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More extremely preterm babies survive, live without neurological impairment

Babies born at just 22 to 24 weeks of pregnancy continue to have sobering outlooks -- only about 1 in 3 survive. But according to a new study, those rates are showing small but measurable improvement. Compared to extremely preterm babies...Show More Summary

Nicotine exposure during and after pregnancy can cause hearing problems in children

Nicotine exposure, before and after birth, can cause a child to have hearing problems due to abnormal development in the auditory brainstem.

19 Most Surprising Things About Having a Baby (No One Warned Us!)

Post by Wendy Robinson. When I was pregnant with my first child, I read everything about having a baby that I could get my hands on. I just wanted to be prepared, to know what to expect. I thought I could be ready for anything with enough...Show More Summary

Here's the Tiniest Diaper You've Ever Seen, for the Smallest Preemies

Post by Liz Alterman. Finding diapers in your newborn's size is typically something most parents don't give a second thought -- and that's a good thing. But what if your precious infant were so tiny those traditional nappies didn't fit?...Show More Summary

Preemies in neonatal intensive care units exposed to loud noises

Preemies in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) may be exposed to noise levels higher than those deemed safe by the American Academy of Pediatrics, suggests new research. Conversely, the researchers also found that some preemies may not get enough exposure to beneficial sounds, such as language and music, that can improve early development.

This Song Designed to 'Make Babies Happy' Will Drive You Insane

Post by Liz Alterman. As if there weren't already enough kids songs on the market, now music psychologists (yes, apparently that's a real thing!) are teaming up with Grammy-award winner Imogen Heap to create the one song that's scientifically designed to make baby happy. Show More Summary

Severe newborn jaundice could be preventable, mouse study shows

A protein that inhibits the enzyme that breaks down bilirubin in newborns has now been identified by researchers. Methods that block this inhibitor, and thus restore the enzyme’s activity, could provide a new therapeutic approach for preventing or treating severe newborn jaundice.

This Baby and 295 Ounces of Breast Milk Are Here to Prove 'Fed Is Best'

Post by Ashley Austrew. If you've ever tried to breastfeed, then you know it's not as easy as it looks. Every breastfeeding mom deals with latch issues, questions about her supply, and those oh-so-painful clogged ducts. It's okay to admit that it's not always easy, and it's also important to celebrate our victories. Show More Summary

High levels of hospital-acquired infection on children's intensive care wards, study shows

A study has demonstrated ‘unacceptably high’ rates of hospital-acquired infections among children in the UK and Europe.

'Mini-guts' offer clues to pediatric GI illness

Using immature stem cells to create a miniature model of the gut in the laboratory, researchers have determined how infection-causing enteroviruses enter the intestine.

Throw Out the Homeopathic Teething Meds, Warns FDA -- They Might Be Toxic

Post by Liz Alterman. Listening to a teething baby cry makes most parents feel heartbroken and helpless. And, as plenty of moms and dads know, you're willing to try almost anything to alleviate that discomfort. But the US Food & Drug...Show More Summary

Re-assessing 'at risk' cutoffs for birth weight

A recent research article contributes to the evidence base regarding the use of population charts for detection of fetal growth disorders and how best to determine risk of complications.

Therapeutic hypothermia offers no significant benefits for infants or children after in-hospital car

In a multicenter, international study of infants and children who suffered cardiac arrest while in the hospital, NIH-funded researchers have found that body cooling, or therapeutic hypothermia, is no more effective than actively keeping the body at a normal temperature, or therapeutic normothermia.

For bonding and breastfeeding, newborns benefit from a cheek full of dextrose

Researchers are proving that a dose of dextrose gel administered into a baby's cheek along with regular feedings can raise hypoglycemic babies' blood sugar, allowing them to stay with their mothers, which promotes breastfeeding.

Hypoxia due to CHD linked to abnormal neurogenesis and impaired cortical growth

The subventricular zone in normal newborns' brains is home to the largest stockpile of neural stem/progenitor cells, with newly generated neurons migrating from this zone to specific regions of the frontal cortex and differentiating into interneurons. Show More Summary

Agricultural fires in Brazil harm infant health, a warning for the developing world

Exposure to pollution from agricultural fires in the last few months of gestation leads to earlier birth and smaller babies, researchers have found. The results offer a warning to the developing world, where such fires are common.

Flat head syndrome linked to motor, language and cognitive delays

Babies with flat head syndrome may be at heightened risk of developmental delays, a new study has found. The research highlights the need for early and prompt assessment and intervention. The study is the first, rigorous systematic review examining the link between developmental delay and flat head, which affects one in every five babies.

Genetic study identifies fourteen new developmental disorders in children

The largest ever genetic study of children with previously undiagnosed rare developmental disorders has discovered 14 new developmental disorders. The research also provided diagnoses of rare conditions for over a thousand children and their families. Show More Summary

Evaluation of the effects of laser tissue welding for spina bifida repair

Spina Bifia is a birth defect where there is incomplete closure of the backbone and membranes around the spinal cord. It affects more than 4,000 children born each year in the U.S. and is associated with hydrocephalus (excessive accumulation of fluid on the brain), developmental delay, lifelong disability and death. Show More Summary

Evaluation of the use of human umbilical cord for in-utero spina bifida repair

Spina Bifida is a birth defect where there is an incomplete closure of the backbone and the coverings around the spinal cord. It affects more than 4,000 children born each year in the United States and is associated with hydrocephalus (fluid in the brain), developmental delay, lifelong disability and death. Show More Summary

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