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Brains of People with Autism Spectrum Disorder Share Similar Molecular Abnormalities

UCLA scientists provides further evidence that the brains of people with autism, despite different causes, tend to have the same molecular "signature."

Brains of people with autism spectrum disorder share similar molecular abnormalities

(University of California - Los Angeles) Autism spectrum disorder is caused by a variety of factors, both genetic and environmental. But a new study led by UCLA scientists provides further evidence that the brains of people with the disorder tend to have the same 'signature' of abnormalities at the molecular level.

Medical News Today: Cancer: Molecular insights into anti-tumor effects of diabetes drug

Study sheds new light at molecular level on how widely prescribed diabetes drug metformin protects epithelial barriers against stress and prevents tumors.

Role of molecular modification in determining physical activity levels revealed

(Osaka University) Osaka University-led researchers showed that RNA editing of the molecule CAPS1 is associated with increased dense core vesicle exocytosis, the mechanism by which cells export materials such as catecholamines. In mice...Show More Summary

Rotary molecular motor controls self-assembly and handedness of double-stranded helicates

(Phys.org)—A group of researchers from the University of Groningin in the Netherlands have developed a way to change the handedness of a double-stranded metal helicate by photo and thermal stimulation by attaching bipyridine subunits to a unidirectional molecular rotary motor. Their work appears in Nature Chemistry.

Role of molecular modification in determining physical activity levels revealed

Researchers show modification of a gene product results in greater physical activity and reduced body weight in mice, thus boosting understanding of how physical activity is regulated at the cellular level in the nervous system.

Rare childhood disease linked to major cancer gene

An important molecular link between a rare childhood genetic disease and a major cancer gene has been uncovered by scientists. The discovery could lead to improved treatment outcomes for some cancer patients, they say.

A Step Closer Toward Bioplastic

17 hours agoAcademics / Chemistry : ChemViews

Structure of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) synthase and molecular mechanisms of the PHA biosynthesis described

Incredible Beauty of Living Cell

David Goodsell, molecular artist:     Source: Quartz The post Incredible Beauty of Living Cell appeared first on The Big Picture.

URI Scientist: Rare Childhood Disease Linked to Major Cancer Gene

Research team has discovered an important molecular link between a rare childhood genetic disease and a major cancer gene. The discovery could lead to improved treatment outcomes for some cancer patients.

URI scientist: Rare childhood disease linked to major cancer gene

(University of Rhode Island) A team of researchers led by a University of Rhode Island scientist has discovered an important molecular link between a rare childhood genetic disease, Fanconi anemia, and a major cancer gene called PTEN. Show More Summary

Embryonic cluster galaxy immersed in giant cloud of cold gas

Astronomers studying a cluster of still-forming protogalaxies seen as they were more than 10 billion years ago have found that a giant galaxy in the center of the cluster is forming from a surprisingly-dense soup of molecular gas.

Collaboration uncovers how molecular machines assemble

Ribosomes—macromolecular machines consisting of RNA and proteins that twist, fold and turn—are responsible for making all of the protein within a cell and could hold the key to deciphering a range of diseases. Despite the intricacies of ribosomes, cells are able to churn out 100,000 of them every hour. Show More Summary

IUPUI chemists develop new technique that could speed drug development

(Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis School of Science) Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis chemists have devised new molecular binding technique to substantially speed up the process of synthesizing new compounds for use as human or animal drugs.

Improving the mechanical properties of polymer gels through molecular design

(Nagoya University) Research conducted at Nagoya University has revealed that the strength of normally brittle polymer gels can be increased using a design in which mobile cross-linking units are threaded on a polymer. This allows the...Show More Summary

Improving the mechanical properties of polymer gels through molecular design

A polymer gel consists of a three-dimensional cross-linked polymer network swollen with liquid molecules. However, most conventional polymer gels are brittle because stress concentration readily occurs in their cross-linked polymer network structure. Show More Summary

A change of heart

Why is heart growth beneficial in some circumstances but detrimental in others? Research has uncovered the molecular basis of dangerous cardiac growth (cardiac hypertrophy), pointing the way for the design of new treatments for heart disease. 

Results from 3 ground-breaking studies show early benefit to patients

(ECCO-the European CanCer Organisation) The 'revolution in the understanding of cancer at the molecular level' has led to dramatic responses in cancer patients to new therapies that are targeted precisely at their particular type of tumors, according to an expert. Show More Summary

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