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Research becomes reality in study of fire impact on sonoma water resources

Scientists at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) spent a decade developing world-class modeling and monitoring capabilities to pinpoint factors behind the success of Sonoma's riverbank filtration system. Show More Summary

How the Earth stops high-energy neutrinos in their tracks

(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) In an analysis of data from an experiment embedded in Antarctic ice, a research collaboration including scientists from Berkeley Lab has demonstrated that the Earth stops high-energy neutrinos -- particles that only very rarely interact with matter.

X-Rays Reveal the Biting Truth About Parrotfish Teeth

A study by scientists – including those at the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) – has revealed a chain mail-like woven microstructure that gives parrotfish teeth their remarkable bite and resilience.

To find new biofuel enzymes, it can take a microbial village

A new study led by researchers at the Department of Energy's Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI), based at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), demonstrates the importance of microbial communities as a source of stable enzymes that could be used to convert plants to biofuels.

To find new biofuel enzymes, it can take a microbial village

(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) In search of new plant enzymes? Try looking in compost. Researchers at JBEI have demonstrated the importance of microbial communities as a source of stable enzymes that could be used to convert plants to biofuels. This approach yields robust enzymes that researchers can't easily obtain from isolates.

Fuel cell x-ray study details effects of temperature and moisture on performance

(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) To find the right balance of moisture and temperature in a specialized type of hydrogen fuel cell, Berkeley Lab scientists have used X-rays to explore the inner workings of its components at tiny scales.

Scientists narrow down the search for dark photons using decade-old particle collider data

(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) A fresh analysis of particle-collider data, co-led by Berkeley Lab physicists, limits some of the hiding places for one type of theorized particle -- the dark photon, also known as the heavy photon -- that was proposed to help explain the mystery of dark matter.

Genome research challenges previous understanding of the origin of photosynthesis

Plant biologists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), in collaboration with colleagues from the California Institute of Technology (Caltech), have reconstructed the evolutionary history of photosynthesis to provide new insight into the yet-unfolding story of its origins.

New studies on disordered cathodes may provide much-needed jolt to lithium batteries

Today's lithium-ion battery was invented so long ago, there are not many more efficiencies to wring out of it. Now researchers at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) report major progress in cathodes made with so-called "disordered" materials, a promising new type of lithium battery.

New studies on disordered cathodes may provide much-needed jolt to lithium batteries

(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) In a pair of papers published this month in Nature Communications and Physical Review Letters (PRL), a team of scientists from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has come up with a set of rules for making new disordered materials, a process that had previously been driven by trial-and-error. Show More Summary

Experiment provides deeper look into the nature of neutrinos

(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) The first glimpse of data from the full array of a deeply chilled particle detector operating beneath a mountain in Italy sets the most precise limits yet on where scientists might find a theorized process to help explain why there is more matter than antimatter in the universe.

Cool roofs have water saving benefits too

(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) The energy and climate benefits of cool roofs have been well established: By reflecting rather than absorbing the sun's energy, light-colored roofs keep buildings, cities, and even the entire planet cooler. Show More Summary

Scientists solve a magnesium mystery in rechargeable battery performance

(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) A Berkeley Lab-led research team has discovered a surprising set of chemical reactions involving magnesium that degrade battery performance even before the battery can be charged up. The findings could steer the design of next-gen batteries.

Screening for disease or toxins in a drop of blood

(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) Imagine being able to quickly and accurately screen for diseases or chemical contaminants in a tiny drop of blood. Berkeley Lab scientist Daojing Wang and others have developed a multinozzle...Show More Summary

The puzzle to plugging the worst natural gas release in history

By the time Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) scientists Barry Freifeld and Curt Oldenburg visited the Aliso Canyon natural gas storage facility in December 2015, the SS-25 well blowout had been leaking natural gas into the air for more than six weeks. Show More Summary

NIH awards $6.5 million to Berkeley Lab for augmenting structural biology research

(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) The NIH has awarded $6.5 million to Berkeley Lab to integrate existing synchrotron structural biology resources to better serve researchers. The grant will establish a center based at the Lab's...Show More Summary

Decoding the origin of heavy elements in the light from a neutron star merger

(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) On Aug. 17, scientists around the globe were treated to near-simultaneous observations by separate instruments: One set of Earth-based detectors measured the signature of a cataclysmic event...Show More Summary

International team reconstructs nanoscale virus features from correlations of scattered X-rays

(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) Berkeley Lab researchers contributed key algorithms which helped scientists achieve a goal first proposed more than 40 years ago -- using angular correlations of X-ray snapshots from non-crystalline molecules to determine the 3-D structure of important biological objects.

Injecting electrons jolts 2-D structure into new atomic pattern

(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) The same electrostatic charge that can make hair stand on end and attach balloons to clothing could be an efficient way to drive atomically thin electronic memory devices of the future, according to a new Berkeley Lab study. Show More Summary

Lab technology brings Nobel-winning cryo-EM into sharper focus

Pioneering work by scientists at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) played a key role in the 2017 Nobel Prize in chemistry, awarded today, honoring the development of cryo-electron microscopy, or cryo-EM, an imaging technique that has launched the fields of structural biology and biochemistry into an exciting new era of discovery.

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