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Asthenosphere rheology inferred from observations of the 2012 Indian Ocean earthquake

The concept of a weak asthenospheric layer underlying Earth’s mobile tectonic plates is fundamental to our understanding of mantle convection and plate tectonics. However, little is known about the mechanical properties of the asthenosphere (the part of the upper mantle below the lithosphere) underlying the oceanic crust, which covers about 60 per cent of Earth’s surface.
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