Trend Results : Elsevier Health Sciences

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Significant increase in number of women tested for BRCA gene, but many high-risk patients still missing out

(Elsevier Health Sciences) Previously, mainly women with a history of cancer were referred for genetic testing, but as awareness has grown, more low-risk women are undergoing BRCA testing. A new study in the American Journal of Preventive...Show More Summary

Journal of Dairy Science® honors most prolific authors

(Elsevier Health Sciences) As part of the centennial celebration for the Journal of Dairy Science, individuals who have authored or coauthored 100 or more papers in the journal will be inaugurated into JDS Club 100 at the 2017 American Dairy Science Association® Annual Meeting in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Show More Summary

'Low-content' nutritional claims on packaged goods misleading for consumers

(Elsevier Health Sciences) Today, supermarket shelves are filled with products that make a variety of claims related to their perceived health benefits. Because there is no uniformity to what these statements mean, consumers are often left confused and ill informed. Show More Summary

Study indicates promising new approach to prevent and treat cholesterol gallstones

(Elsevier Health Sciences) A new study in The American Journal of Pathology reports on a promising new approach to prevent and treat cholesterol gallstone disease (CGD) that reduces the biliary output of cholesterol via activation of receptors present in tissues of the liver and small intestine.

To screen or not to screen for lung cancer?

(Elsevier Health Sciences) Lung cancer screening using a low-dose CT scan can be a lifesaving test for high-risk patients. While it offers clear benefits, incidental findings and radiation exposure mean there are some potential risks associated with yearly screening. Show More Summary

College students' perception of dietary terms could help nutrition education

(Elsevier Health Sciences) Researchers from the University of Hawaii and Brigham Young University set out to determine college students' perception of the terms real meal, meal, and snack and how those perceptions might enable more effective nutrition education.

New avalanche and snow burial practice guidelines released by wilderness medical society

(Elsevier Health Sciences) Each year, there are over 150 avalanche fatalities in the US and Europe, with most deaths occurring among recreational groups that include skiers, snowboarders, snowmobilers, and mountaineers. The Wilderness...Show More Summary

Hospital floors may pose a larger health risk than previously thought

(Elsevier Health Sciences) Hospital room floors may be an overlooked source of infection, according to a study published in the March issue of the American Journal of Infection Control, the official journal of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC). Show More Summary

Depression puts psoriasis patients at significantly greater risk of psoriatic arthritis

(Elsevier Health Sciences) Psoriasis is a lifelong disease that is associated with significant cosmetic and physical disability and puts patients at increased risk for many major medical disorders. A multidisciplinary team of researchers...Show More Summary

E-cigarettes popular among smokers with existing illnesses

(Elsevier Health Sciences) In the US more than 16 million people with smoking-related illnesses continue to use cigarettes. According to a new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, current and former smokers who suffer...Show More Summary

Public health experts celebrate 30 years of CDC's prevention research solutions for communities with health disparities

(Elsevier Health Sciences) It has been 30 years since CDC created the Prevention Research Centers (PRC) Program, currently a network of 26 academic institutions across the US dedicated to moving new discoveries into the communities that need them. Show More Summary

Fructose consumption linked to the increase of liver disease among adolescents and children

(Elsevier Health Sciences) Recent research suggests that dietary fructose intake may increase serum uric acid concentrations and that both uric acid concentration and fructose consumption may be increased in individuals with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Show More Summary

Septic shock surveillance should be based on clinical data, not billing codes

(Elsevier Health Sciences) Tracking sepsis rates and outcomes is challenging because it is a heterogeneous syndrome without a definitive 'gold standard' test. In the February issue of CHEST, investigators compared the effectiveness of claims-based surveillance using ICD-9 codes with clinical-based data and specific diagnostic parameters. Show More Summary

Less driving linked to a decrease in roadway fatalities

(Elsevier Health Sciences) A new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine shows that a significant decrease in automobile travel from 2003-2014 correlated with a decrease in the number of crash deaths, with the largest reduction among young men. Show More Summary

Lack of transportation limits healthy food access among Washington State residents

(Elsevier Health Sciences) Having convenient or reasonable access to supermarkets is often associated with healthier diets and a lower risk for obesity among neighborhood residents. However, simply improving residents' proximity to grocery stores may not be as consequential as some previous studies have reported. Show More Summary

New assay shows promise to advance personalized therapy for cancer patients

(Elsevier Health Sciences) The National Cancer Institute's NCI-MATCH (Molecular Analysis for Therapy Choice) is a large, ongoing clinical trial that matches tumors to therapies based on the tumor's genetic characteristics. A report in...Show More Summary

HPV vs. Pap test for cervical cancer screening: Strong evidence calls for new protocols, say experts

(Elsevier Health Sciences) Many members of the health care community are now calling for a shift in screening procedures to reflect our improved understanding of cervical cancer development. In a special issue of Preventive Medicine,...Show More Summary

Cytotoxins contribute to virulence of deadly epidemic bacterial infections

(Elsevier Health Sciences) Beginning in the mid-1980s, an epidemic of severe invasive infections caused by Streptococcus pyogenes (S. pyogenes), also known as group A streptococcus (GAS), occurred in the United States, Europe, and elsewhere. Show More Summary

Existing reprocessing techniques prove insufficient for flexible endoscopes

(Elsevier Health Sciences) Current techniques used to clean endoscopes for reuse are not consistently effective, according to a study published in the February issue of the American Journal of Infection Control, the official journal of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC). Show More Summary

Are patients in rural areas being deprived of potentially lifesaving therapy?

(Elsevier Health Sciences) Specialized heart function clinics often refer patients for implantation of the cardioverter defibrillator, but a new report in the Canadian Journal of Cardiology indicates that a significant proportion ofShow More Summary

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