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Proteins in breastmilk protect offspring against food allergy

The breastmilk of mothers exposed to egg during pregnancy and breastfeeding has been found to protect nursing newborns against egg allergy symptoms. This research in mice reinforces recent guidance that women should not avoid allergenic foods while they are pregnant or breastfeeding.

Theory linking cognition, genes and income refuted

Researchers have cast doubt on a widely-held belief that connects family income with cognitive development. The popular theory holds that genes play a larger role in brain development for children from advantaged environments than in those from poorer backgrounds, especially in the United States.

A mom's support helps a child learn to handle negative emotions, but what if mom is distressed?

When children become upset, showing negative emotions or behaviors, some parents become distressed, while others are able to talk their child through the difficult situation. Studies have shown that a mothers' reaction -- positive or...Show More Summary

Progesterone to fight preterm birth

A new study provides additional support for treatment with vaginal progesterone to reduce the risk of preterm birth, neonatal complications and infant death in pregnant women with a short cervix. A shortened cervix is the most powerful predictor of preterm birth.

Study raises possibility of naturally acquired immunity against Zika virus

Birth defects in babies born infected with Zika virus remain a major health concern. Now, scientists suggest the possibility that some women in high-risk Zika regions may already be protected and not know it. New research performed in...Show More Summary

Parents help shape how much pain preschoolers feel after vaccination

New research has found that the amount of distress and pain felt by a preschooler during a vaccination is strongly related to how to their parents help them cope before and during an appointment.

Breastfed babies are less likely to have eczema as teenagers, study shows

Babies whose mothers had received support to breastfeed exclusively for a sustained period from birth have a 54 percent lower risk of eczema at the age of 16, a new study shows.

Breastfeeding does not protect children against asthma and allergies

The effect of breastfeeding on the risk of developing asthma and allergy has been debated for a long time. Researchers show that breastfeeding might in fact increase the risk of developing hay fever and eczema, while not having any clear effect on the risk of asthma.

Neuroscientists identify source of early brain activity

A new study neuroscientists is the first to identify a mechanism that could explain an early link between sound input and cognitive function, often called the 'Mozart effect.' Working with an animal model, the researchers found thatShow More Summary

Probability calculations: Even babies can master it

One important feature of the brain is its ability to make generalizations based on sparse data. By learning regularities in our environment it can manage to guide our actions. As adults, we have therefore a vague understanding of which events are likely to happen. Show More Summary

Fantastic journey: How newborn neurons to find their proper place in the adult brain

For the first time (in mice), a new article explains how baby neurons -- precursors called neuroblasts, generated from a permanent pocket of stem cells in a brain area called the V-SVZ -- make an incredible journey from their place of birth through a special tunnel called the RMS to their target destination in the olfactory bulb.

Illuminated pajamas treat newborns for jaundice

Babies who suffer from jaundice after birth are treated with shortwave light. Researchers have now developed illuminated pajamas that replace the treatment in an incubator. This means newborns can get healthy while warm and happy in their mothers' arms.

Higher dose of vitamin D increases bone density in premature babies, study finds

If the standard supplementation of 400 IUs of vitamin D is increased to 800 IUs daily there are reductions in the number of premature and preterm babies with extremely low bone density, new research has found.

New congenital heart disease genes uncovered

A new study has helped shed new light on some of the underlying genetic causes of cases of CHD as well as the long-term outlook for patients who carry these mutations.

A candidate genetic factor for effects of prenatal alcohol exposure has been found

Researchers have found a genetic variation, which associates with the damage caused by maternal alcohol consumption. This genetic variation clarifies the role of genetic factors in the alcohol-induced developmental disorders and could be useful in future diagnostics.

Newborns with congenital heart disease show signs of brain impairment even before cardiac surgery

Using a novel imaging technique, researchers demonstrate for the first time that the brains of high-risk infants with congenital heart disease already show signs of functional impairment even before they undergo corrective open heart surgery.

Key component of respiratory center identified

Star-shaped cells called astrocytes are much more than simple support cells in the brain. In a new study on mice, researchers demonstrate that they also play a key part in the respiratory center of the brainstem and release inflammatory molecules that regulate breathing. Show More Summary

Bioengineering as viable alternative to open fetal repair for spina bifida, research proves

Researchers have discovered a promising alternative to open fetal surgery for spina bifida repair. The team has developed an alternative approach to current in utero treatment for spina bifida: a minimally-invasive repair using a bioengineered...Show More Summary

Why Zika became more dangerous: Discovery offers clues

Virus with a certain sugar in its protein envelope more readily passes to the brain in infected mice, causing inflammation and death.

Study links neighborhood affluence, positive birth outcomes

It’s not uncommon for new parents to relocate in search of neighborhoods with better schools, safer streets and healthier, more kid-friendly activities. But a new study has found that living in such neighborhoods before a baby is born protects against the risks of poor birth outcomes.

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