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More Americans being hospitalized for a hypertensive emergency, but fewer are dying

(Oxford University Press USA) A new article published in the American Journal of Hypertension finds a rising trend in hospitalization for hypertensive emergency with reduction in hospital mortality during the last decade. The presence...Show More Summary

Lice and bacteria, partners in parasitism

(Molecular Biology and Evolution (Oxford University Press)) Scientists Bret Boyd et al. have sought to better understand the evolutionary history of bacteria residing within lice. In this study, they see that bacterial evolution is driven by associations with lice, and louse evolution is tied to their mammalian hosts.

Oxford University Press and Zhejiang University Press launch Food Quality and Safety

(Oxford University Press USA) Oxford University Press (OUP), together with Zhejiang University Press (ZUP) in Hangzhou, China, has launched a new, peer reviewed open-access journal: Food Quality and Safety (FQS).

Report reveals prevalence of sexual assault in nursing homes

(Oxford University Press USA) A new paper in The Gerontologist examined sexual assault in nursing homes. The report finds that the most vulnerable residents are likely to become victims; legal examinations were infrequent due to administration complexities and training and institutional policy, and nursing homes are not adequately equipped to deal with sexual assault cases.

AMIA announces partnership with Dryad Digital Repository

(Oxford University Press USA) The American Medical Informatics Association (AMIA) today announced a new partnership with the Dryad Digital Repository. Dryad is a curated resource that makes the data underlying scientific publications discoverable, freely reusable, and citable.

Different breast cancer treatment options vary widely in their cost-effectiveness

(Oxford University Press USA) A new study published today in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute indicates that different therapies for early-stage breast cancer have very different relative values. Some therapies may have fewer complications and be much less expensive than others. Women may be making treatment decisions based on factors other than medical value.

Next Generation TimeTree: An expanded history of life on Earth at your fingertips

(Molecular Biology and Evolution (Oxford University Press)) A golden age of a global family tree of life on Earth is upon us now with the widespread use of next-generation DNA sequencing generating millions of sequence data. A next generation TimeTree web can now help make it easier for people to make sense of much of that data. Show More Summary

E-cigarette regulations may affect their effectiveness for smoking cessation

(Oxford University Press USA) A study published today in the journal Nicotine & Tobacco Research, reveals that regulations on electronic cigarettes (ECs) may impact their effectiveness as a cessation tool. This study might help explain some of the mixed results on the effectiveness of ECs that has been published in the literature.

So sheep may safely graze

(Molecular Biology and Evolution (Oxford University Press)) From a large genome study, a team of French and Argentinian scientists may have successfully identified the mutations behind the sheep traits that shepherds began saving from the hunt -- for their prized wool.

New species of tree living crab found in Western Ghats

(Oxford University Press USA) A recent research paper in The Journal of Crustacean Biology reveals a new genus and new species of tree crab in Kerala, southern India. Known scientifically as the 'Kani maranjandu,' it is substantially different from other congeners. Show More Summary

Welfare reform that really works

(Oxford University Press USA) A new study published in the Review of Economic Studies indicates that introducing additional welfare components to tax systems can make people worse off by changing their behavior. But certain policy interventions carry sizable work incentives and make people better off by helping them commit to long-run goals.

How should the UK approach Brexit?

(Oxford University Press USA) A study published in the Oxford Review of Economic Policy summarizes strategies for the United Kingdom to adopt when negotiating new trade arrangements with the European Union. Theresa May triggered Article 50 today and began the Brexit process. This article discusses the future of UK trade policy following the referendum vote.

Herpes STDs: From chimps to humans to cold sore cousin mixing before worldwide spread

(Molecular Biology and Evolution (Oxford University Press)) Evolutionarily, Herpes simplex virus 1 and 2 are considered cousins, and are thought to have evolved independently, Now, an entirely new picture is emerging. While scientists...Show More Summary

Scientists make new discovery about bird evolution

(Oxford University Press USA) In a new paper published in National Science Review, a team of scientists from China described the most exceptionally preserved fossil bird discovered to date.

Neurosurgical practices must evolve and transform to adapt to rapidly changing healthcare industry

(Oxford University Press USA) Neurosurgeons hoping to successfully navigate the rapidly changing healthcare industry must advance their strategies and adapt new ways of thinking in order to continue to thrive in an evolving environm...

New research shows how metabolism and epigenetics play a role in cancer development

(Oxford University Press USA) A study published in Briefings in Functional Genomics investigated how epigenetics can modulate human's genetic program -- it can emphasize or silence genes. The new research shows that if epigenetics is...Show More Summary

HIV co-infection influences natural selection on M. tuberculosis

(Molecular Biology and Evolution (Oxford University Press)) While M. tuberculosis has been evolving with humans for thousands of years, HIV co-infections create host immunological environments that this bacterium has not encountered before and could, therefore, be nudging it to evolve new characteristics. Show More Summary

Agriculture, dietary changes, and adaptations in fat metabolism from ancient to modern Europeans

(Molecular Biology and Evolution (Oxford University Press)) Evolutionary biologists are weighing in based on the increasing power of DNA analyses to explore how changes in diet over eons have caused human adaptations to genes regulating fat metabolism. Show More Summary

High uric acid levels in young children may result in higher blood pressure later on

(Oxford University Press USA) A new article published in the American Journal of Hypertension finds that very young children with increased uric acid levels had higher blood pressure at 3 years of age.

High folic acid level in pregnancy may decrease high blood pressure in children

(Oxford University Press USA) A new article published in the American Journal of Hypertension finds that babies born to mothers with cardiometabolic risk factors were less likely to develop high blood pressure if their mothers had higher levels of folate during pregnancy.

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