveal it to be just as effective as the biological drugs currently in clinical use.

Extreme preterm infant death or disease may be predicted by biomarker

Tests of cells collected from the umbilical cord blood vessel walls at birth can predict death or poor pulmonary outcomes in extremely preterm infants.

Baby boxes, sleep education reduced bed-sharing in first week of infancy

Bed-sharing, the unsafe practice in which parents sleep in the same bed as their babies, is associated with sleep-related deaths in infants, including sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and accidental suffocation and strangulation in bed. Show More Summary

Encouraging trend in infant mortality

Eighteen states are on track to eliminate racial disparities in infant mortality by the year 2050 if current trends hold, according to a newly published article. The study projects more than 4,000 babies a year could be saved by eliminating black-white disparities in those states.

Hormone key to brain development in fruit flies identified

Researchers using Drosophila have identified a steroid hormone that triggers a vital transition in early brain development in which neural stem cells properly change gears to produce different kinds of neurons. The research also may provide insight into maternal hypothyroidism in humans.

Dread of roses: Neurobehavioral effects found in children exposed to flower pesticides

Researchers have found altered short-term neurological behaviors in children associated with a peak pesticide spraying season linked to the Mother's Day flower harvest. This study examined children who did not work in agriculture but who lived in agricultural communities in Ecuador.

Access to long-lasting contraception after childbirth lags behind demand

Before leaving the hospital after childbirth, more women are opting to check one thing off their list: birth control. The number of women receiving immediate postpartum IUDs or implants has increased dramatically in recent years. But research shows access to such services is unequal.

Newborn baby brain scans will help scientists track brain development

Scientists have published ground-breaking scans of newborn babies' brains which researchers from all over the world can download and use to study how the human brain develops.

Breast-feeding's role in 'seeding' infant microbiome

Study finds that 30 percent of the beneficial bacteria in a baby's intestinal tract come directly from mother's milk, and an additional 10 percent comes from skin on the mother's breast.

New research shows illegal levels of arsenic found in baby foods

Almost half of baby rice food products contain illegal levels of inorganic arsenic despite new regulations set by the EU, new research concludes.

Surprise communication found between brain regions involved in infant motor control

A new connection between two regions of the brain has been discovered that may help explain how motor skills develop. Working with infant rats, the scientists found that the hippocampus and the red nucleus, part of the brain stem, synchronize during REM sleep.

'Small for gestational age' studied across European countries

A new study questions the use of common references for assessing 'small for gestational age' (SGA) in very preterm infants across Europe. SGA describes a baby who is smaller than the usual amount for the number of weeks of pregnancy...

Infants prescribed antacids have increased risk of fractures during childhood

New research found infants prescribed antacids to manage acid reflux, or spitting up, under age 1 had more bone fractures later in childhood.

Buprenorphine cuts neonatal abstinence syndrome treatment length by nearly half

Findings of a phase 3 clinical trial show that buprenorphine is just as safe and more effective than morphine when used to treat newborns suffering withdrawal symptoms after prenatal drug exposure.

How neurons and glia cells are created in the developing brain

Neurons and glia are the cells that make up our brain. In the cortex, the brain area that enables us to think, speak and be conscious, they are produced by a particular type of neural stem cell. But how is this production of neuronsShow More Summary

Genetic finding may allow doctors to predict newborn health during pregnancy

Specific genetic changes in the placentas of women who gave birth to growth-restricted infants have been discovered by researchers. Up to 10 percent of pregnancies worldwide are affected by intrauterine growth restriction, which means a baby weighed less than 90 percent of babies at the same gestational age. Show More Summary

Parents with bipolar benefit from self-help tool

Online self-management support for parents with Bipolar Disorder leads to improvements in parenting and child behavior.

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