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Why hospital antibiotic management strategies do little to curb resistance

(Molecular Biology and Evolution (Oxford University Press)) The team have shown that 'determining whether antibiotic cycling or mixing selects best against drug resistant pathogens is not possible, even in standardized questions using mathematical models, let alone in the clinic,' according to lead author Robert Beardmore. Show More Summary

Maternal blood pressure before pregnancy may be related to babies' sex

(Oxford University Press USA) A new paper published in the American Journal of Hypertension suggests that a woman's blood pressure before pregnancy is related to her likelihood of giving birth to a boy or girl.

New study in Neurosurgery finds overlapping surgery is safe and efficient

(Oxford University Press USA) Overlapping surgery occurs when a surgeon oversees two operations at the same time. Overlapping surgery is thought to improve efficiency as the primary surgeon performs the critical parts of the procedure while co-surgeons perform the non-critical portions of the procedure. Show More Summary

More older americans using cannabis, underscoring need for research

(Oxford University Press USA) Cannabis use among older adults in the US is on the rise, yet there is currently a lack of biomedical, clinical, and public health research to inform policy related to this trend, according to a new article published in The Gerontologist.

A research framework for tracing human migration events after 'out of Africa' origins

(Molecular Biology and Evolution (Oxford University Press)) The new study, performed by geneticists at Harvard Medical School, provides an expanded framework for researchers to study human origins, drawing upon extensive DNA sampling -- 10 representative modern human populations and all archaic hominid DNA sequenced. Show More Summary

Consumption of grilled meat linked to higher mortality risk among breast cancer survivors

(Oxford University Press USA) Findings published in JNCI: Journal of the National Cancer Institute indicate that higher consumption of grilled, barbecued, and smoked meat may increase the mortality risk among breast cancer survivors...

Oxford University Press to launch new journal, Innovation in Aging

(Oxford University Press USA) Oxford University Press is pleased to announce its partnership with the Gerontological Society of America to publish Innovation in Aging, a new peer-reviewed, open access interdisciplinary journal, beginning in January 2017.

Alarming levels of hypertension found in the general public

(Oxford University Press USA) A new study finds that 50 percent of the Canadian public is unaware that they suffer from high blood pressure, with most of them unaware of their condition or unwilling to address and manage their high blood pressure.

Shell game: Understanding gene patterns behind mollusk diversity

(Molecular Biology and Evolution (Oxford University Press)) Bernard Degnan et al. have begun to peel back the complex gene networks that control the secretions from the outer layer of cells on the mantle. In the largest study ever performed,...Show More Summary

Jawing away: Bahama pupfish study identifies candidate genes driving food-niches

(Molecular Biology and Evolution (Oxford University Press)) Scientists Joseph McGirr and Christopher Martin have studied three closely related pupfish species peacefully co-existing because each, through subtle jaw size differences, has rapidly carved out its own food niche within the last 10,000 years. Show More Summary

Arctic Inuit, Native American cold adaptations may originate from extinct hominids

(Molecular Biology and Evolution (Oxford University Press)) In the Arctic, the Inuits have adapted to severe cold and a predominantly seafood diet. Now, a team of scientists led by Fernando Racimo, Rasmus Nielsen et al. have followed up on the first natural selection study in Inuits to trace back the origins of these adaptations. Show More Summary

How cytoplasmic DNA undergoes adaptation to avoid harmful mutations

(Molecular Biology and Evolution (Oxford University Press)) University of Sydney School of Life and Environmental Sciences researchers Joshua Christie and Madeleine Beekman have used computational tools to better understand cytoplasmic...Show More Summary

Oxford University Press publishing the collected works of D. W. Winnicott

(Oxford University Press USA) Oxford University Press announces the publication of 'The Collected Works of D. W. Winnicott,' which will provide access to almost all the writings of one of the world's most significant psychological thinkers and writers.

New study highlights smoking intensity in coronary heart disease risk

(Oxford University Press USA) Increased relative risks for coronary heart disease (CHD) have long been associated with smoking, and traditionally they have been dependent on the number of cigarettes smoked a day, smoking intensities, and total exposure over time. Show More Summary

Study finds key mechanism important for sex determination in vertebrates

(Molecular Biology and Evolution (Oxford University Press)) In various vertebrate species, including fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals, the DMRT1 gene is a master sex regulator. Now, in a new study, Michihiko Ito et al. have...Show More Summary

Tibetan Mastiff gained high altitude adaptation after domestication by wolf interbreeding

(Molecular Biology and Evolution (Oxford University Press)) A new study demonstrates strong genetic evidence that, when man first settled into the Tibetan plateau, the recently domesticated Tibetan Mastiff interbred with the Tibet grey...Show More Summary

Experts argue it's time to stop using bite marks in forensics

(Oxford University Press USA) Researchers are increasingly skeptical about the validity of bite-mark identification as trial evidence. A new paper in Journal of Law and the Biosciences describes the legal basis for the rise of bite-mark...Show More Summary

Prohibiting sperm donor anonymity could reduce the number of donors

(Oxford University Press USA) A new study published in the Journal of Law and the Biosciences suggests that prohibiting anonymous sperm donation would result in a decline in the number of donors, and that those willing to donate would likely demand compensation for donation.

Reading Now: Philippa Foot, Natural Goodness

The book arrived yesterday via Amazon and I began reading it this morning. Looks good! Oxford University Press, 2001. Foot essays "a naturalistic theory of ethics: to break really radically both with G. E. Moore's anti-naturalism and with the subjectivist...

Diversity without limits

(Molecular Biology and Evolution (Oxford University Press)) Now, researchers at Temple and Oakland universities have completed a new tree of prokaryotic life calibrated to time, assembled from 11,784 species of bacteria. The new tree...Show More Summary

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