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Glowing crystals can detect, cleanse contaminated drinking water

(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) Motivated by public hazards associated with contaminated sources of drinking water, a team of scientists has successfully developed and tested tiny, glowing crystals that can detect and trap heavy-metal toxins like mercury and lead.

Scientists trace 'poisoning' in chemical reactions to the atomic scale

(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) A combination of experiments, including X-ray studies at Berkeley Lab, revealed new details about pesky deposits that can stop chemical reactions vital to fuel production and other process...

Global brain initiatives generate tsunami of neuroscience data

(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) New technologies are giving researchers unprecedented opportunities to explore how the brain processes, utilizes, stores and retrieves information. But, without a coherent strategy to analyze, manage and understand the data generated by these new tools, advancements in the field will be limited. Show More Summary

Five Berkeley lab scientists named AAAS fellows

(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) Five scientists from the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have been named Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Reinventing Fire in China

Amory Lovins’ Rocky Mountain Institute, backed by Chinese institutions and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, has published a stunning roadmap for an energy revolution in China. If its ideas are taken up, it could lead to a transformation...Show More Summary

A new understanding of metastability clears path for next-generation materials

(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) Researchers at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have published a new study that, for the first time, explicitly quantifies the thermodynamic scale of metastability for almost 30,000 known materials. Show More Summary

Crop yield gets big boost with modified genes in photosynthesis

(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) Berkeley and Illinois researchers have bumped up crop productivity by as much as 20 percent by increasing the expression of genes that result in more efficient use of light in photosynthesis. Their work could potentially be used to help address the world's future food needs.

A new way to image solar cells in 3-D

(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) Berkeley Lab scientists have developed a way to use optical microscopy to map thin-film solar cells in 3-D as they absorb photons.

Simulations show swirling rings, whirlpool-like structure in subatomic 'soup'

(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) Powerful supercomputer simulations of high-energy collisions of atomic cores provide new insights about the complex structure of a superhot fluid called the quark-gluon plasma.

Solar cells get boost with integration of water-splitting catalyst onto semiconductor

(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) Scientists at Berkeley Lab have found a way to engineer the atomic-scale chemical properties of a water-splitting catalyst for integration with a solar cell, and the result is a big boost to the stability and efficiency of artificial photosynthesis.

Perovskite combination rivals silicon solar cell efficiency

4 weeks agoTechnology / Gadgets : Gizmag

Scientists working at the University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley), and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) have created a hybrid photovoltaic cell from multiple layers of different perovskite materials that has a claimed a peak efficiency of 26 percent. Show More Summary

We gather here today to join lasers and anti-lasers

(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) Berkeley Lab scientists have, for the first time, achieved both lasing and anti-lasing in a single device. Their findings lay the groundwork for developing a new type of integrated device with the flexibility to operate as a laser, an amplifier, a modulator, and a detector.

Scientists fabricate a new class of crystalline solid

Scientists at Lehigh University, in collaboration with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, have demonstrated the fabrication of what they call a new class of crystalline solid by using a laser heating technique that induces atoms to organize into a rotating lattice without affecting the macroscopic shape of the solid.

Gatekeeping proteins to aberrant RNA: You shall not pass

(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) Berkeley Lab researchers found that aberrant strands of genetic code have telltale signs that enable gateway proteins to recognize and block them from exiting the nucleus. Their findings shed...Show More Summary

Evolution: How snakes lost their legs

last monthAcademics : Nature

Two studies pinpoint a stretch of DNA that could explain how snakes evolved from four-limbed animals.A team led by Len Pennacchio and Axel Visel at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in California analysed the ZRS DNA sequence — which regulates a key limb-development gene called

New bacteria groups, and stunning diversity, discovered underground

(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) One of the most detailed genomic studies of any ecosystem to date has revealed an underground world of stunning microbial diversity, and added dozens of new branches to the tree of life. The...Show More Summary

Crystal clear imaging: Infrared brings to light nanoscale molecular arrangement

(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) A team of researchers working at Berkeley Lab has demonstrated infrared imaging of an organic semiconductor known for its electronics capabilities, revealing key nanoscale details about the nature of its crystal features and defects that affect its performance.

NREL to lead new consortium to improve reliability and performance of solar modules

(DOE/National Renewable Energy Laboratory) The Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory, in partnership with Sandia National Laboratories, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory,...Show More Summary

Brain modulyzer provides interactive window into the brain

(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) A new tool developed at Berkeley Lab allows researchers to interactively explore the hierarchical processes that happen in the brain when it is resting or performing tasks. Scientists also hope that the tool can shed some light on how neurological diseases like Alzheimer's spread throughout the brain.

Scientists rev up speed of bionic enzyme reactions

Bionic enzymes got a needed boost in speed thanks to new research at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab). By pairing a noble metal with a natural enzyme, scientists created a hybrid capable of churning out 2,550 product molecules per hour, a frequency comparable to biological counterparts.

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