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Alcohol use affects levels of cholesterol regulator through epigenetics

(Johns Hopkins Medicine) In an analysis of the epigenomes of people and mice, researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine and the National Institutes of Health report that drinking alcohol may induce changes to a cholesterol-regulating ge...

Drones carried blood samples over the Arizona desert, and it could change the future of medicine

Researchers from Johns Hopkins School of Medicine used drones to transfer human blood samples, traveling over 160 miles across the Arizona desert. This is a new distance record for unmanned aircraft transportation of medical samples and it could improve the speed of the diagnoses for remote patients.  Read more... More about Tech, Mashable Video, Drones, Medicine, and Medical

$3 million collaboration to develop new approaches for HIV therapy

(University of Liverpool) A collaboration between the University of Liverpool and the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (JHUSM) has been awarded a further $3m (£2.2m) to develop sophisticated new medicines for HIV.

Study advances efforts to screen all children for Type 1 diabetes

(Johns Hopkins Medicine) Researchers from the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Stanford University and the University of Florida report the development of a novel antibody detection technology that holds promise for improving the accuracy of diagnostic tests for type 1 diabetes in young children and making populationwide screening practical.

DNA and protein 'liquid biopsy' for early pancreatic cancer better than either alone

(Johns Hopkins Medicine) Johns Hopkins scientists say they have developed a blood test that spots tumor-specific DNA and protein biomarkers for early-stage pancreatic cancer.

Inflammation required for 'smell' tissue regeneration

(Johns Hopkins Medicine) In a mouse study designed to understand how chronic inflammation in sinusitis damages the sense of smell, scientists at Johns Hopkins say they were surprised to learn that the regeneration of olfactory tissue requires some of the same inflammatory processes and chemicals that create injury and loss of smell in the first place.

Understanding Caribbean mammal extinctions of the past spurs renewed focus on conservation

(Johns Hopkins Medicine) A Johns Hopkins paleontologist and her collaborative team of scientists report they have clear evidence that the arrival of humans and subsequent human activity throughout the islands of the Caribbean were likely the primary causes of the extinction of native mammal species there. Show More Summary

CHORI's Dan M. Granoff Awarded Prestigious Alumni Award from the Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine

Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute (CHORI) Senior Scientist Dr. Dan M. Granoff, has been awarded the 2017 Distinguished Medical Alumnus Award from his alma mater, the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.

Brain's self-regulation in teens at risk for obesity

(Johns Hopkins Medicine) In a small study that scanned the brains of teenagers while exposing them to tempting 'food cues,' researchers report that reduced activity in the brain's 'self-regulation' system may be an important early predictor of adult obesity.

Scientists develop blood test that spots tumor-derived DNA in people with early-stage cancers

(Johns Hopkins Medicine) In a bid to detect cancers early and in a noninvasive way, scientists at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center report they have developed a test that spots tiny amounts of cancer-specific DNA in blood and have used it to accurately identify more than half of 138 people with relatively early-stage colorectal, breast, lung and ovarian cancers.

Research review recommends eliminating widely ordered blood test for diagnosing heart attacks

(Johns Hopkins Medicine) Researchers at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and the Mayo Clinic have compiled peer-reviewed evidence and crafted a guideline designed to help physicians and medical centers stop the use of a widely ordered blood test that adds no value in evaluating patients with suspected heart attack.

Research Review Recommends Eliminating Widely Ordered Blood Test for Diagnosing Heart Attacks

Researchers at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and the Mayo Clinic have compiled peer-reviewed evidence and crafted a guideline designed to help physicians and medical centers stop the use of a widely ordered blood test that adds no value in evaluating patients with suspected heart attack.

Extinction mystery solved? Evidence suggests humans played a role in monkey's demise in Jamaica

(Johns Hopkins Medicine) Radiocarbon dating of a fossilized leg bone from a Jamaican monkey called Xenothrix mcgregori suggests it may be the one of the most recent primate species anywhere in the world to become extinct, and it may solve a long-standing mystery about the cause of its demise. The short answer: human settlement of its island home.

Does the affordable care act impact patient visits in the emergency department?

(Johns Hopkins Medicine) As the debate surrounding the Affordable Care Act (ACA) looms in the US Congress, Johns Hopkins researchers are weighing in on one aspect of the law. In 2014, as part of the ACA, Maryland was one of the states that expanded eligibility for its Medicaid program. Show More Summary

Small survey: Most primary care physicians can't identify all risk factors for prediabetes

(Johns Hopkins Medicine) Johns Hopkins researchers who distributed a survey at a retreat and medical update for primary care physicians (PCPs) report that the vast majority of the 140 doctors who responded could not identify all 11 risk factors that experts say qualify patients for prediabetes screening. Show More Summary

Faster diagnosis of inherited and lethal nerve disease could advance search for new treatments

(Johns Hopkins Medicine) Johns Hopkins physicians report success in a small study of a modified skin biopsy that hastens the earlier diagnosis of an inherited and progressively fatal nerve disease and seems to offer a clearer view of the disorder's severity and progression. Show More Summary

Researchers Find Handwritten Opioid Prescriptions Are More Prone to Mistakes

In a small study of opioid prescriptions filled at a Johns Hopkins Medicine outpatient pharmacy, researchers found that handwritten orders for the drugs contribute heavily to a trio of prescribing and processing errors in contrast to those created electronically.

Success With First 20 Patients Undergoing Minimally Invasive Pancreatic Transplant Surgery

Surgeons at Johns Hopkins Medicine report that their first series of a minimally invasive procedure to treat chronic pancreas disease, known as severe pancreatitis, resulted in shorter hospital stays, less need for opioids and fewer complications, compared with standard surgical approaches.

Barrier Proteins in Tumors are Possible Key to Immunotherapy Success

(Johns Hopkins Medicine) By comparing variations in protein expression in tumor samples from a single melanoma patient, researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg~Kimmel Institute and the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center say their findings have the potential to reveal some of the mechanisms underlying response or resistance to immunotherapy drugs.

Molecular test for common causes of vaginitis receives FDA approval

(Johns Hopkins Medicine) Johns Hopkins researchers report that a molecular diagnostic test accurately distinguishes among the three most common causes of vaginitis, an inflammation of vaginal tissue they say accounts for millions of visits to medical clinics and offices in the US each year.

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