Trend Results : Johns Hopkins Medicine

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Science and medicine are seemingly at constant odds

In the mid-1800s, Ignaz Semmelweis, then a professor at Johns Hopkins, proposed something outrageous: Doctors and medical students working in the maternity ward should wash their hands before delivering babies because doing so could reduce infant mortality. Show More Summary

Pairing mobile phone reminders with incentives to help prevent diseases

(Johns Hopkins Medicine) In a study conducted in rural India, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers working in collaboration with Bal Umang Drishya Sanstha (BUDS), a nonprofit Indian organization focused on child health, have found that...Show More Summary

REsearchers develop new technology platform for cancer immunotherapy

(InSilico Medicine, Inc.) Johns Hopkins scientists invent multifunctional antibody-ligand traps (Y-traps), a new class of cancer immunotherapeutics. They develop Y-traps comprising an antibody targeting an immune checkpoint (CTLA-4 or PD-L1) fused to a TGF? trap. Show More Summary

Cancer risk associated with key epigenetic changes occurring through normal aging process

(Johns Hopkins Medicine) Some scientists have hypothesized that tumor-promoting changes in cells during cancer development--particularly an epigenetic change involving DNA methylation--arise from rogue cells escaping a natural cell deterioration process called senescence. Show More Summary

Five novel genetic changes linked to pancreatic cancer risk

(Johns Hopkins Medicine) In what is believed to be the largest pancreatic cancer genome-wide association study to date, researchers at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center and the National Cancer Institute, and collaborators from over 80 other institutions worldwide discovered changes to five new regions in the human genome that may increase the risk of pancreatic cancer.

Hospital charges for outpatient cancer care highly variable, Medicare billing records show

(Johns Hopkins Medicine) An analysis of recent Medicare billing records for more than 3,000 hospitals across the United States shows that charges for outpatient oncology services such as chemo infusion or radiation treatment vary widely and exceed what Medicare will pay by twofold to sixfold.

Johns Hopkins Brings Therapy Dogs into ICU

In an editorial that draws on results of previously published studies and experiences in their medical intensive care unit (ICU), a team of Johns Hopkins Medicine professionals say that bringing specially trained dogs into ICUs can safely and substantially ease patients' physical and emotional suffering.

New research suggests your immune system can protect against MRSA infections

(Johns Hopkins Medicine) After years of investigation, researchers at Johns Hopkins, the University of California, Davis, and the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases have discovered how the immune system might protect a person from recurrent bacterial skin infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus (staph).

Apple Partners With 12 Hospitals to Bring Medical Records to iPhone for Consumers

Today, Apple announced a new feature as part of the  iOS 11.3 beta update for customers to see their medical records right on their iPhone. Johns Hopkins Medicine, Cedars-Sinai, Penn Medicine and other participating hospitals and clinics are among the first to make this beta feature available to their patients. Show More Summary

Scientists create a 3-D model of molecules in yeast linked to enzyme that lengthens chromosome tips

(Johns Hopkins Medicine) Through the haze of a sonogram screen, an expectant mother catches a glimpse of the growing baby within her. The outline of a nose, chin and head, instantly recognizable as a tiny human, brings to life what parents, until then, could only imagine. Show More Summary

Racial and ethnic disparities in live donor kidney transplants

(Johns Hopkins Medicine) Despite efforts over the past two decades to increase the number of black and Hispanic patients receiving kidney transplants from related or unrelated living donors, these racial/ethnic minority patients are still much less likely to undergo such transplants than white patients, Johns Hopkins researchers report. Show More Summary

New long-acting approach for malaria therapy developed

(University of Liverpool) A new study, published in Nature Communications, conducted by the University of Liverpool and the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine highlights a new 'long acting' medicine for the prevention of malaria.

Researchers use AI technology to chart immune cell receptor

(Johns Hopkins Medicine) Johns Hopkins scientists have used a form of artificial intelligence to create a map that compares types of cellular receptors, the chemical 'antennas' on the surface of immune system T-cells. Their experiments...Show More Summary

Rare Forms of 'Thunder' Protein May Be Linked to Schizophrenia

Researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine report they have identified rare genetic variations in a protein called Thorase, which is responsible for breaking down receptors at the connections between neurons in the brain.

Study shows increased risk of uterine fibroids in African-American women with a common form of hair

(Johns Hopkins Medicine) In a study of medical records gathered on hundreds of thousands of African-American women, Johns Hopkins researchers say they have evidence that women with a common form of hair loss have an increased chance of developing uterine leiomyomas, or fibroids

More tumor mutations equals higher success rate with cancer immunotherapy drugs

(Johns Hopkins Medicine) The mutational burden, or the number of mutations present in a tumors DNA, is a good predictor of whether that cancer type will respond to a class of cancer immunotherapy drugs known as checkpoint inhibitors, a new study led by Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center researchers shows. Show More Summary

Exposure to larger air particles linked to increased risk of asthma in children

(Johns Hopkins Medicine) Researchers at The Johns Hopkins University report statistical evidence that children exposed to airborne coarse particulate matter -- a mix of dust, sand and non-exhaust tailpipe emissions, such as tire rubber -- are more likely to develop asthma and need emergency room or hospital treatment for it than unexposed children.

Recordings reveal deep credibility gap when doctors and parents discuss outcomes for critically ill

(Johns Hopkins Medicine) An analysis of 16 audiotaped conversations between parents of infants in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and clinicians found that medical staff routinely downplay quality of life issues and leave families more optimistic about their babies' prognoses than the clinicians intended.

Recently discovered fossil shows transition of a reptile from life on land to life in the sea

(Johns Hopkins Medicine) Using modern research tools on a 155-million-year-old reptile fossil, scientists at Johns Hopkins and the American Museum of Natural History report they have filled in some important clues to the evolution of animals that once roamed land and transitioned to life in the water.

Physicians' experiences with family and friends impact breast cancer screening

(Johns Hopkins Medicine) Results of a national survey of more than 800 physicians suggest that their experiences with patients, family members and friends with breast cancer are linked with their recommendations for routine mammogra...

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