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Research becomes reality in study of fire impact on sonoma water resources

Scientists at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) spent a decade developing world-class modeling and monitoring capabilities to pinpoint factors behind the success of Sonoma's riverbank filtration system. Show More Summary

How the Earth stops high-energy neutrinos in their tracks

(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) In an analysis of data from an experiment embedded in Antarctic ice, a research collaboration including scientists from Berkeley Lab has demonstrated that the Earth stops high-energy neutrinos -- particles that only very rarely interact with matter.

X-Rays Reveal the Biting Truth About Parrotfish Teeth

A study by scientists – including those at the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) – has revealed a chain mail-like woven microstructure that gives parrotfish teeth their remarkable bite and resilience.

To find new biofuel enzymes, it can take a microbial village

A new study led by researchers at the Department of Energy's Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI), based at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), demonstrates the importance of microbial communities as a source of stable enzymes that could be used to convert plants to biofuels.

Fuel cell x-ray study details effects of temperature and moisture on performance

(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) To find the right balance of moisture and temperature in a specialized type of hydrogen fuel cell, Berkeley Lab scientists have used X-rays to explore the inner workings of its components at tiny scales.

Scientists narrow down the search for dark photons using decade-old particle collider data

(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) A fresh analysis of particle-collider data, co-led by Berkeley Lab physicists, limits some of the hiding places for one type of theorized particle -- the dark photon, also known as the heavy photon -- that was proposed to help explain the mystery of dark matter.

Genome research challenges previous understanding of the origin of photosynthesis

Plant biologists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), in collaboration with colleagues from the California Institute of Technology (Caltech), have reconstructed the evolutionary history of photosynthesis to provide new insight into the yet-unfolding story of its origins.

New studies on disordered cathodes may provide much-needed jolt to lithium batteries

Today's lithium-ion battery was invented so long ago, there are not many more efficiencies to wring out of it. Now researchers at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) report major progress in cathodes made with so-called "disordered" materials, a promising new type of lithium battery.

Screening for disease or toxins in a drop of blood

(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) Imagine being able to quickly and accurately screen for diseases or chemical contaminants in a tiny drop of blood. Berkeley Lab scientist Daojing Wang and others have developed a multinozzle...Show More Summary

The puzzle to plugging the worst natural gas release in history

By the time Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) scientists Barry Freifeld and Curt Oldenburg visited the Aliso Canyon natural gas storage facility in December 2015, the SS-25 well blowout had been leaking natural gas into the air for more than six weeks. Show More Summary

NIH awards $6.5 million to Berkeley Lab for augmenting structural biology research

(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) The NIH has awarded $6.5 million to Berkeley Lab to integrate existing synchrotron structural biology resources to better serve researchers. The grant will establish a center based at the Lab's...Show More Summary

International team reconstructs nanoscale virus features from correlations of scattered X-rays

(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) Berkeley Lab researchers contributed key algorithms which helped scientists achieve a goal first proposed more than 40 years ago -- using angular correlations of X-ray snapshots from non-crystalline molecules to determine the 3-D structure of important biological objects.

Lab technology brings Nobel-winning cryo-EM into sharper focus

Pioneering work by scientists at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) played a key role in the 2017 Nobel Prize in chemistry, awarded today, honoring the development of cryo-electron microscopy, or cryo-EM, an imaging technique that has launched the fields of structural biology and biochemistry into an exciting new era of discovery.

Team reconstructs nanoscale virus features from correlations of scattered X-rays

As part of an international research team, Jeff Donatelli, Peter Zwart and Kanupriya Pande of the Center for Advanced Mathematics for Energy Research Applications (CAMERA) at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) contributed...Show More Summary

Assessing regional earthquake risk and hazards in the age of exascale

(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) Researchers from Berkeley Lab, Lawrence Livermore Lab and UC Davis are building the first-ever end-to-end simulation code to precisely capture the geology and physics of regional earthquakes, and how the shaking impacts buildings.

Berkeley Lab aims to strengthen the cybersecurity of the grid

(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) As the US electricity grid continues to modernize, it will mean things like better reliability and resilience and lower environmental impacts, as well as new computing and communications technologies to monitor and manage the increasing number of devices that connect to the grid. Show More Summary

Nanoparticle supersoap creates 'bijel' with potential as sculptable fluid

A new two-dimensional film, made of polymers and nanoparticles and developed by researchers at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), can direct two different non-mixing liquids into a variety of exotic architectures. Show More Summary

A quantum computer to tackle fundamental science problems

(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) Two Berkeley Lab teams will receive Department of Energy funding to develop near-term quantum computing platforms and tools to be used for scientific discovery in the chemical sciences. One...Show More Summary

Solar-to-fuel system recycles CO2 to make ethanol and ethylene

Scientists at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have harnessed the power of photosynthesis to convert carbon dioxide into fuels and alcohols at efficiencies far greater than plants. The achievement marks a significant milestone in the effort to move toward sustainable sources of fuel.

Copper catalyst yields high efficiency CO2-to-fuels conversion

Scientists at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have developed a new electrocatalyst that can directly convert carbon dioxide into multicarbon fuels and alcohols using record-low inputs of energy. Show More Summary

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