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Benjamin Hale: Justificatory vs. Motivational Reasons

In Chapter 5 of The Wild and the Wicked: On Nature and Human Nature, Benjamin Hale attempted to draw some moral lessons from a distinction between two different types of reasons for action - motives and justificatory reasons. I do not think that such a distinction exists - at least not to the degree that Hale believes it does. Now, I do agree with Hale that some reasons are better than others.
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