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Deep Learning Algorithm Diagnoses Schizophrenia from fMRI Scans

A scientific collaboration between researchers at IBM and the University of Alberta in Canada has come up with a software tool that analyzes functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scans of patient brains and with 74% accuracy diagnoses schizophrenia. Moreover, the software’s algorithms were also able to reasonably estimate how bad the symptoms of the disease were […]

How An A.I. DJ Brain Is Starting A Music Playlist Revolution

Machine-learning algorithms made possible by a combination of deep learning and artificial intelligence has dominated 2017. The dramatic rises in consumer expectation levels are also forcing businesses to simplify and personalize everything in a bid to remain relevant to their tech savvy customers. Show More Summary

Sleep disruption increases Alzheimer’s-related protein levels

2 weeks agoHealth : Reuters: Health

(Reuters Health) - Disrupting deep sleep boosts the amount of an Alzheimer’s disease-related protein called amyloid-beta in the fluid bathing the brain and spinal cord, new research suggests.

Controlling memory by triggering specific brain waves during sleep

(Institute for Basic Science) IBS researchers find that manipulating the pulses of electrical activity in the thalamus during non-REM deep sleep make mice remember or forget

Closed Loop System Reads Brain Activity to Activate Neurostimulator Only When Needed

At the University of Washington researchers have been focusing on drastically improving the longevity and performance of deep brain stimulators for people suffering from essential tremor. These devices, implanted like pacemakers with electrode leads stretching up into the brain, run on internal batteries. Show More Summary

The Hippocampus Underlies the Link Between Slowed Walking and Mental Decline

The connection between slowed walking speed and declining mental acuity appears to arise in the right hippocampus, a finger-shaped region buried deep in the brain at ear-level, according to a 14-year study conducted by scientists at the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health.

Just being able to see our smartphones might be draining our brain power

Let's face it — some of us are living deep in the trenches of smartphone addiction. Whether it's by constantly checking social media networks, reading push alerts, or responding to texts, we spend more time than ever on our phone. So...Show More Summary

Brain's connectivity network may provide key insights into neurological disorders

(Weill Cornell Medicine) A deeper understanding of the brain's connectivity network of neurons and its relationship to the organ's deep tissue could allow researchers to predict brain spatial patterns and recognize what processes relate to neurological disorders, according to a new study from Weill Cornell Medicine and the University of California at San Francisco.

Chatter in the deep brain spurs empathy in rats

(Duke University) By combining electrical monitoring of neural activity with machine learning, a team of Duke and Stanford University neuroscientists has tuned into the brain chatter of rats engaged in helping other rats. The results...Show More Summary

Brain stimulators are a hot item in sports training…do they help?

The San Francisco Giants just happen to be the baseball team that I usually root for.  Unfortunately, they’re having a terrible year, and after a 7-game losing streak (and counting) are currently deep in the cellar in the National League... Show More Summary

Identified Brain Circuitry Bridges Neural and Behavioral Roles in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Specific cerebral circuitry bridges chemical changes deep in the brain and the more outward behavioral expressions associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which could lead to more objective biomarkers for the disorder, according to a comprehensive review of rapidly changing data published June 22 in The New England Journal of Medicine.

Identified brain circuitry bridges neural and behavioral roles in PTSD

(NYU Langone Medical Center / New York University School of Medicine) Specific cerebral circuitry bridges chemical changes deep in the brain and the more outward behavioral expressions associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD),...Show More Summary

4 Breathing Exercises to Reduce Your Stress Right Now

We tend to forget that one of the best stress relievers is always available to us: our breath. For instance, according to the American Institute of Stress, “Deep breathing increases the supply of oxygen to your brain and stimulates the parasympathetic nervous system, which promotes […]

Is It Possible To Stimulate Deep Inside Our Brains Without Implanting Hardware?

For decades, scientists have dreamed of how electricity might be used to change the human brain. By altering its firing patterns using currents, scientists hope to not only treat mental illness, but improve human cognition. The trouble is, so far the most successful of these enterprises have relied on implanting electrodes deep into the human brain. Show More Summary

First randomized controlled trial of DBS for chronic pain shows promise

(Cleveland Clinic) Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the ventral striatum/anterior limb of the internal capsule is safe and feasible in addressing the affective component of pain in patients with post-stroke pain syndrome.Cleveland Clinic...Show More Summary

A new adjustable optical microprobe for the analysis and control of deep brain regions

(Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia - IIT) Researchers have developed a new optical microprobe able to control brain electrical activity by projecting light on wide volumes or selected portions of the central nervous system in an very controlled fashion. Show More Summary

Google’s Tensor2Tensor makes it easier to conduct deep learning experiments

Google’s brain team is open sourcing Tensor2Tensor, a new deep learning library designed to help researchers replicate results from recent papers in the field and push the boundaries of what’s possible by trying new combinations of models, datasets and other parameters. Show More Summary

Noninvasive Deep Brain Stimulation - Has Neuroscience's Holy Grail Been Found?

A high-profile paper in Cell reports on a new brain stimulation method that's got many neuroscientists excited. The new technique, called temporal interference (TI) stimulation, is said to be able to reach structures deep inside theShow More Summary

Battling the terrible toll of depression by 'rewiring' the brain

(MediaSource) One approach used to treat depression by doctors at UCLA and a handful of other centers nationwide is to beam magnetic pulses deep into patients' brains, a therapy known as transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). The therapy works in a fundamentally different way from medications, which is what makes it so promising for people not helped by drugs.

Best and Worst of Neuroscience and Neurology – May 2017

What is genetic basis of our intelligence? How to stimulate deep areas of the brain? How to prevent Alzheimer’s disease?  How to slash the cost of treatment of multiple sclerosis? These are some of the questions highlighted in this monthly review of research literature. As usual, while we answer some questions, research studies also dispel […]

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