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Infants with congenital Zika virus syndrome suffer serious visual impairment

There is a broad collection of anomalies now known as congenital Zika syndrome (CZS). Some of the most serious are ophthalmologic. Two articles evaluated visual function among infants with suspected and confirmed CZS. Both studies found...Show More Summary

Predicting atypical development in infants at high risk for autism?

New research identifies a potential biomarker that predicts atypical development in 1- to 2-month-old infants at high versus low familial risk for developing autism spectrum disorders (ASD).

Test of cervical mucus may reveal pregnant women's risk of going into labor too early

A new approach to evaluating the risk of preterm birth has been proposed by analyzing the properties of cervical mucus. The researchers found that cervical mucus from women who delivered their babies early, before 37 weeks, was very different from that of women who delivered later.

Exercising during pregnancy is good for mother, baby, research confirms

Researchers have clarified doubts over the physical activity recommended during pregnancy. Their work highlights how exercise should be taken not only by healthy, previously active women, but that it is also a good time to adopt a healthy lifestyle. There are clear advantages for both the mother and baby.

Multi-mechanism approach to treating neonatal hypoxic ischemia

Male sex is a risk factor for worse outcome following neonatal insult, including hypoxic ischemia. While N-acetylcysteine and hypothermia promote functional improvement in female rodents, similar improvement in males requires the addition of vitamin D, report investigators. Show More Summary

How reading and writing with your child boost more than just literacy

Children who read and write at home -- whether for assignments or just for fun -- are building long-term study and executive function skills, according to a new article

Extreme exposure

Researchers have unraveled the negative effects of pesticide exposure on birth outcomes, such as weight, gestation and abnormalities.

Origins of autism: Abnormalities in sensory processing at six months

The origins of autism remain mysterious. What areas of the brain are involved, and when do the first signs appear? New findings brings us closer to understanding the pathology of autism, and the point at which it begins to take shape in the human brain. Such knowledge will allow earlier interventions in the future and better outcomes for autistic children.

Early weight gain in pregnancy correlates with childhood obesity, first study of its size shows

Weight gain in early pregnancy has the greatest impact on infant size at birth, according to a new study. The study is the largest ever analysis of the effect that weight gain in early pregnancy has on infant size.

Infants' ethnicity influences quality of hospital care in California, study finds

Infants' ethnic identities influence the quality of medical care they receive in California's neonatal intensive care units, a study has found.

Postnatal identification of Zika virus peptides from saliva

For the first time, researchers are using proteomics to examine proteins and peptides in saliva in order to accurately detect exposure to Zika virus. With 70 countries and territories reporting evidence of mosquito-borne Zika virus transmission, there is an increased need for a rapid and effective test for the virus. Show More Summary

Zika virus stifles pregnant women's weakened immune system to harm baby

The Zika virus suppresses a pregnant woman's immune system, enabling the virus to spread and increasing the chances an unborn baby will be harmed, study finds. The study is the first to report that the Zika virus targets specific white blood cells, handicapping a pregnant woman's immune system in a way that almost resembles HIV. Show More Summary

Behavior theory may offer key to ensuring infants are put to sleep safely

It is still common for infants to be placed in unsafe sleeping positions by their caregivers, report researchers. Fewer than half of infants are always placed on their backs for sleep, the recommended safe sleep position.

Probiotics can prevent sepsis in infants, study shows

A special mixture of good bacteria in the body reduced the incidence of sepsis in infants in India by 40 percent at a cost of only $1 per infant, new research has found.

Prematurity leaves distinctive molecular signature in infants' cerebellum

Premature birth, which affects one in 10 US babies, is associated with altered metabolite profiles in the infants' cerebellum, the part of the brain that controls coordination and balance, a team of researchers reports.

Heartbeats could hold the key to understanding babies' inner world

A novel new experiment to test how aware babies are of their bodies’ internal signals has been developed by researchers. The ability to consciously sense signals from your body is called interoception, and some people are more aware of these signals than others. Show More Summary

3-D MRI predicts pregnancies complicated by fetal growth restriction

Using three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging, a research team characterized the shape, volume, morphometry and texture of placentas during pregnancy and, using a novel framework, predicted with high accuracy which pregnancies would be complicated by fetal growth restriction.

Negative birth outcomes linked to air pollution exposure early in pregnancy, study finds

Exposure to air pollution during the equivalent of the first or second trimester in humans was linked to more negative birth outcomes than exposure later in pregnancy, a new mice study has found.

Understanding genetic synergy in cleft palate

Like mechanics fixing a faulty engine, an expert says researchers will not be able to remedy problems related to IRF6, a gene implicated in cleft palate, until they better understand how the gene works.

Low birth weights in blacks tied to racial identity, mom's age

A new study examines the role of racial identity and acculturation on the birth weight of black infants.

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