UCLA scientists provides further evidence that the brains of people with autism, despite different causes, tend to have the same molecular "signature."
(University of California - Los Angeles) Autism spectrum disorder is caused by a variety of factors, both genetic and environmental. But a new study led by UCLA scientists provides further evidence that the brains of people with the disorder tend to have the same 'signature' of abnormalities at the molecular level.
Study sheds new light at molecular level on how widely prescribed diabetes drug metformin protects epithelial barriers against stress and prevents tumors.
(Osaka University) Osaka University-led researchers showed that RNA editing of the molecule CAPS1 is associated with increased dense core vesicle exocytosis, the mechanism by which cells export materials such as catecholamines. In mice...Show More Summary
(Phys.org)—A group of researchers from the University of Groningin in the Netherlands have developed a way to change the handedness of a double-stranded metal helicate by photo and thermal stimulation by attaching bipyridine subunits to a unidirectional molecular rotary motor. Their work appears in Nature Chemistry.
Researchers show modification of a gene product results in greater physical activity and reduced body weight in mice, thus boosting understanding of how physical activity is regulated at the cellular level in the nervous system.
An important molecular link between a rare childhood genetic disease and a major cancer gene has been uncovered by scientists. The discovery could lead to improved treatment outcomes for some cancer patients, they say.
Structure of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) synthase and molecular mechanisms of the PHA biosynthesis described
David Goodsell, molecular artist: Source: Quartz The post Incredible Beauty of Living Cell appeared first on The Big Picture.
A molecular biologist sequences DNA, grows heart cells and watches them beat.
Research team has discovered an important molecular link between a rare childhood genetic disease and a major cancer gene. The discovery could lead to improved treatment outcomes for some cancer patients.
(University of Rhode Island) A team of researchers led by a University of Rhode Island scientist has discovered an important molecular link between a rare childhood genetic disease, Fanconi anemia, and a major cancer gene called PTEN. Show More Summary
Astronomers studying a cluster of still-forming protogalaxies seen as they were more than 10 billion years ago have found that a giant galaxy in the center of the cluster is forming from a surprisingly-dense soup of molecular gas.
Ribosomes—macromolecular machines consisting of RNA and proteins that twist, fold and turn—are responsible for making all of the protein within a cell and could hold the key to deciphering a range of diseases. Despite the intricacies of ribosomes, cells are able to churn out 100,000 of them every hour. Show More Summary
(Salk Institute) New imaging method takes on molecular mixtures.
(Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis School of Science) Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis chemists have devised new molecular binding technique to substantially speed up the process of synthesizing new compounds for use as human or animal drugs.
(Nagoya University) Research conducted at Nagoya University has revealed that the strength of normally brittle polymer gels can be increased using a design in which mobile cross-linking units are threaded on a polymer. This allows the...Show More Summary
A polymer gel consists of a three-dimensional cross-linked polymer network swollen with liquid molecules. However, most conventional polymer gels are brittle because stress concentration readily occurs in their cross-linked polymer network structure. Show More Summary
Why is heart growth beneficial in some circumstances but detrimental in others? Research has uncovered the molecular basis of dangerous cardiac growth (cardiac hypertrophy), pointing the way for the design of new treatments for heart disease.
(ECCO-the European CanCer Organisation) The 'revolution in the understanding of cancer at the molecular level' has led to dramatic responses in cancer patients to new therapies that are targeted precisely at their particular type of tumors, according to an expert. Show More Summary