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Ancient DNA offers new view on saber-toothed cats' past

Researchers who've analyzed the complete mitochondrial genomes from ancient samples representing two species of saber-toothed cats have a new take on the animals' history over the last 50,000 years. The data suggest that the saber-toothed cats shared a common ancestor with all living cat-like species about 20 million years ago. Show More Summary

Easter Island Ancient DNA Shoots Down One Rapanui Theory

Thanks to its geography, the southeastern Pacific island of Rapa Nui — also known as Easter Island — has been in the center of a long-running debate about how early people may have sailed back and forth across the planet's biggest ocean. Show More Summary

No trace of early contact between Rapanui and South Americans in ancient DNA

(Cell Press) Rapa Nui (Easter Island, Chile) has long been a source of intrigue and mystery. How did such a small community of people build so many impressively large statues? And what happened to cause that community to collapse? Researchers...Show More Summary

First complete DNA sequences from Egyptian mummies

Egyptian mummies provide archaeologists with a tantalizing window into ancient Egyptian culture. And now they are offering up their DNA.

Matter: Ancient Viruses Are Buried in Your DNA

2 weeks agoNews : NYTimes: News

Endogenous retroviruses wormed into the human genome eons ago. Today viral genes continue to produce a variety of mysterious proteins in the body.

Mapping the thylacine's mysterious loss from mainland

(University of Adelaide) Ancient DNA extracted from fossil bones and museum specimens has shed new light on the mysterious loss of the Tasmanian tiger (thylacine) from Australia's mainland.

Stone Age child reveals that modern humans emerged more than 300,000 years ago

South Africa is well-known for its hominin fossil record. But this time, results from a study of ancient DNA presented in the September 28th First Release early online issue of Science show that the 2000-year-old remains of a boy found at Ballito Bay in KwaZulu-Natal during the 1960s, helped to rewrite human history.

First large-scale ancient DNA study helps reconstruct African population structure

Africa has long been known as the 'cradle of mankind', but up to now, the genetic information has been largely derived from modern population studies. The post First large-scale ancient DNA study helps reconstruct African population structure appeared first on HeritageDaily - Heritage & Archaeology News.

Ancient DNA sheds light on African history

Burials at Mount Hora in Malawi yielded DNA used in the study DNA from ancient remains has been used to reconstruct thousands of years of population history in Africa. Researchers sequenced the genomes of 16 individuals who lived between 8,000 and 1,000 years ago. Show More Summary

Ancient DNA Helps Scientists Shed Light on How Ancient Africans Moved and Mixed

New techniques help explain why there is little genetic overlap between modern and ancient Malawi people—and promise much more

Geneticists Trace an Australian Migration with Aboriginal Artifacts

Specialists in ancient DNA at the University of Adelaide used an anthropological gold mine to figure out how humans first migrated across Australia.

Humans no longer have ancient defence mechanism against viruses

Insects and plants have an important ancient defence mechanism that helps them to fight viruses. This is encoded in their DNA. Scientists have long assumed that vertebrates - including humans - also had this same mechanism. But researchers at KU Leuven (University of Leuven), Belgium, have found that vertebrates lost this particular asset in the course of their evolution.

DNA from Viking cod bones suggests 1,000-year history of European fish trade

One of the ancient Viking cod bones from Haithabu used in the study. Credit: James Barrett Norway is famed for its cod. Catches from the Arctic stock that spawns each year off its northern coast are exported across Europe for staple dishes from British fish and chips to Spanish bacalao stew. Show More Summary

When ancient fossil DNA isn’t available, ancient glycans may help trace human evolution

Ancient DNA recovered from fossils is a valuable tool to study evolution and anthropology. Yet ancient fossil DNA from earlier geological ages has not been found yet in any part of Africa, where it's destroyed by extreme heat and humidity. The...Show More Summary

Viking Warrior In Famous Grave Was A Woman

This one goes out to all my fellow shieldmaidens: researchers have confirmed through ancient DNA testing that the warrior buried in a famous Viking grave was a woman. Researchers have excavated hundreds of Viking-era graves at Birka, a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Sweden. Show More Summary

DNA from ancient Viking burials reveal women warriors fought with — and commanded — men

last monthNews : The Raw Story

Scientists from Sweden’s Uppsala University have produced DNA evidence that women Viking warriors fought alongside their male counterparts in the Swedish Viking Age. “The study was conducted on one of the most well-known graves from the Viking Age, a mid-10th century grave in Swedish...

Proteomics: Moving Beyond DNA to Study the Past

Move over, fossils and DNA. Now, ancient proteins are revealing how creatures, including hominins, lived.

DNA Tests Show ‘Extinct’ Penguin Species Never Existed

2 months agoHumor / odd : mental_floss

The presumed remains of the ancient penguins are a “jumbled mixture” of bones from three modern species.

Turkey bones may help trace fate of ancient cliff dwellers

Researchers say they have found a new clue into the mysterious exodus of ancient cliff-dwelling people from the Mesa Verde area of Colorado more than 700 years ago: DNA from the bones of domesticated turkeys.

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