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Postnatal identification of Zika virus peptides from saliva

For the first time, researchers are using proteomics to examine proteins and peptides in saliva in order to accurately detect exposure to Zika virus. With 70 countries and territories reporting evidence of mosquito-borne Zika virus transmission, there is an increased need for a rapid and effective test for the virus. Show More Summary

Zika virus stifles pregnant women's weakened immune system to harm baby

The Zika virus suppresses a pregnant woman's immune system, enabling the virus to spread and increasing the chances an unborn baby will be harmed, study finds. The study is the first to report that the Zika virus targets specific white blood cells, handicapping a pregnant woman's immune system in a way that almost resembles HIV. Show More Summary

Behavior theory may offer key to ensuring infants are put to sleep safely

It is still common for infants to be placed in unsafe sleeping positions by their caregivers, report researchers. Fewer than half of infants are always placed on their backs for sleep, the recommended safe sleep position.

Probiotics can prevent sepsis in infants, study shows

A special mixture of good bacteria in the body reduced the incidence of sepsis in infants in India by 40 percent at a cost of only $1 per infant, new research has found.

Prematurity leaves distinctive molecular signature in infants' cerebellum

Premature birth, which affects one in 10 US babies, is associated with altered metabolite profiles in the infants' cerebellum, the part of the brain that controls coordination and balance, a team of researchers reports.

Heartbeats could hold the key to understanding babies' inner world

A novel new experiment to test how aware babies are of their bodies’ internal signals has been developed by researchers. The ability to consciously sense signals from your body is called interoception, and some people are more aware of these signals than others. Show More Summary

3-D MRI predicts pregnancies complicated by fetal growth restriction

Using three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging, a research team characterized the shape, volume, morphometry and texture of placentas during pregnancy and, using a novel framework, predicted with high accuracy which pregnancies would be complicated by fetal growth restriction.

Negative birth outcomes linked to air pollution exposure early in pregnancy, study finds

Exposure to air pollution during the equivalent of the first or second trimester in humans was linked to more negative birth outcomes than exposure later in pregnancy, a new mice study has found.

Understanding genetic synergy in cleft palate

Like mechanics fixing a faulty engine, an expert says researchers will not be able to remedy problems related to IRF6, a gene implicated in cleft palate, until they better understand how the gene works.

Low birth weights in blacks tied to racial identity, mom's age

A new study examines the role of racial identity and acculturation on the birth weight of black infants.

A gene increases the severity of common colds

Mutations have been found that worsen respiratory infections among children. A new study explains the mechanism involved.

In baby's dirty diapers, the clues to baby's brain development

Can the kinds of microbes colonizing the gut at age 1 predict later cognitive development? New findings shed light on the surprising role of bacteria in how our brains develop during the first years of life.

How exposure to a foreign language ignites infants' learning

A new study is among the first to investigate how babies can learn a second language outside of the home. The researchers sought to answer a fundamental question: Can babies be taught a second language if they don't get foreign language exposure at home, and if so, what kind of foreign language exposure, and how much, is needed to spark that learning?

Babies with hearing loss form better vocabulary with early intervention

Babies with hearing loss who are diagnosed by three months and receive interventions by six months have broader vocabularies than those treated later, a new study found. It also found that nearly half don't meet early intervention guidelines.

Vaccines protect fetuses from Zika infection, mouse study shows

Zika virus can cause severe brain damage in people infected before birth. A new study in mice shows that females vaccinated before pregnancy and infected with Zika virus while pregnant bear pups who show no trace of the virus. The findings...Show More Summary

Babies born big more likely to become obese as children, study finds

Infants born with a high birthweight are more likely to become obese as children, a new study suggests. By identifying at-risk infants early, doctors could work with parents to prevent weight gain and the health problems obesity bri...

Genetic factors that cause muscle weakness, wasting disorder found

For years, the underlying process that causes a debilitating muscle disorder in infants and young children has been largely unknown. Now, a group of genetics researchers has identified the fundamental mechanism that causes congenital myotonic dystrophy.

Study of premature babies has implications for future treatment

Doctors now have better insight into the biology of premature birth. New findings may have implications for treating premature babies.

Preeclampsia: New study documents its enormous economic and health burden

Rates of preeclampsia are rising rapidly, yet surprisingly there are few national estimates of the health and economic impact of preeclampsia on mothers and their infants. A new study provides sobering data on this topic by examining the short-term costs associated with the condition. Show More Summary

Photographer Sends Babies on Epic Adventures in 19 Adorable Photos

Post by Jeanne Sager. When Angela Forker started taking photos of babies, she tried to fit a "newborn photographer mold": Neutral colors. Minimal props. Traditional poses. It was fun, but the New Haven, Indiana photographer said it just wasn’t her. Show More Summary

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